von Hueck was born in Tallinn, present-day Estonia. He studied medicine at the University of Tartu in 1821-1825, and later also in Berlin and Heidelberg. In 1830, he was made professor of anatomy at the University of Tartu. In 1838, he conducted a scientific travel through Livonia with the aim of studying pre-historical animals. He died in Tartu.
Among his contributions to his scientific field, were observational studies within eye movement.