Alexander Cameron Sim

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Alexander Cameron Sim
Alexander Cameron Sim 001.JPG
Monument of Alexander Cameron Sim (Higashi-yuenchi Park, Chūō-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan)
Born(1840-08-28)August 28, 1840
DiedNovember 28, 1900(1900-11-28) (aged 60)
Occupationpharmacist, entrepreneur
Known forramune

Alexander Cameron Sim (August 28, 1840 – November 28, 1900) was a Scottish-born pharmacist and entrepreneur active in Japan during the Meiji period. He was also the founder of the Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club.


Sim was born in Aberlour, Scotland in 1840. He relocated to London in his youth, and received a post as a pharmacist at the Royal London Hospital in 1862. In 1866, he volunteered for an overseas assignment, and was sent to the Royal Naval Hospital in Hong Kong, where he spent the next 3.5 years. In late 1869, he moved to Nagasaki, Japan, where he resided in the treaty port, but moved to Kobe in 1870, where he initially worked as a pharmacist for the foreign firm Llewellyn Shōkai. However, he began his own company, AC Sim Shōkai, later the same year. Sim's company specialized in the import and distribution of medicines and medical supplies. In 1884, Sim introduced a carbonated beverage based on lemonade to the Kobe foreign settlement. This drink, called "mabu soda" for "marble soda" due to the marbles placed in the bottle for opening action, soon became very popular with the local Japanese after it was advertised in the Tokyo Mainichi Newspaper as a preventative for cholera. The drink remains a popular soft drink, sold nationwide, under the name of ramune to this day.

Sim was a strong supporter of athletic activities, and founded the Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club on September 23, 1870. He also organized a volunteer firefighting organization within the foreign community, and built a fire lookout tower near his residence. He also organized relief and community support efforts in the aftermath of the 1891 Mino–Owari earthquake and the 1896 Sanriku earthquake.

Sim died on November 28, 1900 of typhoid fever. He is buried in the Kobe Foreign cemetery on Mount Futatabi.


  • Murphy, Kevin C. The American merchant experience in nineteenth-century Japan. Routledge (2002) ISBN 0-415-29683-8

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