Aleutian Arc

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Map showing volcanoes of the Aleutian Arc.

The Aleutian Arc is a large volcanic arc in the U.S. state of Alaska. It consists of a number of active and dormant volcanoes that have formed as a result of subduction along the Aleutian Trench. Although taking its name from the Aleutian Islands, this term is a geologic grouping rather than a geographic one, and the Aleutian Arc extends through the Alaska Peninsula following the Aleutian Range to the Aleutian Islands.[1]

The Aleutian arc reflects subduction of the Pacific plate beneath the North American plate. It extends 3,000 km from the Kamchatka Peninsula in the west to the Gulf of Alaska in the east. Unimak Pass at the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula marks the eastward transition from an intra-oceanic in the west to a continental arc in the east. Due to the arcuate geometry of the trench, the relative velocity vector changes from almost trench-normal in the Gulf of Alaska to almost trench-parallel in the west. Along the oceanic part of the subduction zone, convergence varies from 6.3 cm/yr to the NNW in the east to 7.4 cm/yr towards the NW in the west (DeMets and Dixon 1999).[citation needed]


Volcanoes within the volcanic arc include:


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Coordinates: 52°17′N 174°09′W / 52.28°N 174.15°W / 52.28; -174.15