Alex Garland

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Alex Garland
Born Alexander Medawar Garland
(1970-05-26) 26 May 1970 (age 46)
London, England, United Kingdom
Alma mater University of Manchester (B.A., History of Art, 1992)
Occupation Novelist, Screenwriter, Director
Years active 1996–present
Spouse(s) Paloma Baeza[1]
Children 2

Alexander "Alex" Medawar Garland[2] (born 26 May 1970) is an English novelist, screenwriter, film producer and director, best known for his work as the screenwriter of 28 Days Later (2002), Sunshine (2007), Never Let Me Go (2011) and Dredd (2012). Garland first rose to prominence in the late 90s with his novel The Beach which went on to receive universal acclaim with many critics lauding Garland as a key voice of Generation X.[3]

In 2015, Garland made his directorial debut with Ex Machina, a science fiction thriller which explored the relationship between mankind and the evolving intricacies of artificial intelligence.[4] Garland’s screenplay received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.

Early life[edit]

Alexander Garland was born on 26 May 1970 in London, England, the son of psychoanalyst Caroline (née Medawar) and political cartoonist Nicholas Garland, who has published cartoons for newspapers such as The Daily Telegraph and The Independent. His maternal grandparents were Peter Medawar and author Jean Medawar. Garland’s early aspiration was to become a journalist, noting “I didn’t intend to be anything. I thought I’d be a journalist. I grew up around journalists; for whatever reasons, a lot of my dad’s friends were foreign correspondents. I kind of thought that would be my job; hoped it would be my job.” He attended the University of Manchester and received his B.A. in History of Art in 1992. Throughout his career and work, Garland has expressed his love of travel (particularly backpacking) and his love of Manila, Philippines, much of which would influence his work.[5]

Career[edit]

Mainstream success: The Beach, The Tesseract[edit]

In 1996, Garland's first novel, The Beach was published. The Beach is based upon Garland’s own travels across Europe and the Philippines, it tells the story of a young English backpacker who discovers an unspoiled sea shore occupied by a community of like-minded backpackers. The novel is noted for its references to drug culture, sequences of hallucinations and unique depictions of excess and utopia, which have been commended by critics. The Beach was initially met with positive reviews, and with a spreading word of mouth response the novel grew into a cult classic. Garland would later speak of the overwhelming discomfort with the fame The Beach had allowed him to achieve, “I never felt comfortable with it (the novel).”[6] The Beach has been translated into 25 different languages[5] and sold close to 700,000 copies by the start of 1999.[7] It would later be developed into a film starring Leonardo Dicaprio.

In 1999, Garland followed up The Beach with The Tesseract, a non-linear narrative with several interwoven characters set in Manila, Philippines. The novel carries a distinct post-modernist style of storytelling and structure. It explores several themes such as love and violence through each character’s circumstance and context of surroundings as well as seemingly inconsequential actions and the repercussions of those actions on other characters. The Tesseract did not enjoy the critical or commercial success of The Beach, but it too became the source of a film adaptation.

Screenplays and directing[edit]

In 2002, he wrote the screenplay for Danny Boyle's 28 Days Later, starring Cillian Murphy.[8] He won a Best Screenplay honor at the 2004 Fangoria Chainsaw Awards for his script of the film. In 2005, Garland wrote a script for a film adaptation of Halo; he was paid $1 million. D. B. Weiss and Josh Olson rewrote this during 2006 for a 2008 release, though the film was later cancelled. In 2007, he wrote the screenplay for the film Sunshine – his second screenplay to be directed by Danny Boyle and to star Cillian Murphy. Garland served as an executive producer on 28 Weeks Later, the sequel to 28 Days Later. He wrote the screenplay for the 2010 film Never Let Me Go, based on the novel by Kazuo Ishiguro. He also wrote the script for Dredd, an adaptation of the Judge Dredd comic book series from 2000 AD.

Garland made his directorial debut with Ex Machina, a 2015 feature film based on his own story and screenplay. The film stars Oscar Isaac, Domhnall Gleeson and Alicia Vikander. The film won a Jury Prize at the 2015 Gerardmer Film Festival. The film's lead actress, Alicia Vikander, was nominated for a Best Actress award at the Empire Awards.[9]

Garland's next film will be an adaption of Jeff VanderMeer’s 2014 science fiction novel Annihilation. It is due out in 2017.[10] Production was confirmed to begin when actor David Gyasi was added to the cast.[11]

Video games[edit]

Garland is the co-writer on the video game Enslaved: Odyssey to the West for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. For his writing work on the game, he won a 2011 award from the Writer's Guild of Great Britain (along with co-writer Tameem Antoniades). Garland also served as a Story Supervisor on the game DmC: Devil May Cry in 2013.

Personal life[edit]

Garland is married to the actress Paloma Baeza. The couple have two children.

Novels[edit]

Year Novel Notes
1996 The Beach Ranked 103 in BBC's 2003 The Big Read poll.[12]
1998 The Tesseract
2004 The Coma

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Director Executive
producer
Writer Notes
2002 28 Days Later Yes NominatedSaturn Award for Best Screenplay
Nominated – Chlotrudis Awards for Best Original Screenplay
Chainsaw Award for Best Screenplay
NominatedHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation – Long Form (Shared with Danny Boyle)
2007 Sunshine Yes
28 Weeks Later Yes
2010 Never Let Me Go Yes Yes

NominatedSaturn Award for Best Screenplay
NominatedBritish Independent Film Award for Best Screenplay
NominatedEvening Standard British Film Award for Best Screenplay
Nominated – Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Screenplay – Adaptation

2012 Dredd Yes Yes
2015 Ex Machina Yes Yes NominatedAcademy Award for Best Original Screenplay
NominatedBritish Academy Film Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film (Shared with Andrew Macdonald & Allon Reich)
Nominated - Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Director or Producer
Nominated - EDA Award for Best Writing, Original Screenplay
Nominated - Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best New Filmmaker
Nominated - AACTA Award for Best Screenplay
British Independent Film Award for Best Director
British Independent Film Award for Best Screenplay
Nominated - Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Most Promising Filmmaker
Nominated - Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - CinEuphoria Award for Best International Film
Won - Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement of a First-Time Feature Film Director
Nominated - European Film Award for European Screenwriter
Nominated - Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best original Screenplay
Nominated - Georgia Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay
Gérardmer Film Festival Jury Prize
Silver Scream Award
3rd Prize - Indiewire Critics' Poll Award for Best Feature Film
Nominated - Indiewire Critics' Poll Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director
Nominated - Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Breakout Filmmaker
Nominated - London Critics Circle Film Award for Breakthrough British/Irish Filmmaker
Nominated - North Carolina Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Phoenix Critics Circle Award for Best Director
Nominated - Phoenix Critics Circle Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated - San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best original Screenplay
Nominated - San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Screenplay, Original
Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Director
Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Writing
Seattle Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay, Original
2nd Place - St. Louis Film Critics Association Award for Best original Screenplay
Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best First Feature
Nominated - Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Director
Nominated - Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Award for Best original Screenplay
2017 Annihilation Yes Yes Filming

Video games[edit]

Year Game Notes
2010 Enslaved: Odyssey to the West Co-Writer

Writers Guild of Great Britain Award for Best Continuing Drama (Shared with Tameem Antoniades)

2013 DmC: Devil May Cry Story-Supervisor

References[edit]

External links[edit]