Alexander, Earl of Menteith

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Alexander of Menteith (d. bef. 1306), a Scottish nobleman and member of the Stewart family, he was the Earl of Menteith.

Life[edit]

Alexander was the eldest son and heir of Walter Bailloch Stewart and Mary I, Countess of Menteith and was the Mormaer or Earl of Menteith succeeding his mother the de jure countess.[1] The first mention of him in records is with his brother John de Menteith in a compact dated on 20 September 1286, at Turnberry, Carrick, between Bruce and the Stewarts.[2] In another writ, of uncertain date, granted by their father to Kilwinning Abbey, he and his brother are styled Alexander and John de Menteith.[3] Alexander joined with his father in a charter granting the church of Kippen to the Cambuskenneth Abbey situated within the earldom as a place of burial; the writ being dated 1286.[4] He was appointed the Sheriff of Dumbarton in 1288. Prior to succeeding his father, Alexander was at Norham in 1291, and was among those who swore fealty to Edward I. Alexander was with his brother John at the Battle of Dunbar on 27 April 1296, and fled to Dunbar Castle where he and others were taken prisoner and he was committed to the Tower of London. His detention was not long, however, and he was liberated after promising to serve the English King, meeting with him at Elgin 27 July 1296.[2] He repeated this promise, and swore fealty at Berwick a month later, on 28 August, as Alexander Comes Meneteth.[5] Alexander then gave over two of his sons, Alan and Peter, as hostages.[1] Alexander seems to have retired from public life after this, tending only to his family affairs.[6] He died before 1306.[1]

Family[edit]

He married a lady named Matilda (Maud),[7] a daughter of Robert, Earl of Strathearn,[8] and together they had the following children:

        Alan Durward  =  Margery of
          E of Athol  I   Scotland
                      I
                      I
       Colban     =  Anne      =  Sir William
      E of Fife   I  Durward   I   de Ferrers
        d. 1270   I            I   (2nd husband)
   _______________I            I___________________________________________________________
   I                                                                                      I
   I              ______________________________________________________                  I
   I              I                            I                       I                  I
   I          Alexander   =    Matilda      Sir John de Menteith     Elena  = John        I
   I       E of Menteith  I of Strathearn      I                        de Drummond       I
   I                      I                  __I______________________                    I
   I                      I                  I      I        I       I                    I
   I                      I                 John   Walter   Elena  Joanna                 I
   I                      I                              = Gillespie                      I
   I                      I                                Campbell                       I
 __I________            __I____________________________________________________           I
 I         I            I         I             I              I              I           I
Duncan   Margery  =   Alan      Murdoch     Margaret         Malise         Elena = Sir William
E of              I   E of        E of     = Alexander    de Menteith of          I  de Ferrers
Fife (d. 1289)    I  Menteith   Menteith   de Abernethy     Methlick              I   d. 1325
 I                I                                            I                  I
 I             ___I                                            I                  I
 I             I                                               I                  I
Duncan       Alan                                      Walter de Menteith        Anne
 E of     E of Menteith                                    of Methlick           de Ferrers
 Fife    heir of Fife, 1315                            d. aft 13 Jul 1364       = Edward le
               I                                               I                  Despenser
               I                                               I
             Mary   =  Sir John                           John de Menteith
             C of      de Graham                           d. bef 1394
           Menteith     d. 1346

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VIII (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1932), p. 662
  2. ^ a b The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol VI (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1909), p. 133
  3. ^ Augustin Theiner, Vetera monumenta Hibernorum et Scotorum historiam illustrantia, (Rome: Vatican, 1864), p. 258
  4. ^ Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth, A, Parts 1147-1535 (Edinburgh, 1872), p. cxxix
  5. ^ Instrumenta publica sive processus super fidelitatibus et Homagiis Scotorum; Domino Regi Angliae Factis, A.D. MCCCXCI–MCCXCVI [Ragman Roll, Parts 1291-1296] (Edinburgh: 1834), pp. 103, 119
  6. ^ The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol VI (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1909), pp. 133–34
  7. ^ George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VIII (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1932), p. 664
  8. ^ a b c J. Ravilious, The Earls of Menteith: Murdoch, Earl of Menteith and the Ferrers family of Groby, The Scottish Genealogist (March 2013), Vol. LX, No. 1, pp. 12-25
  9. ^ George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VIII (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1932), p. 665
  10. ^ a b c The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol VI (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1909), p. 134
  11. ^ J. Ravilious, The Earls of Menteith: Alexander, Earl of Menteith and Sir Alexander de Abernethy, The Scottish Genealogist (September 2010), Vol. LVII, No. 3, pp. 130–139

This article incorporates text from The Scots Peerage (1904-1914), a publication now in the public domain.

See also[edit]

  • Brown, Michael, The Wars of Scotland, 1214-1371, (Edinburgh, 2004)
  • J. Ravilious, The Earls of Menteith: Alexander, Earl of Menteith and Sir Alexander de Abernethy, The Scottish Genealogist (September 2010), Vol. LVII, No. 3, pp. 130–139.
  • J. Ravilious, The Earls of Menteith: Murdoch, Earl of Menteith and the Ferrers family of Groby, The Scottish Genealogist (March 2013), Vol. LX, No. 1, pp. 12–25.
Preceded by
Mary
with
Walter Bailloch Stewart
Mormaer/Earl of Menteith
x 1295–1297 x 1304
Succeeded by
Alan