Alexander John Arbuthnot

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Sir Alexander John Arbuthnot
Sir Alexr John Arbuthnot.jpg
Sir Alexander John Arbuthnot KCSI
Born 11 October 1822
Killaloe, Ireland
Died 10 June 1907
Occupation British official and writer

(1) Frederica Eliza Fearon

(2) (Constance) Angelena Milman
Relatives Son of Alexander Arbuthnot; nephew of Charles Arbuthnot and General Sir Thomas Arbuthnot and General Sir Robert Arbuthnot; brother of General Sir Charles George Arbuthnot and half brother of Major-General George Bingham Arbuthnot

Sir Alexander John Arbuthnot KCSI CIE (11 October 1822 – 10 June 1907) was a British official and writer. He was educated at Rugby School.


Arbuthnot served in Madras (now Chennai) as the director of Public Instruction (1855); he was a key force in the incorporation of Madras University (1857) where he served as the Vice Chancellor from 1871 to 1872;[1] he was the chief secretary to the Madras Government (1862–67); he was a member of the Legislative Council (1867–72); he was a member of the Madras Executive Council; he served on the Viceroy's Executive Council (1875–80); he was acting Governor of Madras, India, for about three months, from 19 February 1872 to 15 May 1872. He later served as a member of the Council of the Secretary of State for India from 1888 to 1893.

Arbuthnot was honoured by the Crown with the titles of Knight Commander of The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (1873) and Companion of The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire (CIE).

He contributed to the Dictionary of National Biography, as A.J.A. He was a noted amateur rose grower. He was the son of Alexander Arbuthnot. His brother was Lt-General Sir Charles George Arbuthnot and his half-brother was Major-General George Bingham Arbuthnot. He was uncle of Brigadier-general Alexander George Arbuthnot.

He married first Frederica Eliza Fearon. His second wife, Constance Angelena Milman, wrote a novel called Chance about a dog.


  • Arbuthnot, Alexander John (1851). Select reports of criminal cases determined in the Court of Foujdaree Udalat of Madras. OCLC 19445369.
  • Arbuthnot, Alexander John; Henry Francis Wilson (1899). Lord Clive; the foundation of British rule in India (Builders of Greater Britain). T. Fisher Unwin. OCLC 2328853.
  • Arbuthnot, Alexander John; Constance Arbuthnot (1910). Memories of Rugby & India. T Fisher Unwin, London. OCLC 2235625.


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