|Born||Alexander Pavlovich Chekhov
August 22, 1855
|Died||May 29, 1913
St. Petersburg, Russia
Alexander Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Па́влович Че́хов; August 22, 1855 – May 29, 1913), was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist and memoirist, and the elder brother of Anton Chekhov.
Alexander was born into a petty-bourgeois merchant family. He studied at the Taganrog gymnasium, graduating in 1875 with a silver medal. He later graduated from the Natural Sciences Department of the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow State University. He spoke six languages.
In his student years his works were published in comic magazines such as The Spectator and The Alarm Clock, largely contributing to the familiarization of his younger brother Anton with the world of metropolitan journalism.
Upon leaving school he worked in the customs service in Taganrog (1882–85), St. Petersburg (1885) and Novorossiysk (1885–1886). He was dismissed from his post in Taganrog for a sensational story about the abuses of local customs officials, which he published in the Odessa newspaper.
He wrote under the pseudonyms Agafopod, Agafopod Edinitsin, Aloe and later A. Gray.
In 1888, Alexander was widowed, and the following year married the governess of his children, Natalya Golden, with whom he had a son, the famous actor Michael Chekhov.