Alexander Bunge

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Alexander Bunge
Alexander von Bunge.jpg
Alexander Bunge. Lithograph by Eduard Hau
Born 6 October 1803
Died 18 July 1890 (1890-07-19) (aged 86)
Nationality Russian German
Citizenship Russian
Scientific career
Fields Botany
Institutions University of Dorpat

Alexander Georg von Bunge (Russian: Aleksandr Andreevich von Bunge, Алекса́ндр Андре́евич Бу́нге; 6 October [O.S. 24 September] 1803 – 18 July [O.S. 6 July] 1890) was a Russian German botanist. He is best remembered for scientific expeditions into Asia and especially Siberia.


Bunge was born as son of a family that belonged to the German minority in Tsarist Russia. His father Andreas Theodor was the son of Georg Friedrich Bunge, a pharmacist who had emigrated from East Prussia to Russia in the 18th century. He studied medicine at the University of Dorpat, later serving as a professor of botany in Kazan. In 1835, he returned to Dorpat, where he taught classes in botany until 1867. Here, he kept in contact with Diederich Franz Leonhard von Schlechtendal, a botanist at the University of Halle, through correspondence, via articles published in the journal "Linnaea" and through the exchange of herbarium specimens.[1] He remained in Dorpat until 1881, spending his later years there conducting investigations of Estonian flora.[2]

In 1826 with Carl Friedrich von Ledebour and Carl Anton von Meyer, he embarked on an important scientific expedition to the Kirghiz Steppe and Altai Mountains.[3][4] In 1830-31, he traveled to Beijing by way of Siberia, through which he conducted extensive research of Mongolian flora.[1] Following his investigations in China, he returned to the Altai Mountains, where he conducted studies of the eastern part of the region (1832). In 1857-58 he took part in a scientific expedition to Khorasan and Afghanistan.[4]

He was the father of physiologist Gustav von Bunge (1844-1920) [1] and of Alexander von Bunge (1851–1930), an explorer and zoologist.[5] His older brother, Friedrich Georg von Bunge (1802-1897), was a legal historian.



Bunge Land in the New Siberian Islands[citation needed] and a crater on Mars were named after him.

Selected writings[edit]

  • Flora Altaica; scripsit Carolus Fridericus a Ledebour, adiutoribus Car. Ant. Meyer et Al. a Bunge. (1829-1833)
  • Enumeratio plantarum quas in China boreali collegit Dr. Al. Bunge. Anno 1831. (1832)
  • Plantarum mongolica-chinensium decas fine. (1835)
  • Alexandri Lehmann reliquiae botanicae; sive, Enumeratio plantarum in itinere per deserta Asiae Mediae ab A. Lehmann annis 1839-1842 collectarum. Scripsit Al. Bunge. (1847)
  • Beitrag zur kenntniss der flor Russlands und der steppen Central-Asiens, (1851) - Contribution to the knowledge of flora native to Russia and the steppes of Central Asia.
  • Plantas Abichianas in itineribus per Caucasum regionesque Transcaucasicas collectas, enumeravit A. Bunge. (1858)
  • Generis Astragali species gerontogeae. (1868-1869).[4]
  • Labiatae persicae, (1873).[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890), a prominent researcher of Mongolian flora Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg | Schlechtendalia P-ISSN 1436-2317 E-ISSN 2195-9889
  2. ^ JN Nutrition Biography of Gustav B. von Bunge
  3. ^ a b CRC world dictionary of plant names. 1. A - C by Umberto Quattrocchi
  4. ^ a b c JSTOR Global Plants Bunge, Alexander Andrejewitsch (Aleksandr Andreevic (Aleksandrovic) von (1803-1890)
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of the Arctic by Mark Nuttall
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Stanford Trees, Shrubs, and Vines PINACEAE
  7. ^ Manchurian Catalpa Catalpa bungei by Richard T. Olsen and Joseph H. Kirkbride, Jr.
  8. ^ Biodiversity Heritage Library (bibliography)
  9. ^ IPNI.  Bunge.