Alessandro Cesarini

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Alessandro Cesarini
Coat of arms of Cardinal Alessandro Cesarini.

Alessandro Cesarini (died February 13, 1542), bishop of Pistoia,[1] was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

Life[edit]

Born in Rome, the son of Agabito Cesarini, he became close to the Medici family, particularly Cardinal Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, the future Pope Leo X. He was made cardinal deacon on July 1, 1517[2] and received the deaconry of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus, opting for the deaconry of Santa Maria in Via Lata in 1523. He became known for his patronage of writers and artists.

He served as apostolic administrator of Pamplona, Spain from 1520 to 1538; that of Alessano, Italy from 1526 to 1531; that of Otranto, Italy from 1526 to 1536; that of Gerace, Italy from 1536 to 1538; that of Catanzaro, Italy briefly in 1536; that of Oppido Mamertina, Italy from 1536 to 1538 (resigning in favor of his natural son, Ascanio Cesarini, who succeeded him in that see from 1538 to 1542); that of Jaën from July 6, 1537 to June 14, 1538;[3] and that of Cuenca, Spain from 1538 to his death.

In the sack of Rome by mutinous troops of Charles V in 1527, he was one of the cardinals held hostage.[4]

He participated in the conclave of 1521–1522, which elected Adrian VI; of 1523, which elected Clement VII; and of 1534, which elected Paul III.

He became cardinal bishop and chose the suburbicarian see of Albano, Italy in 1540.

He was appointed bishop of Palestrina, Italy in 1541, in which office he died February 13, 1542 in Rome. He was buried in his family’s tomb in the church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli in Rome.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Roscoe and Thomas Roscoe, The Life and Pontificate of Leo the Tenth, Vol.2, (Henry G. Bohn, 1846), 78.
  2. ^ Kenneth Gouwens and Sheryl E. Reiss, The Pontificate Of Clement VII: History, Politics, Culture, (Ashgate Publishing Limited, 1988), 276.
  3. ^ G. Gulik and C. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica III editio altera (curavit J. Schmitz-Kallenberg) (Monasterii 1935), p. 203
  4. ^ Marino Sanudo, Patricia H. Labalme and Laura Sanguineti White, Venice, Cità Excelentissima, (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), 184.
  5. ^ Salvador Miranda, “The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Biographical Dictionary, Pope Leo X (1513-1521), Consistory of July 1, 1517” (with bibliography) [1]
  6. ^ “Alessandro Cardinal Cesarini (Sr.),” catholic-hierarchy.org
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Giovanni Stefano Ferrero
Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Sergio e Bacco
1517–1523
Succeeded by
Odet de Coligny de Châtillon
Preceded by
Francesco Armellini Pantalassi de' Medici
Administrator of Gerace (1st time)
1519
Succeeded by
Girolamo Planca
Preceded by
Amanieu d'Albret
Administrator of Pamplona
1520–1538
Succeeded by
Juan Reina
Preceded by
Marco Cornaro
Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Via Lata
1523–1540
Succeeded by
Niccolò Ridolfi
Preceded by
Fabrizio Di Capua
Administrator of Otranto
1526–1536
Succeeded by
Pietro Antonio Di Capua
Preceded by
Agostino Trivulzio
Administrator of Alessano
1526–1531
Succeeded by
Francesco Antonio Balduini
Preceded by
Girolamo Planca
Administrator of Gerace (2nd time)
1534–1538
Succeeded by
Tiberio Muti
Preceded by
Angelo Geraldini d'Amelia
Administrator of Catanzaro
1536
Succeeded by
Sforza Geraldini d'Amelia
Preceded by
Pietro Andrea Ripanti
Administrator of Oppido Mamertina
1536–1538
Succeeded by
Ascanio Cesarini
Preceded by
Diego Ramírez de Villaescua de Haro
Administrator of Cuenca
1538–1542
Succeeded by
Sebastián Ramírez de Fuenleal
Preceded by
Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg
Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
1540–1541
Succeeded by
Francesco Cornaro
Preceded by
Gianvincenzo Carafa
Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
1541–1542
Succeeded by
Francesco Cornaro