|Head of the Investigative Committee of Russia|
|Assumed office |
15 January 2011
|Born||27 August 1953|
Pskov, Soviet Union (now Russia)
|Alma mater||Saint Petersburg State University|
General of justice of the Russian Federation
Alexander Ivanovich Bastrykin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Бастры́кин, born August 27, 1953, in Pskov) is a Russian official, former First Deputy Prosecutor General of Russia, and former Chairman of The Investigative Committee of the Prosecutor General's Office. Since January 15, 2011, he is the head of the Investigative Committee of Russia.
In 2007, President Vladimir Putin established the Investigative Committee of the Prosecutor General's Office, de facto independent from the Prosecutor General's Office, and Bastrykin became its first chairman. The appointment was reportedly instigated by Igor Sechin, wishing to retain his influence after the dismissal of his close ally Vladimir Ustinov from the position of prosecutor general in 2006.
On November 28, 2009, as head of the Investigative Committee at the scene of the 2009 Nevsky Express bombing, Bastrykin was injured by a second bomb and was hospitalised. The second bomb was reportedly targeted at investigators, and was detonated by mobile phone.
In July 2022, amid the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, he announced that the Investigative Committee had opened 1300 criminal investigations against Ukrainian prisoners of war, saying that 92 of them had already been charged with crimes against humanity. The announcement drew criticism from human rights experts, with Amnesty International saying that the Russian government "shared no evidence to support these charges" and that "willfully depriving a prisoner of war of fair trial rights constitutes a war crime."
Bastrykin holds a doctor of law degree, and has published more than 100 scholarly works in Russia. In 2007 Bastrykin was publicly accused of plagiarism, because parts of his then new book "Signs of the Hand. Dactyloscopy" (2004) had been rewritten from the famous book of German writer Jürgen Thorwald. In 2013 these accusations were confirmed and supplemented by Dissernet community and its founder Sergei Parkhomenko: it was found that Bastrykin's book also contains an entire chapter from the book by Anthony Summers "The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover" (in Russian translation “The FBI Empire – Myths, Secrets, Intrigues”).
Sanctions and blacklistings
On January 9, 2017, under the Magnitsky Act, the United States Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control updated its Specially Designated Nationals List and blacklisted Aleksandr I. Bastrykin, Andrei K. Lugovoi, Dmitri V. Kovtun, Stanislav Gordievsky, and Gennady Plaksin, which froze any of their assets held by American financial institutions or transactions with those institutions and banned their travelling to the United States.
Secret residence permit and real estate in the Czech Republic
On 26 July 2012 Russian blogger and anticorruption activist Alexey Navalny published documents indicating that Bastrykin had a residence permit and owned real estate in the Czech Republic. Mr. Navalny wrote that the real estate holding and residence permit in a country belonging to NATO, a military alliance opposed to Russia, should raise questions about Mr. Bastrykin's security clearance for work in law enforcement and access to state secrets.
Political views and legislative initiatives
In 2015, Bastrykin proposed to amend article 15 of the Constitution of Russia by establishing the priority of national laws over universally recognized principles and norms of international law and international agreements ratified by Russian Federation (it is possible only through the adoption of the new Constitution because article 15 appears in chapter 1, established the fundamental principles of the constitutional order).
In 2016, Bastrykin expressed the need to establish official national ideology and censor the Internet, on the grounds that there is information warfare against Russia launched by USA and its allies. As such proposals clash with the provisions of chapters 1 and 2 of the Constitution of Russia, established the fundamental principles of the constitutional order and the fundamental rights of citizens, the complaint was lodged against Bastrykin with the General Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation but General Prosecutor's Office refused to initiate an investigation.
Honors and awards
- Order for Merit to the Fatherland, 2nd and 4th class
- Order of Alexander Nevsky
- Order of Honor
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 300th Anniversary of Saint Petersburg"
- Medal of Anatoly Koni (Ministry of Justice)
- Medal in Commemoration of the 200th Anniversary of the Ministry of Justice
- Medals "For Diligence" 1st and 2nd classes (Ministry of Justice)
- Russian Federation Presidential Certificate of Honor (2009)
- Honorary Title of Honored Jurist of the Russian Federation
- Order of Friendship (Armenia, 2016)
- Order of Honor (Ingushetia, 2013)
- Order of Honor (South Ossetia, 2009)
- "Бастрыкин, Александр". Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- "Однокашник президента возглавит прокурорское следствие". Коммерсантъ: 6. 22 June 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2018 – via Kommersant.
- "Сечинский комитет при Генпрокуратуре". Политком.RU: информационный сайт политических комментариев. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- Abdullaev, Nabi (2009-12-02). "2nd Train Blast Injured Bastrykn". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- "Russia's top detective hurt in train bombing". ABC News. AFP. 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- Manfred Quiring. Putins russische Welt. Berlin 2017. p. 31.(in german)
- "Russia: Charging 92 members of Ukraine's military with 'crimes against humanity' brazenly undermines fair trial rights". Amnesty International. 25 July 2022. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
- Чисников В.Н. Рецензия на книгу А.И. Бастрыкин "Знаки руки. Дактилоскопия" – СПб.: Ореол, 2004 – 307 с. // Ученые записки Таврического национального университета им. В. И. Вернадского Серия «Юридические науки». Том 20 (59), № 2. 2007 г. С. 322-326. http://www.iuaj.net/node/746
- "Published results of the expertise of Alexander Bastrykin's monograph on Dissernet server". Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- Lipman, Masha (29 November 2013). "Heckling Russia's J. Edgar Hoover". Retrieved 26 March 2018 – via www.newyorker.com.
- Landler, Mark (January 9, 2017). "U.S. to Blacklist 5 Russians, a Close Putin Aide Among Them". New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Magnitsky-related Designations; Counter Terrorism Designations 1/9/2017, Office of Foreign Assets Control: Specially Designated Nationals List Update". Office of Foreign Assets Control. United States Treasury. January 9, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Piper, Elizabeth; Bruce, Andy (July 6, 2020). "Britain imposes sanctions on Russians, including top investigator, Saudis over rights". Reuters. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
- Kramer, Andrew E. (26 July 2012). "In Russia, Aleksei Navalny Accuses Aleksandr Bastrykin of Secret European Holdings". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- Председателю Следственного комитета при прокуратуре Российской Федерации генерал-полковнику юстиции А.И. Бастрыкину — о незаконченных делах Archived 2013-01-18 at the Wayback Machine, Dmitry Muratov, Novaya Gazeta, June 13, 2012
- Бастрыкин извинился за эмоциональный срыв, Lenta.ru, June 14, 2012
- Kozlova, Natalya (27 April 2015). "Александр Бастрыкин предлагает установить приоритет национального права над международным". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian).
- Bastrykin, Alexander (18 April 2016). "Пора поставить действенный заслон информационной войне". Kommersant (in Russian).
- Sharogradskiy, Andrey; Gostev, Alexander (18 April 2016). "Черно-белый мир Александра Бастрыкина". Radio Liberty (in Russian).
- Shcherbina, Yevgeniya (29 April 2016). "Житель Новосибирска пожаловался в Генпрокуратуру на статью Бастрыкина в "Коммерсант.Власть"". Sib.fm (in Russian).
- "Житель Новосибирска пожаловался в Генпрокуратуру на статью Бастрыкина о цензурировании интернета". NEWSru (in Russian). 29 April 2016.
- Galaguz, Ilya (15 June 2016). "Генпрокуратура отказалась проверить статью Бастрыкина по жалобе жителя Новосибирска". Sib.fm (in Russian).
- "Генпрокуратура отказалась проверять статью Бастрыкина по жалобе новосибирца". Rosbalt.ru (in Russian). 15 June 2016.