Alexander Mavrocordatos

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Illustration from 1854

Alexander Mavrocordatos (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος; 1636 – 23 December 1709) was a member of the Greek Mavrocordatos family, a doctor of philosophy and medicine of the University of Bologna, and dragoman to Sultan Mehmed IV in 1673 — notably employed in negotiations with the Habsburg Monarchy during the Great Turkish War.

Mavrocordatos drafted the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699). He became a secretary of state and was created a Reichsgraf of the Holy Roman Empire. His authority, with that of Amcazade Köprülü Hüseyin Pasha and Rami Mehmed Pasha, was supreme at the court of Mustafa II, and he did much to ameliorate the condition of Christians in the Ottoman Empire. He was disgraced in 1703, but was later recalled to court by Sultan Ahmed III.

He also wrote several historical, grammatical, and other treatises. His son, Nicholas Mavrocordatos, was grand dragoman to the Divan (1697) and, in 1708, was appointed hospodar of Moldavia.

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