Alexander Henderson (American politician)

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Henderson House in Dumfries, Virginia

Alexander Henderson (1738 – 22 November 1815) was a merchant and politician in the British colony and American state of Virginia.


Henderson was born in Glasgow, Scotland. He moved to Colchester, Virginia in 1756.

Henderson served in the Virginia militia during the American Revolution. He represented Fairfax County in the Virginia House of Delegates 1783–1784 and Prince William County 1789–1790.[1] He was a Virginia delegate to the Mount Vernon Conference in 1785 which led to the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He also served as a vestryman at Pohick Church and a magistrate of Fairfax and Prince William Counties.

Henderson moved to Dumfries, Virginia in 1787, where his home still stands. There he opened a store with additional outlets later opening in Colchester, Occoquan, and Alexandria and leading him to be considered the "father of the American chain store."[2]

Henderson was the father of Archibald Henderson, the longest-serving Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, who served from 1820 to 1859.


  1. ^ Kromkowski, Charles A. "The Virginia Elections and State Elected Officials Database Project, 1776–2008". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2 Jul 2013. 
  2. ^ History's Hendersons. At the Clan Henderson Society of the United States of America website. Accessed 25 September 2007. Archived September 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.

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