Alessandro Torlonia, 2nd Prince di Civitella-Cesi
Don Alessandro Raffaele Torlonia (January 1, 1800 – February 7, 1886) was an Italian nobleman of the House of Torlonia, titled Duca di Ceri, Prince di Fucino. He was the second Prince of Civitella-Cesi, and the son of Giovanni Torlonia, 1st Prince di Civitella-Cesi (1754-1829).
Born January 1, 1800, his father was Giovanni Torlonia, 1st Prince di Civitella-Cesi, and his mother Anna Maria Chiaveri née Schulteiss, a widow who came from a family of southern German merchants from the city of Donaueschingen.
In 1829, Alessandro Torlonia inherited a vast fortune from his father. This came mainly from banking. In the subsequent years 1832-42, Alessandro greatly expanded Villa Torlonia which had been started by his father in 1806, and he increased on the wealth primarily from acquiring the monopoly for salt and tobacco business in the Rome and Naples areas. It was Alessandro Torlonia who financed the draining of the Fucine Lake 1862-73, thus removing a major factor for malaria. According to the North Otago Times, it was common to hear in Rome:
"O Torlonia secca ll lago Fucino, o il lago Fucino secca Torlonia" — ("Either Torlonia will drain the Fucine lake, or the Fucine lake will drain Torlonia") --North Otago Times, Volume VIII, Issue 202, 30 April 1867, Page 3
This action subsequently enabled Cerchio families to farm the lake bed's rich soils under the Torlonia Administration. For this, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy offered Alessandro a special one-off gold medal and the title Prince of Fucino.
Alessandro married the princess Donna Teresa Colonna-Doria (Rome, 22 July 1823-Rome, 17 March 1875) in Rome on 16 July 1840. She was of the Roman Colonna family. They had two children, Anna Maria (1855-1901) who in 1872 married Giulio Borghese (1847-1914), and Giovanna Giacinta Carolina (1856-1875). Alessandro died in Rome on 7 February 1886. Upon his death, his original Prince title passed to Don Augusto Torlonia, 3rd Prince di Civitella Cesi, grandson of Alessandro's older brother, Giulio. His Prince di Fucino was passed to his son-in-law, Giulio (1847-1914) who became the 2nd Prince di Fucino.
According to one account, sometime in the 1800s a member of the Torlonia family became seriously ill and the Franciscan friars were asked to bring the Santo Bambino of Aracoeli to the sickbed. The friars obliged and the person recovered. Thereafter, Prince Alessandro used a carriage that belonged to Pope Leo XIII to spend his Thursdays bringing the image on "house calls" to the sick unable to get to the Basilica of Santa Maria in Aracoeli. Until the beginning of the 20th century a coach of Prince Torlonia stood day and night available to bring the Bambino to the bedside of a sick person.
- "Lake Fucine, Italy". nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "THE "ROTHSCHILDS OF ROME !"". natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "Torlonia family tree". Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- Nersinger, Urlich. "Il Santo Bambino The Holy Child of Rome", Zenit, December 23, 2006