Alexander Gatehouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alexander Hugh Gatehouse
Nickname(s) "Alec"
Born 20 May 1895
Died 1964
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1914–1947
Rank Major-General
Unit Northumberland Fusiliers
Royal Tank Corps
Commands held Mechanisation Experimental Establishment
4th Armoured Brigade
10th Armoured Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Order & bar
Military Cross

Major-General Alexander Hugh Gatehouse DSO & bar MC (20 May 1895 – 1964) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 10th Armoured Division during the North African Campaign of World War II.

Military career[edit]

He joined the British Army and was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Northumberland Fusiliers in 1914 and fought in World War I.[1]

After the war he transferred to the Royal Tank Corps (later the Royal Tank Regiment) in 1931.[1] He was appointed commandant of the Mechanisation Experimental Establishment at Farnborough in 1933.[1]

He served in World War II as deputy commander of the 7th Armoured Brigade in the Western Desert from 1940, as commander of the 4th Armoured Brigade in the Western Desert from 1941 and as General Officer Commanding 10th Armoured Division from June 1942.[1][2] Having led the 10th Armoured Division at the Battle of Alam el Halfa in September 1942 and then the Second Battle of El Alamein in October 1942[3] he became major-general in charge of administration at Washington D. C. at the end of the year and military attaché in Moscow in 1944 before retiring in 1947.[1]


In 1920 he married Helen Williams;[4] they had one son (Sir Robert Alexander Gatehouse, a Judge of the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court).[5]



  • Mead, Richard (2007). Churchill's Lions: A Biographical Guide to the Key British Generals of World War II. Stroud: Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-431-0. 
  • Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Herbert Lumsden
GOC 1st Armoured Division
July 1942
Succeeded by
Herbert Lumsden
Preceded by
John Clark
GOC 10th Armoured Division
Succeeded by
Charles Norman