Alexander Brunschwig

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Alexander Brunschwig (September 11, 1901 – August 7, 1969) was born in El Paso, Texas. He died in 1969 at the age of 67 of coronary disease.[1]

Brunschwig developed pelvic exenteration surgery, which removes major organs from the patient's pelvic cavity. He performed 847 procedures, with a death rate similar to those of others later with more modern anesthesia.[citation needed] Pelvic exenteration is controversial, because it is one of the most aggressive and disfiguring surgeries used in oncology, and has not been subject to controlled clinical trials.[2]

In 1963, Brunschwig maintained that cancer of the uterine cervix, microscopically looked like a viral disease. That has since been proved.[citation needed]

He was in the forefront of implantation of the ureters and construction of substitute bladders from segments of the colon.[citation needed]

He worked with Alexander A. Maximow and William Bloom on their Textbook of Histology.[citation needed]

Further information[edit]

Obituary: Classics in Oncology ( a detailed review of his life and contributions).[citation needed]


  1. ^ James Stuart Olson, The History of Cancer: An Annotated Bibliography (ABC-CLIO, 1989) p38
  2. ^ The Annals of Extreme Surgery By BARRON H. LERNER, New York Times, August 29, 2011