Alexander Acosta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Alexander Acosta
Alexander Acosta official portrait.jpg
27th United States Secretary of Labor
In office
April 28, 2017 – July 19, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
DeputyPatrick Pizzella
Preceded byTom Perez
Succeeded byEugene Scalia
Dean of the Florida International University College of Law
In office
July 1, 2009 – April 28, 2017
Preceded byLeonard Strickman
Succeeded byAntony Page
United States Attorney for the Southern District of Florida
In office
June 11, 2005 – June 5, 2009
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Barack Obama
Preceded byMarcos Jiménez
Succeeded byWifredo A. Ferrer
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division
In office
August 22, 2003 – June 11, 2005
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byBradley Schlozman (acting)
Succeeded byWan J. Kim
Member of the National Labor Relations Board
In office
December 17, 2002 – August 21, 2003
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byWilliam Cowen
Succeeded byRonald Meisburg
Personal details
Born
Rene Alexander Acosta

(1969-01-16) January 16, 1969 (age 50)
Miami, Florida, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Jan Williams
EducationHarvard University (BA, JD)
WebsiteGovernment website

Rene Alexander Acosta (born January 16, 1969)[1] is an American attorney and politician who served as the 27th United States secretary of labor from 2017 to 2019. President Donald Trump nominated Acosta to be Labor Secretary on February 16, 2017, and he was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on April 27, 2017. Acosta is the only Hispanic person to have served in President Trump's Cabinet.

A member of the Republican Party, he was appointed by President George W. Bush to the National Labor Relations Board and later served as the assistant attorney general for civil rights and U.S. attorney for the Southern District of Florida. He is the former dean of Florida International University College of Law.

In 2007–2008, as U.S. attorney, Acosta approved a plea deal that required Jeffrey Epstein to plead guilty to a state charge of solicitation for the purposes of prostitution involving a 14-year-old girl, a deal which required he register as a sex offender and pay restitution to victims as part of a federal non-prosecution agreement. The prosecutors had identified 36 victims of Epstein, most of them having no prior knowledge of the agreement and no opportunity to give input. The deal has been the subject of long-term criticism by the Miami Herald and others due to its leniency and secrecy. After Epstein's arrest in July 2019 on sex trafficking charges, Acosta faced renewed and harsher criticism for his role in the 2008 non-prosecution agreement, as well as calls for his resignation; he resigned on July 19 and was replaced by Eugene Scalia.

Background[edit]

Acosta is the only son of Cuban refugees.[2][3] He is a native of Miami, Florida, where he attended the Gulliver Schools. Acosta received a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from Harvard College in 1990 and received a Juris Doctor degree cum laude from Harvard Law School 1994.[4] He is the first member of his family to graduate from college.[3]

Following law school, Acosta served as a law clerk to Samuel Alito, then a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, from 1994 to 1995.[5] Acosta then worked at the office of the law firm Kirkland & Ellis in Washington, D.C., where he specialized in employment and labor issues.[6] While in Washington, Acosta taught classes on employment law, disability-based discrimination law, and civil rights law at the George Mason University School of Law.[7]

On December 31, 2013, Acosta became the new chairman of U.S. Century Bank,[8] the largest domestically owned Hispanic community bank in Florida and one of the 15 largest Hispanic community banks in the nation. During his tenure as chairman, U.S. Century Bank had its first year-end profit since the start of the Great Recession.[2] Acosta was a member of the Board of Trustees of Gulliver Schools, where he served a past term as board chairman.[9]

Bush administration[edit]

Acosta served in four presidentially appointed, U.S. Senate-confirmed positions in the George W. Bush administration. From December 2001 to December 2002, he served as Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice.[10] From December 2002 to August 2003, he was a member of the National Labor Relations Board for which he participated in or authored more than 125 opinions.[11]

Then, he became Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division on August 22, 2003,[12] where he was known for increasing federal prosecutions against human trafficking.[13] Acosta authorized federal intervention in an Oklahoma religious liberties case to help assure the right to wear hijab in public school,[14] and worked with Mississippi authorities to reopen the investigation of the 1955 death of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old black youth whose abduction and killing helped spark the civil rights movement.[15][16] He was the first Hispanic to serve as Assistant Attorney General.[17]

While leading the Civil Rights division, Acosta allowed his predecessor, Bradley Schlozman, to continue to make decisions on hiring.[18] A report by the inspector general and the Office of Professional Responsibility later found that Schlozman illegally gave preferential treatment to conservatives and made false statements to the Senate Judiciary Committee. Those findings were relayed to the office of the United States attorney for the District of Columbia,[10] but Schlozman was not prosecuted.[18] While it put the primary responsibility on Schlozman, the report also concluded that Acosta "did not sufficiently supervise Schlozman" and that "in light of indications [he and Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Sheldon Bradshaw] had about Schlozman's conduct and judgment, they failed to ensure that Schlozman's hiring and personnel decisions were based on proper considerations."[10][18]

U.S. attorney for Southern District of Florida[edit]

In 2005, Acosta was appointed as the U.S. attorney for Southern District of Florida, where his office successfully prosecuted the lobbyist Jack Abramoff, the terrorism suspect José Padilla, the founders of the Cali Cartel, and Charles McArther Emmanuel, the son of Liberia's former leader.[10][19]

The district also targeted white collar crime, prosecuting several bank-related cases, including one against Swiss bank UBS. The case resulted in UBS paying $780 million in fines, and for the first time in history, the bank provided the United States with the names of individuals who were using secret Swiss bank accounts to avoid U.S. federal income taxes.[20]

Other notable cases during his tenure include the corruption prosecution of Palm Beach County Commission chairman Tony Masilotti, Palm Beach County commissioner Warren Newell, Palm Beach County commissioner Mary McCarty,[21] and Broward sheriff Ken Jenne; the conviction of Cali Cartel founders Miguel and Gilberto Rodríguez Orejuela, for the importation of 200,000 kilos of cocaine, which resulted in a $2.1 billion forfeiture; and the white-collar crime prosecutions of executives connected to Hamilton Bank.[22]

Acosta also emphasized health care fraud prosecutions. Under Acosta's leadership the district prosecuted more than 700 individuals, responsible for a total of more than $2 billion in Medicare fraud.[23]

Prosecution of Jeffrey Epstein[edit]

In 2007–2008, while serving as the U.S. attorney for Southern Florida, Acosta approved a federal non-prosecution agreement[24] with Jeffrey Epstein, which has since been a subject of ongoing controversy. Epstein was a wealthy hedge fund manager with influential connections, including Prince Andrew, Tom Barrack, Leon Black, Bill Clinton, Alan Dershowitz, Wilbur Ross, and Donald Trump, among others. He was believed to have recruited minor girls for lewd massages and other paid sexual activities at his Florida mansion.[25][26] Under the agreement, Epstein, along with four co-conspirators and any unnamed "potential co-conspirators," did not face federal criminal charges.[24] The agreement required Epstein to plead guilty to two state prostitution charges, serve jail time, register as a sex offender, and pay restitution to victims identified by the FBI.[24] Prosecutors had identified 36 victims of Epstein, most of whom had been inappropriately deprived of knowledge of the plea deal or opportunity to give input.[25]

The federal agreement with Epstein was not a typical criminal law plea bargain, but instead employed a structure commonly used in regulatory settlements with corporations.[24] In an op-ed, the approach was described by a member of the prosecution team as a method to address the state of Florida's prior decision not to bring felony charges against Epstein for the same activities.[27]

The federal agreement and Epstein's subsequent lenient treatment while incarcerated by the State of Florida have been the subject of criticism, with the Miami Herald calling the agreement "the deal of a lifetime."[25] The fact that the agreement with Epstein also protected unnamed "potential co-conspirators" from federal prosecution drew speculation that perhaps the deal was intended to protect influential people in Epstein's orbit.[25] However, others have described that clause as intended to protect those of Epstein's victims who had been enticed to help him recruit other victims for abuse.[28]

Acosta has variously stated that he was not directly involved in the unusual agreement, that prosecutors determined it to be the best available solution, and that he "was unduly pressured by Epstein's heavy-hitting lawyers." He also has argued the prosecution team believed conviction by trial in federal court was unlikely and an agreement would therefore be the best way to put an end to Epstein's exploitation of underage girls.[29][30][25]

Subsequent to the federal non-prosecution agreement of 2007–2008, claims were made in news reports, books,[28][31] and civil lawsuits that Epstein's activities prior to his 2008 conviction may have been significantly more extensive than those known at the time of the agreement—perhaps affecting hundreds of minors, said to have been recruited from the U.S. and overseas to attend sex parties and perform sexual favors for Epstein and his guests at Epstein's homes in Florida, New York, New Mexico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and aboard his private jet. None of the civil lawsuits related to these additional claims have gone to trial.

In late 2018, as rumors circulated that Acosta was being considered as a possible successor to Attorney General Jeff Sessions, the Miami Herald published an investigation detailing Acosta's role in the Epstein case. Among other revelations, the Herald reported that Acosta took the unusual step of meeting with Epstein's attorney Jay Lefkowitz at the Marriott Hotel 70 miles from the U.S. Attorney's office in Miami and that it was he who finalized the agreement. According to the article: "In email after email, Acosta and the lead federal prosecutor, A. Marie Villafaña, acquiesced to Epstein's legal team's demands, which often focused on ways to limit the scandal by shutting out his victims and the media, including suggesting that the charges be filed in Miami, instead of Palm Beach, where Epstein's victims lived."[25]

A key issue was that prosecutors agreed not to inform victims that the deal was in the works. The Herald describes an email from Epstein's attorney after his off-site meeting with Acosta: "'Thank you for the commitment you made to me during our Oct. 12 meeting,' Lefkowitz wrote in a letter to Acosta after their breakfast meeting in West Palm Beach. He added that he was hopeful that Acosta would abide by a promise to keep the deal confidential. 'You ... assured me that your office would not ... contact any of the identified individuals, potential witnesses or potential civil claimants and the respective counsel in this matter,' Lefkowitz wrote." The Herald article contended that certain aspects of Acosta's non-prosecution agreement violated federal law. "As part of the arrangement, Acosta agreed, despite a federal law to the contrary, that the deal would be kept from the victims. As a result, the non-prosecution agreement was sealed until after it was approved by the judge, thereby averting any chance that the girls — or anyone else — might show up in court and try to derail it." Victims, former prosecutors, and the retired Palm Beach police chief were among those quoted criticizing the agreement and Acosta's role in it.[25]

Following the Herald investigation and related news coverage, members of Congress submitted a formal request to the U.S. Department of Justice for review of Acosta's role in the Epstein deal,[32] and several editorials called for Acosta's resignation or termination from his then-current position as U.S. Labor Secretary.[33][34]

Jeffrey Sloman, one of the prosecutors in the case, defended the agreement in a February 2019 op-ed piece in the Miami Herald: "Our priorities were to make sure Epstein could not hurt anyone else and to compensate Epstein's victims without retraumatizing them. Our team worked diligently to build a federal case against Epstein. Throughout the investigation, we took care to be respectful of the pain Epstein's victims had endured. As we continued, however, it became clear that most of Epstein's victims were terrified to cooperate against him. Some hired lawyers to avoid appearing before a grand jury. One of the key witnesses moved to Australia and refused to return calls from us. We also researched and discussed significant legal impediments to prosecuting [in federal court] what was, at heart, a local sex abuse case. Given the obstacles we faced in fashioning a robust federal prosecution, we decided to negotiate a resolution. ... You can disagree with the result we reached, but our whole team — from Alex [Acosta] on down the chain of command — always acted with integrity and in good faith." [27]

In December 2018, a Labor Department spokesperson replied to questions about renewed interest in the Epstein case as follows: "For more than a decade, this prosecution has been reviewed in great detail by newspaper articles, television reports, books, and Congressional testimony, and has been defended by the Department of Justice in litigation across three administrations and several attorneys general. If the Department of Justice's Office of the Inspector General chooses to review this matter, Secretary Acosta welcomes the opportunity to participate."[35]

In February 2019, the Justice Department's Office of Professional Responsibility notified Senator Ben Sasse that it had opened an investigation into Epstein's prosecution.[36][37]

On February 21, 2019, a ruling in federal court returned Acosta's role in the Epstein case to the headlines.[38] The decision to keep the deal with Epstein secret until after it was finalized has been considered by some to be a violation of the Crime Victims' Rights Act of 2004 (CVRA), which requires notifying victims of the progress of federal criminal cases. The CVRA was new and relatively untested at the time of the Epstein non-prosecution agreement. In 2008, two of Epstein's victims filed a lawsuit in federal court aiming to vacate the federal non-prosecution agreement on the grounds that it violated the CVRA.[25] For more than a decade, the U.S. Attorney's office denied that it acted in violation of victims' rights laws and argued that the CVRA did not apply in the Epstein case.[39] The government's contention that the CVRA did not apply was based on questions of timing (whether or not CVRA applied prior to filing of federal charges), relevance (whether the CVRA applied to non-prosecution agreements), and jurisdiction (whether the case should be considered a federal case or a state case under the CVRA). The court rejected those arguments in the February 21, 2019 ruling, finding that the CVRA did apply and that victims should have been notified of the Epstein non-prosecution agreement in advance of its signing, to afford them the opportunity to influence its terms. At the conclusion of his ruling, the federal judge in the case noted that he was "not ruling that the decision not to prosecute was improper," but was "simply ruling that, under the facts of this case, there was a violation of the victims rights [for reasonable, accurate, and timely notice] under the CVRA."[40]

Because the CVRA does not specify penalties for failure to meet victims notification requirements, the judge offered both parties opportunities to suggest remedies—Epstein's victims who were party to the suit asked for rescission of the federal non-prosecution agreement with Epstein, while the government suggested other approaches, maintaining that other victims were against rescinding the agreement due to privacy concerns and possible impacts to restitution paid under the agreement.[41]

On July 6, 2019, Epstein was arrested by the FBI-NYPD Crimes Against Children Task Force on sex trafficking charges stemming from activities alleged to have occurred in 2002–2005.[42]

Dean of the Florida International University College of Law[edit]

On July 1, 2009, Acosta became the second dean of Florida International University College of Law.[43] He spearheaded the effort to establish the Master of Studies in Law in banking compliance, Bank Secrecy Act and anti-money-laundering at FIU Law.[17]

Secretary of Labor[edit]

Nomination and confirmation[edit]

Acosta meeting with apprentice program participants as the secretary of labor.

President Donald Trump announced in a press conference on February 16, 2017, that he would nominate Acosta to fill the position of Secretary of Labor after the nomination of Andrew Puzder was withdrawn.[44][45][46][47][48] Acosta was recommended by White House counsel Don McGahn.[49] Acosta is the first, and – as of May 2019 – the only Hispanic person to serve in Trump's cabinet.[50][51][52][53] Jovita Carranza was nominated to Trump's cabinet on April 4, 2019, but not yet confirmed, to serve as the Administrator of the Small Business Administration.[54]

The Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions held confirmation hearings on March 22, 2017, and Acosta's nomination was reported out of the committee on March 30, 2017. [55]

On April 27, 2017, Acosta was confirmed as Secretary of Labor by the U.S. Senate in a 60–38 vote. He received the support of eight Democratic Senators and all Republican senators except Senator Pat Toomey, who did not participate in the vote.[56] On April 28, 2017, Acosta was sworn in by Vice President Mike Pence.[57]

Tenure[edit]

In 2019, Acosta proposed cutting the funding of his department's International Labor Affairs Bureau from $68 million in 2018 to under $20 million in 2020. That agency combats human trafficking (including child sex trafficking), child labor and forced labor internationally.[58][59]

During Acosta's confirmation hearing, he discussed the need and his support of apprenticeship as a workforce development tool to close the skills gap.[30] On June 15, 2017, President Trump signed Executive Order 13801, "Presidential Executive Order Expanding Apprenticeships in America," establishing the Task Force on Apprenticeship Expansion with Acosta serving as the chair.[60][61] The task force held five public meetings and issued their final report to President Trump on May 10, 2018.[62][61]

Following the task force final report, the U.S. Department of Labor announced the following initiatives to expand and promote apprenticeship opportunities:

Acosta announced that the Trump administration maintained a goal of one million new apprentices.[66]

Acosta resigned as Labor Secretary, effective July 19, 2019, following criticism of his role in the Epstein case.[67]

Recognition[edit]

Acosta has twice been named one of the nation's 50 most influential Hispanics by Hispanic Business Magazine. He serves or served on the Florida Innocence Commission,[68] on the Florida Supreme Court's Commission on Professionalism,[69] Florida Supreme Court's Access to Justice Commission,[17] and on the Commission for Hispanic Rights and Responsibilities.[70] In 2008, Acosta was named as one of the 100 most influential people in business ethics by the Ethisphere Institute.[71]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weaver, Jay; Yanez, Luisa (May 28, 2009). "U.S. Attorney Alexander Acosta to lead FIU's law school". The Miami Herald.
  2. ^ a b "Trump's labor pick is FIU law dean and a former Miami U.S. attorney". Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta". DOL.gov. United States Department of Labor. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Alexander Acosta '94 nominated to be labor secretary". Harvard Law Today. February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  5. ^ Adams, T. Becket (February 16, 2017). "6 things to know about Alexander Acosta, Trump's new pick for labor secretary". Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  6. ^ King, John; Raju, Manu; Merica, Dan (February 16, 2017). "Trump names first Hispanic Cabinet pick". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  7. ^ Smith, Nancy (February 16, 2017). "FIU Law School Dean, Alexander Acosta, Trump's Secretary of Labor Pick". Sunshine State News. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  8. ^ "Former U.S. Attorney becomes chairman of U.S. Century Bank". By Brian Bandell of South Florida Business Journal. December 12, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  9. ^ "Our Leadership". Gulliver School. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d Office of the Inspector General; Office of Professional Responsibility (January 13, 2009). An Investigation of Allegations of Politicized Hiring and Other Improper Personnel Actions in the Civil Rights Division (PDF) (Report). Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  11. ^ Morrow, Brendan (February 16, 2017). "R. Alexander Acosta: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know".
  12. ^ Vitali, Ali; Alexander, Peter (February 16, 2017). "Trump Announces Alexander Acosta as New Labor Secretary Pick". NBC News. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "A passion of Trump's new Labor secretary pick: Trafficking 'is evil. It is hideous.'". miamiherald. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  14. ^ "Statement of R. Alexander Acosta before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights Hearing Entitled: "Protecting the Civil Rights of Muslim Americans", March 29. 2011" (PDF). Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  15. ^ Newman, Maria (May 10, 2004). "U.S. to Reopen Investigation of Emmett Till's Murder in 1955". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  16. ^ "#311: 05-10-04 Justice Department To Investigate 1955 Emmett Till Murder" (Press release). Department of Justice. May 10, 2004. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "R. Alexander Acosta". Archive.org. Florida International University College of Law. February 16, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  18. ^ a b c Serwer, Adam (February 16, 2017). "The Scandal That May Haunt the New Nominee for Labor Secretary". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  19. ^ Rappeport, Alan (February 16, 2017). "R. Alexander Acosta, Law School Dean, Is Trump's New Pick for Labor". New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  20. ^ Graham, David (February 16, 2017). "Trump's New Pick for Secretary of Labor: Alexander Acosta". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Mary McCarty's Fall From Grace". FloridaTrend. FloridaTrend. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  22. ^ Wilkie, Dana (February 16, 2017). "Alexander Acosta Is Trump's New Pick for Labor Secretary". Society for Human Resource Management. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  23. ^ "The Issue: Health Care Fraud Costly". Sun Sentinel. May 24, 2009. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d ""Non Prosecution Agreement In Re Investigation of Jeffrey Epstein," September 24, 2007". Scribd. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h "How a future Trump Cabinet member gave a serial sex abuser the deal of a lifetime". Miami Herald. November 28, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  26. ^ "Sex abuser Jeffrey Epstein was surrounded by powerful people. Here's a sampling". Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  27. ^ a b "Alex Acosta acted with professionalism and integrity in handling the Jeffrey Epstein case". Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  28. ^ a b Sarnoff, Conchita (2016). TrafficKing. Zumbaba.com. ISBN 978-168273-599-2.
  29. ^ Aitken, Conchita Sarnoff|Lee (March 25, 2011). "Jeffrey Epstein: How the Hedge Fund Mogul Pedophile Got Off Easy". Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 115–268" (PDF). Congress.gov. United States Congress. March 22, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  31. ^ Patterson, James (2016). Filthy Rich: The Billionaire's Sex Scandal--The Shocking True Story of Jeffrey Epstein.
  32. ^ Birnbaum, Emily (December 4, 2018). "Lawmakers call for investigation into Labor Secretary Acosta for sex offender plea deal". TheHill. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  33. ^ Goldberg, Michelle (December 3, 2018). "Opinion | Why Does Alex Acosta Still Have a Job?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  34. ^ "Alex Acosta, you made a mockery of Florida's sex offender laws. It's time to resign". Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  35. ^ North, Anna (December 11, 2018). "Trump's labor secretary once helped a sex offender stay out of prison. The Senate wants answers". Vox. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  36. ^ "Justice Department opens probe into Jeffrey Epstein's plea deal". NBC News.
  37. ^ Kullgren, Ian. "DOJ opens investigation into Alexander Acosta plea deal". Politico. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  38. ^ Berman, Mark (February 22, 2019). "Judge: Prosecutors' deal with Jeffrey Epstein in molestation case violated law, misled victims". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  39. ^ Musgrave, Jane. "BREAKING: Feds explain sweet deal for billionaire sex offender Epstein". Palm Beach Daily News. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  40. ^ Bureau, DocumentCloud Admin (McClatchy Washington. "Read the judge's ruling". www.documentcloud.org. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  41. ^ Briquelet, Kate (June 25, 2019). "Feds Want to Uphold Billionaire Pedophile Jeffrey Epstein's Shady Plea Deal". Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  42. ^ Siegel, Pervaiz Shallwani|Kate Briquelet|Harry (July 6, 2019). "Jeffrey Epstein Arrested for Sex Trafficking of Minors". Retrieved July 7, 2019.
  43. ^ "FIU Law Dean Acosta nominated for U.S. labor secretary post". Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  44. ^ "President Donald J. Trump Nominates R. Alexander Acosta to be Secretary of Labor". Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  45. ^ "Trump announced Alexander Acosta as new Labor Secretary pick on Thursday". Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  46. ^ Baker, Peter (February 16, 2017). "R. Alexander Acosta, Law School Dean, Is Trump's New Pick for Labor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  47. ^ Rucker, Philip (February 16, 2017). "In an erratic performance, President Trump shows his supporters who's boss". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  48. ^ Baker, Peter (February 16, 2017). "'I Inherited a Mess,' Trump Says, Defending His Performance". Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  49. ^ Cook, Nancy (May 16, 2017). "Trump's top lawyer faces a giant cleanup job". Politico.
  50. ^ "Trump to name Alexander Acosta as labor secretary nominee". Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  51. ^ CNN, John King, Manu Raju and Dan Merica. "Trump to announce Alexander Acosta as labor secretary pick". Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  52. ^ "Trump to name Alexander Acosta as new Labor secretary nominee". Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  53. ^ News, A. B. C. (March 3, 2017). "A look at Trump's Cabinet picks". ABC News. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  54. ^ Choi, Matthew (April 4, 2019). "Trump names Jovita Carranza, U.S. treasurer, to head SBA". Politico. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  55. ^ "PN88 — R. Alexander Acosta — Department of Labor". Congress.gov. United States Congress. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  56. ^ United States Senate. "On the Nomination (Confirmation R. Alexander Acosta, of Florida, to be Secretary of Labor)".
  57. ^ "R. Alexander Acosta sworn in as the 27th Secretary of the US Department of Labor". DOL.gov. United States Department of Labor. April 28, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  58. ^ Kindy, Kimberly; Somnez, Felicia; Rein, Lisa (April 3, 2019). "Acosta confronted by lawmakers over plea deal in Jeffrey Epstein sexual misconduct case". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  59. ^ Pilkington, Ed (July 10, 2019). "Trump labor secretary who cut Epstein deal plans to slash funds for sex trafficking victims". The Guardian. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  60. ^ "Presidential Executive Order Expanding Apprenticeships in America". WhiteHouse.gov. White House. June 15, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  61. ^ a b "Task Force on Apprenticeship Expansion Final Report to the President of the United States" (PDF). DOL.gov. United States Department of Labor. May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  62. ^ "Task Force on Apprenticeship Expansion". DOL.gov. United States Department of Labor. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  63. ^ "Training and Employment Notice No. 03-18: Creating Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs to Expand Opportunity in America". DOLETA.gov. United States Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration. July 27, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  64. ^ "U.S. Department of Labor Announces Apprenticeship.gov". DOL.gov. United States Department of Labor. August 30, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  65. ^ "Homepage". Apprenticeship.gov. United States Department of Labor. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  66. ^ Barton, Mary Ann (March 4, 2019). "Trump administration to push for 'a million apprenticeships'". NACo.org. National Association of Counties. Retrieved May 22, 2019.[permanent dead link]
  67. ^ Block, Valerie (July 12, 2019). "Trump Labor Secretary Alex Acosta resigns amid pressure from Jeffrey Epstein sex traffic case". CNBC. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  68. ^ "Publications". August 5, 2014. Archived from the original on August 9, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  69. ^ "Who is Labor secretary pick Alexander Acosta?". February 16, 2017. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  70. ^ "Commission on Hispanic Legal Rights & Responsibilities". www.americanbar.org. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  71. ^ "100 Most Influential People in Business Ethics 2008". Archive.org. Ethisphere Institute. December 31, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2019.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Bradley Schlozman
Acting
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division
2003–2005
Succeeded by
Wan J. Kim
Preceded by
Marcos Jiménez
United States Attorney for the Southern District of Florida
2005–2009
Succeeded by
Wifredo A. Ferrer
Academic offices
Preceded by
Leonard Strickman
Dean of Florida International University College of Law
2009–2017
Succeeded by
Tawia Ansah
Acting
Political offices
Preceded by
William B. Cowen
Member of the National Labor Relations Board
2002–2003
Succeeded by
Ronald Meisburg
Preceded by
Tom Perez
United States Secretary of Labor
2017–2019
Succeeded by
Eugene Scalia