Aleksei Gan

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The cover of Konstruktivizm by Aleksei Gan, 1922.

Aleksei Gan (1887[1] or 1893[2] – 1942[1][2]) was a Russian anarchist avant-garde artist, art theorist and graphic designer. Gan was a key figure in the development of Constructivism after the Russian Revolution.[3]


Gan was the first to write on art in the anarchist newspaper Anarkhiia (Anarchy) when it introduced an art section in early 1918.[4] In March 1921, Gan was one of the seven artists, including Alexander Rodchenko and his wife Varvara Stepanova, who announced themselves as the first Working Group of Constructivists.[5] The group rejected fine art in favour of graphic design, photography, posters, and political propaganda.[6] Gan collaborated with Aleksandr Rodchenko and Varvara Stepanova on a Constructivist manifesto in 1922,[7] and published his own pamphlet Konstruktivism in the same year.[8] He also founded the first Soviet film journal, Kino-Fot (or Kinofot), in 1922.[9]

In 1928 he was one of the founders of the October Group.[10] Gan is believed to have died in a Russian labour camp.[citation needed]

Selected works[edit]

  • Konstruktivizm (Constructivism). Tver: Tver'skoe izdatel' stvo, 1923.
  • The Island of the Young Pioneers, 1924. (Documentary)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kristin Romberg, Aleksei Gan's Constructivism, 1917-1928. New York: Columbia University, 2010, Ph.D. Dissertation.
  2. ^ a b VIAF Retrieved 13 June 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Jeremy Howard, Aleksei Gan, Grove Art Online.
  4. ^ Nina Gourianova, The Aesthetics of Anarchy : Art and Ideology in the Early Russian Avant-Garde
  5. ^ Maria Gough (2005). The Artist as Producer: Russian Constructivism in Revolution. University of California Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-520-22618-0. 
  6. ^ "Rodchenko, Alexander." by Yvonne Jones in The Oxford Companion to Western Art. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed 10 May 2013.
  7. ^ 'Who We Are: Manifesto of the Constructivist Group', in Alexander N. Lavrentiev, ed., Alexandr Rodchenko: Experiments of the Future, 2005, pp.143-45
  8. ^ Willem G. Weststeijn (2013). "Aleksei Gan's Constructivism and its aftermath". In Ralf Grüttemeier; Klaus Beekman. Neue Sachlichkeit and Avant-Garde. Rodopi. pp. 373–. ISBN 94-012-0909-X. 
  9. ^ Petrič, Vlada. (1993) Constructivism in Film: The Man With the Movie Camera : A Cinematic Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 13. ISBN 0521443873
  10. ^ "CONSTRUCTIVISM / Aleksei Gan". Tenov Books. EDITORIAL TENOV. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]