23 March 1907
|Died||8 June 1987 (aged 80)|
New York City, United States
|Nationality||Greek, American (naturalized)|
Alexander Iolas or Alexandre Iolas (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Ιόλας; born Κωνσταντίνος Κουτσούδης Constantine Koutsoudis, 25 March 1907 – 8 June 1987) was a Greek gallerist and collector. He owned galleries in the United States and Europe and contributed in many private and public art collections.
He was born in Alexandria, Egypt, on March 25, 1907, to Andreas and Persephone Coutsoudis. In 1924, he went to Berlin as a pianist, but soon started studying ballet. He fled to Paris during Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s where he continued to study dance and socialized with artists such as Jean Cocteau, Giorgio de Chirico, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, René Magritte and Max Ernst. There he bought his first work of art. As a dancer he toured extensively in Europe, the United States and Latin America with Theodora Roosevelt and later with the company formed by the Marquis George de Cuevas.
In 1944, he gave up ballet after an injury and got involved with the art world. In New York, he became the director of the Hugo Gallery, founded in 1944 by Robert Rothschild, Elizabeth Arden and Maria dei Principi Ruspoli Hugo. There, Andy Warhol had his first solo exhibition Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote (June 16 – July 3, 1952)
After working at the Hugo Gallery, he founded the Jackson-Iolas Gallery in 1955 with former dancer, Brooks Jackson, who is based in Miami today, and later opened and operated a chain of art galleries under his own name in New York, Paris, Milan, Rome (Galleria Iolas-Galatea), Geneva (Galerie Iolas-Engelberts), Madrid (Galería Iolas-Velasco) and Athens (Iolas-Zoumboulakis Gallery).
Alexander Iolas represented many artists in his galleries, among them Andy Warhol, René Magritte, Roberto Matta, Ed Ruscha, Jean Tinguely, Joseph Cornell, Yves Klein, Jannis Kounellis, Takis, Victor Brauner, Jules Olitski, and Niki de Saint-Phalle. In promoting work that initially found few to favor it, he was able to reassure potential clients with his irresistible and often mischievous charm, dazzle them with his flamboyant personality and often sensational mode of dress.
Known primarily for his exclusive representation of the major European Surrealists in the United States- primarily Max Ernst and René Magritte - Alexander Iolas helped to form more than one important collection. In particular, John de Menil and Dominique de Menil, founders of the Menil Collection, retained him as one of their three art consultants, along with Father Marie-Alain Couturier and Jermayne MacAgy.
In 1976, he closed all his galleries except the one in New York after the death of Max Ernst, in order to keep a promise he had made to the artist. After the Iolas Gallery in Paris was closed in 1976, his former assistant Samy Kinge continued to run his own gallery with a similar program.
In 1984, Alexander Iolas commissioned Andy Warhol to create a group of works based on Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper for an exhibition space in the Palazzo delle Stelline in Milan, located across the street from Santa Maria delle Grazie, home of Leonardo's masterpiece. Warhol exceeded the demands of the commission and produced more than 100 variations on the theme.
From early 1965, Alexander Iolas started traveling to Greece. Extending his activities there, he contributed to the opening of some galleries in Athens, like the Iolas-Zoumboulakis gallery and the Bernier Gallery. He also inspired the founding of the Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art in Thessaloniki to which he donated a large number of art works from his collection. He is still listed as the Museum's 'great benefactor'.
In 1983, he was accused by a former employee of "antiquities smuggling, drug peddling, and the prostitution of young men"- but never charged, accusations that were circulated by the Greek tabloid newspaper, Avriani causing a scandal. In 1984, he was investigated for antiquities smuggling and subsequently charged. The charges were cleared only posthumously.
He died of AIDS at Cornell Medical Center in New York City on Monday, June 8, 1987.
When he died in 1987, his sister, Niki Stifel, and his previously deceased brother's daughter, Eleni Koutsoudi-Iola became the heirs to his estate. His villa was sold to a real estate developer, but construction plans were held up by the Ministry of Culture that marked it as a site of Greek cultural heritage. Plans to transform his collection into the envisioned museum never were acted upon by the Greek government. As a result the collection was looted and the villa has been vandalized extensively.
The present condition of the Villa Iolas has been a recurring issue in the Greek Parliament, the local Municipality and the Greek newspapers, but also a subject and study-case for artistic and architectural projects.
Villa Iolas was listed in 1998 as a historic monument by the Greek Ministry of Culture, two years later was designated the site for exclusively public cultural activities and recently the re-selling of the estate has been blocked. The Greek State has not expropriated the Villa, however. Regarding the derelict state of the Villa Iolas, questions have been raised by members of the Greek Parliament: Maria Damanaki, Stavros Benos, Fotis Kouvelis and Kyriakos Mitsotakis.
Although the Greek State has agreed on the acquisition of the Villa Iolas from its current owner, this has still not occurred, most likely due to the current dire condition of the Greek budget.
- Southern District Naturalization Index, 1917-1950 Family Search Record details: Southern District Naturalization Index, New York 1917-1950
- Alexander Iolas dance-theatre producer Antiques A Society Favorite's many talents, The New York Times, December 4, 1998
- "Teddy Roosevelt's granddaughter does a cancan at a casino in Rio," Life magazine, September 7, 1942, pages 102-105. Retrieved March 22, 2011
- Andy Warhol biography The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts
- Brooks Jackson on Alexander Iolas, March 22, 1976 interview by Paul Cummings, Smithsonian Archives of American Art
- 'Destroy...Alexander Iolas: The Villa-Museum and the Relics of a Lost Collection' by Chara Kolokytha, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Northumbria University. Published February 14, 2014
- The Guardian - Magritte on Magritte René Magritte's instructions to New York dealer,February 6, 2011
- Clement Greenberg in My Studio by Jules Olitski, 1994 Retrieved February 4, 2010
- Alexander Iolas, the Greek art dealer, was seen in a floor-length raccoon coat, throwing bills in the air Inside Art The New York Times, July 2, 1993
- Collection Overview Archived 2011-02-24 at the Wayback Machine The Menil Collection
- "New York Studio". Carla Lavatelli. Archived from the original on 4 April 2004.
- ArtFacts. "Galerie Samy Kinge". ArtFacts (in French). Retrieved 2020-03-14.
- "Andy Warhol - The Last Supper, Ayn Foundation". Archived from the original on 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
- Alexander Iolas in Athens The ACG Art Collection
- Alexander Iolas and Zoumboulakis Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine Zoumboulaki Gallery
- Alexander Iolas and Avriani Alexandre Iolas by Gary Comenas
- Alexander Iolas obituary New York Times June 12, 1987
- Where all that glitters is gold Vogue, 1982
- ‘Villa Iolas’ and its melancholic history[permanent dead link] Dimitris Rigopoulos 'Kathimerini' newspaper, July 6, 2006
- Cotter, Holland, "An abundance of room, an absence of V.I.P. gloss," The New York Times, March 4, 2010. Retrieved March 22, 2011
- Maria Damanaki on Villa Iola in greek[permanent dead link] Eleftherotypia 19 May 2004
- Fotis Kouvelis on Villa Iola in greek Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine Eleftherotypia 3 Jan.2005
- Kyriakos Mitsotakis on Villa Iola in greek Kyriakos Mitsotakis website
- Obituary in the New York Times by John Russell - published 12 June 1987
- Alexander Iolas and MMCA - Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art, Greece
- Alexander Iolas - The American College of Greece Art Collection
- Alexandre Iolas and his Greek tragedy by Gary Comenas
- Alexander Iolas biography by Nikos Stathoulis, Livanis Publications 1994
- 'The fall of the house of Iolas' by Marina Varouta -in Greek language
- Villa Alexander Iola - by Andreas Angelidakis
- Alexander Iolas projects by Omada Filopappou
- Fall Into Ruin, 2017 documentary by William E. Jones