Alex Chow Yong-kang
Alex Chow Yong-kang
Chow on grant of bail, 7 October 2017
Alex Chow Yong-kang (Chinese: 周永康; Sidney Lau: Jau1 Wing5 Hong1; born 1990) is a social activist in Hong Kong, a former student of the Faculty of Arts of the University of Hong Kong and former secretary-general of the Hong Kong Federation of Students. He was the Vice-President (External) of the Hong Kong University Students' Union.
Chow was one of the main organizers of the Occupy Central campaign. On 1 July 2014, following an annual pro-democracy rally, he organised a sit-in on Chater Road in central Hong Kong which was forcibly dispersed by police. 511 people were arrested. He was quoted as saying at the time that "It’s not enough to repeat the march and the assembly every year. We have to upgrade it to a civil disobedience movement." He later wrote that "In the past 30 years, the democracy movement has been too slow and too painstaking. The power of civil disobedience lies … in the blood and tears of everyone who is behind the struggle."
In the early stages of the Umbrella Movement, he was an influential organiser and speaker. He was reported as announcing to protesters, "This is not a student movement; this is a Hong Kongers' movement"; he warned the New York Times that "residents may occupy various government departments". On 5 October, when the Federation of Students agreed to enter into dialogue with the government, Chow announced that the talks would be called off if attempts were made to forcefully remove protesters. In a speech at the main protest camp, he explained, "A dialogue is not a compromise. We will start arranging talks with the government, because we understand that there are people in both the government and here who want to solve society’s problems. We will not back down."
Having attempted and failed to organise meetings with officials through local channels, Chow and two other students were prevented from travelling to China to petition mainland government officials when they attempted to leave on 15 November. The group, consisting of Chow, Nathan Law and Eason Chung, learned from airline officials that mainland authorities had revoked their Home Return Permits, effectively banning them from boarding the flight for Beijing.
Chow and two other prominent Hong Kong pro-democracy student leaders, Nathan Law and Joshua Wong, were convicted on 21 July 2016 of unlawful assembly (incitement in Chow's case) at the Civic Square, Central Government Complex at Tamar, during a protest that triggered the 79-day Occupy sit-ins of 2014. After initially being sentenced to three weeks' imprisonment (suspended) on 15 August 2016, his term was increased to seven months a year later on appeal to the High Court by the government. The appeal by the government was condemned by overseas politicians and rights campaigners, who called the three “political prisoners”. Chris Patten, former governor of Hong Kong, said their names would be remembered “long after nobody can remember who I was, and perhaps nobody can remember who President Xi Jinping was”. At the time of Chow's imprisonment, the London School of Economics, at which Chow had been studying, reached out to both the UK and the Hong Kong government to seek reassurances over Chow's well-being after a petition with close to 5,000 signatures. Chow was about to go to the University of California, Berkeley, to start a doctoral program when he was unexpectedly imprisoned in August. The conviction, if not overturned on appeal, would result in disqualification from standing for election to the Legislative Council until July 2021. In February 2018, Chow, Law and Wong won an appeal at the the Court of Final Appeal to overturn their jail sentences, a five-judge panel said those sentences applied a new standard “retroactively”. The trio were previously given lighter sentences, with Wong and Law completing community service and Chow receiving a suspended prison term. A human right researcher said the Hong Kong government has redoubled efforts to weaken pro-democracy voices and it used this case to see how far it could go in pursuing political prosecutions although “no one should be prosecuted for a peaceful protest”.
Nobel Peace Prize nomination
In February 2018, Chow, Nathan Law, Joshua Wong and the entire Umbrella Movement were nominated for the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize, for "their peaceful efforts to bring political reform and protect the autonomy and freedoms guaranteed Hong Kong in the Sino-British Joint Declaration".
- 2014 Hong Kong protests
- 2017 imprisonment of Hong Kong democracy activists
- Occupy Central with Love and Peace
- Umbrella revolution
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| Secretary General of Hong Kong Federation of Students