Alexander Bessmertnykh (politician)

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Alexander Alexandrovich Bessmertnykh
Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Бессме́ртных
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union
In office
20 December 1990 – 28 August 1991
Preceded byEduard Shevardnadze
Succeeded byBoris Pankin
Personal details
Born (1933-11-10) 10 November 1933 (age 85)
Biysk, Altai Krai, Soviet Union
NationalitySoviet and Russian
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s)Marina Vladimirovna
Alma materMoscow State University

Alexander Alexandrovich Bessmertnykh (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Бессме́ртных; born 10 November 1933)[1] is a Russian diplomat who briefly served as foreign minister of the Soviet Union.

Early life[edit]

Bessmertnykh was born in Biisk in 1933,[1] first of four children. He lost his father when he was 10 years old.


Bessmertnykh joined the ministry of foreign affairs in 1957. From 1970 to 1983 he served as a consul at the Soviet embassy in the United States, and then headed the US department in the foreign ministry.[1] In 1986, he was appointed deputy foreign minister and in 1988, he became first deputy foreign minister. From 1990 to 1991 he was ambassador to the United States.[1]

Soviet Foreign Minister[edit]

He briefly served as a Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR in 1991,[2] replacing Eduard Shevardnadze. During the August coup of 1991 he did not lend his support to the attempt at removing Gorbachev from power, but refused to condemn the plotters. Consequently, he was removed by Mikhail Gorbachev.


  1. ^ a b c d "Biographies" (PDF). The World Politics Forum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014.
  2. ^ Ambassador Alexander Bessmertnykh

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Eduard Shevardnadze
Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union
Succeeded by
Boris Pankin