|Other names||Estradiol 3-(bis(2-chloroethyl)carbamate) 17β-(L-alaninate); Estradiol 3-(bis(2-chloroethyl)carbamate) 17β-(2β-aminopropanoate); Estradiol 3-(bis(2-chloroethyl)carbamate) 17β-((2S)-2-aminopropanoate)|
|Drug class||Chemotherapeutic agent; Estrogen; Estrogen ester|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||511.48 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Alestramustine (INN), also known as estradiol 3-(bis(2-chloroethyl)carbamate) 17β-(L-alaninate), is a cytostatic antineoplastic agent which was never marketed. It is the L-alanine ester of estramustine, which is a combination of the nitrogen mustard normustine coupled via a carbamate to the estrogen estradiol. Alestramustine acts as a prodrug to estramustine, and also forms estradiol as a byproduct. The drug, via its active metabolites, binds to microtubule-associated proteins and β-tubulin and interferes with microtubule function, thereby inhibiting cell division. Due to its estrogen moiety, alestramustine is selectively concentrated in estrogen receptor-positive cells such as prostate and breast.