Aleksei Kruchyonykh

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Aleksei Kruchyonykh
Matyushin, Malevich, Kruchenikh.jpg
Mikhail Matyushin (left), Kruchenykh (middle) and Kazimir Malevich (right) at the First All-Russian Congregation of the Bards of the Future (The Futurist Poets) meeting in March 1912. Photo by Karl Bulla.
Aleksei Yeliseyevich Kruchonykh

(1886-02-09)February 9, 1886
DiedJune 17, 1968(1968-06-17) (aged 82)
Known forPoetry, Collage, Artist's book
Notable work
Universal War, 1916
MovementRussian Futurism, Zaum

Aleksei Yeliseyevich Kruchyonykh[1] (Russian: Алексе́й Елисе́евич Кручёных; 9 February 1886 – 17 June 1968), a well-known poet of the Russian "Silver Age", was perhaps the most radical poet of Russian Futurism, a movement that included Vladimir Mayakovsky, David Burliuk and others. Together with Velimir Khlebnikov, Kruchenykh is considered the inventor of zaum. Kruchyonykh wrote the libretto for the Futurist opera Victory Over the Sun, with sets provided by Kazimir Malevich. He married Olga Rozanova, an avant-garde artist, in 1912; four years later, in 1916, he created his most famous book, Universal War.

He is also known for his Declaration of the Word as Such (1913): "The worn-out, violated word "lily" is devoid of all expression. Therefore I call the lily éuy – and original purity is restored."[2]

The Russian punk band Grazhdanskaya Oborona have a reggae-styled song called "Posveshtenie A. Kruchyonykh" (Homage to A. Kruchyonykh) on their 1990 concept album Instruktsiya po vyzhivaniyu.


  1. ^ Also romanized Kruchenykh, due to confusion about ⟨ё
  2. ^ George Steiner, After Babel, III, 3.[1]

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