Alexander, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Alexander, Kansas
Location within Rush County and Kansas
Location within Rush County and Kansas
KDOT map of Rush County (legend)
Coordinates: 38°28′10″N 99°33′11″W / 38.46944°N 99.55306°W / 38.46944; -99.55306Coordinates: 38°28′10″N 99°33′11″W / 38.46944°N 99.55306°W / 38.46944; -99.55306[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyRush
Founded1869
Incorporated1926
Named forAlexander Harvey
Area
 • Total0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
 • Land0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation2,077 ft (633 m)
Population
 • Total54
 • Density210/sq mi (81/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67513
Area code785
FIPS code20-01050 [1]
GNIS ID475598 [1]

Alexander is a city in Rush County, Kansas, United States.[1] As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 54.[3]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

Alexander is the oldest city in Rush County, Kansas. It was established in 1869 after becoming an important stopping point on the Fort Hays/Fort Dodge Trail (officially a part of the Santa Fe Trail). The name of the town originated from Alexander Harvey a Scottish emigrant who operated a stockaded trading post on the trail crossing of the Wet Walnut Creek. Harvey was a prominent and connected figure in western settlement. He was a friend of renown trapper, trader, and Indian Agent William Bent who established Bent's Fort in Eastern Colorado. Harvey's daughter Adaline at age 20 married the 60 year-old Bent.

In its early days, Alexander was a trading post for trappers, buffalo hunters, wild horse wranglers, and other early Westerners. Buffalo Bill Cody, George Custer, and other prominent figures in American western settlement traveled through the community. Alexander Harvey himself was a former member of the 6th Cavalry.[4]

The first post office in Alexander was established in February 1874.[5]

At its peak in the late 1800s, the community included a bank, hospital, newspaper, lumberyard, a Santa Fe Railroad Depot, hotel, multiple churches, multiple grocery and general stores. At varying times, the community's commercial activity has included cream and egg buying stations, a railroad stockyard for shipping cattle and sheep to eastern markets, and multiple grain elevators.[citation needed]

21st century[edit]

Today, Alexander's abandoned three story brick school building is a landmark on K-96 highway. The former Alexander State Bank Building has been re-built and is now the operations and maintenance building for NJR Clean Energy. The community still has the largest grain elevator in Rush County. The elevator is a farmer's cooperative elevator owned by area farmers. Grumbine's Metal Scrap Yard is the other commercial entity in the community.[citation needed]

In 2015, the "Alexander Wind Farm" was constructed south of Alexander. It cost about $85 Million and generates 48 Megawatt of power.[6][7] The Alexander Wind Farm became commercially operable on January 1, 2016.

Geography[edit]

Alexander is located at 38°28′10″N 99°33′11″W / 38.46944°N 99.55306°W / 38.46944; -99.55306 (38.469371, -99.552415).[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2), all of it land.[8]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Alexander has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930202
1940171−15.3%
19501889.9%
1960153−18.6%
1970129−15.7%
1980116−10.1%
199085−26.7%
200075−11.8%
201065−13.3%
202054−16.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 65 people, 31 households, and 20 families residing in the city. The population density was 260.0 inhabitants per square mile (100.4/km2). There were 42 housing units at an average density of 168.0 per square mile (64.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 31 households, of which 16.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.70.

The median age in the city was 53.3 years. 13.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 12.2% were from 25 to 44; 41.6% were from 45 to 64; and 24.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 40.0% male and 60.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 75 people, 34 households, and 19 families residing in the city. The population density was 306.0 people per square mile (115.8/km2). There were 42 housing units at an average density of 171.4 per square mile (64.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.

There were 34 households, out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 26.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 29.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $12,083, and the median income for a family was $28,125. Males had a median income of $18,542 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,803. There were 30.8% of families and 31.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including 40.0% of under eighteens and 11.1% of those over 64.

Education[edit]

The community is served by La Crosse USD 395 public school district.[11]

Alexander High School was closed in 1966 through school unification. The Alexander High School mascot was Whippets.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Alexander, Kansas", Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Profile of Alexander, Kansas in 2020". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 5, 2021. Retrieved December 5, 2021.
  4. ^ "History of Rush County". Rush County Economic Development. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  6. ^ "NJR Clean Energy acquires Kansas wind farm; October 24, 2014". Archived from the original on 2015-01-23. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  7. ^ "Siemens touts order for 21 wind turbines for Kansas project; KAKE tv; January 23, 2015". Archived from the original on 2015-01-24. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Alexander, Kansas
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  11. ^ "La Crosse Public Schools". USD 395.
  12. ^ "Kansas' abandoned schools". The Hutchinson News. Retrieved 11 January 2017.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]