Alexander Kazantsev

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Alexander Kazantsev
Alexander Kazantsev
Born Александр Петрович Казанцев
(1906-09-02)2 September 1906
Akmolinsk, Russian Empire
Died 13 September 2002(2002-09-13) (aged 96)
Peredelkino, Russian Federation
Occupation Writer
Nationality Russian (USSR)
Genre Science fiction, Popular science, Ufology

Alexander Petrovitch Kazantsev (Russian: Алекса́ндр Петро́вич Каза́нцев; 2 September 1906 – 13 September 2002) was a popular Soviet science fiction writer and ufologist.


Born in Akmolinsk, Imperial Russia (modern Astana in Kazakhstan). He graduated from Tomsk Polytechnic University, and worked at the Soviet Research Institute of Electromechanics. Kazantsev was a member of the Soviet delegation at the 1939 New York World's Fair. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, Kazantsev joined the army. He left military service in 1945 with the rank of colonel, and was awarded a number of orders, including Order of the Patriotic War and Order of the Red Star. From then on, Kazantsev settled in the "literary village" of Peredelkino and concentrated on his writings. He survived the dissolution of the Soviet Union and died in 2002.[citation needed]


Kazantsev was an enthusiast of the unknown, and a pioneer of Soviet UFOlogy. Many of his works, both fiction and non-fiction, deal with controversial parascientific (or pseudoscientific) theories.

He researched the Tunguska event and published a number of science fiction, as well as popular science books, on the topic. He believed the Tunguska impact was caused by an alien spacecraft that crash-landed on the Earth.[citation needed]

Kazantsev researched events and legends that he believed were evidences of paleocontacts with extra-terrestrials. His novel Phaetae is based on the popular hypothesis of Phaeton, a hypothetical planet that some[who?] believe existed in the orbit of modern Asteroid belt.[citation needed] According to the novel, Phaeton was inhabited by a developed civilisation of the phaetae race, who survived the destruction of their planet and brought some of their culture to the prehistorical people of Earth.

Kazantsev was also interested in the Martian canal theory, and used it in his fiction concerning Mars.[citation needed]

He was also a composer of chess endgame studies. In 1975 he was awarded by the Permanent Commission of the FIDE for Chess Compositions (PCCC) the title of FIDE Master of Composition.[citation needed]


Note: of this list, only The Destruction of Faena (Faety), A Visitor From Outer Space, and The Martian have been translated into English.

  • Burning Island (Пылающий остров) (1939–1940)
  • The Destruction of Faena (Фаэты) (1974)
  • Stronger than Time (Сильнее времени)
  • The Sunbell (Колокол солнца)
  • The Dotted Line of Memories (Пунктир воспоминаний)
  • The Dome of Hope (Купол надежды)
  • A Visitor From Outer Space (Гость из космоса) (1946)
  • The Martian (Марсианин) (1946)
  • Northern Bridge (Северный мост):
  1. Polar Dream (Полярная мечта)
  2. Glaciers Return (Льды возвращаются)
  3. Bridge of Friendship (Мост дружбы )

Film screenwriting[edit]

Film appearance[edit]

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