Alexander Muir

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Alexander Muir
Alexander Muir.jpg
Born (1830-04-05)5 April 1830
Lesmahagow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Died 26 June 1906(1906-06-26) (aged 76)
Toronto
Occupation songwriter, poet, school headmaster

Alexander Muir (5 April 1830 – 26 June 1906) was a Canadian songwriter, poet, soldier, and school headmaster.[1] He was the composer of The Maple Leaf Forever, which he wrote in October 1867 to celebrate the Confederation of Canada.[2]

Early life[edit]

Muir immigrated to Toronto from Lesmahagow, Scotland, in 1833. He grew up in Toronto, Ontario, where he was educated by his father. Muir later studied at Queen's College, where he graduated in 1851.[3]

Career[edit]

Alexander Muir at about 25 years of age, wearing his Scottish tartan

Muir taught in the Greater Toronto Area in such places as Scarborough and Toronto, as well as in Newmarket, Beaverton, and in then suburban areas as Parkdale and Leslieville, where he lived on Laing Avenue.

During the early 1870s, Alexander Muir was an elementary school teacher in Newmarket. When the cornerstone of the Christian Church in Newmarket was being laid on June 25, 1874 by the Governor General, Lord Dufferin, Muir brought his school choir to the event to sing his new composition The Maple Leaf Forever, its first public performance.

From 1860 to 1870, he was principal of Leslieville School in Toronto. He was later (1888-1901) principal of Toronto's Alexander Muir/Gladstone Junior and Senior Public School (renamed after his death in his honour).

Muir was a noted Canadian Orangeman.[4] He also served with The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, and fought with them at the Battle of Ridgeway. He wrote The Maple Leaf Forever while he was serving with the regiment.

Legacy[edit]

Flowerbeds in bloom in the Alexander Muir Memorial Gardens

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander Muir The Canadian Encyclopedia
  2. ^ "Maple Cottage, Leslieville, Toronto (De)Constructing Nationalist Music History" Institute for Canadiam Music newsletter, pages 10-12, Vol. 1, No. 1, January 2003
  3. ^ Biography Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  4. ^ J. Paul Green (1994). "Muir, Alexander". Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 13, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  5. ^ "Toronto District School Board: Alexander Muir/Gladstone Ave Junior and Senior Public School". Tdsb.on.ca. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  6. ^ "Toronto District School Board: Alexmuir Junior Public School". Tdsb.on.ca. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  7. ^ "York Region District School Board: Alexander Muir P.S". Yrdsb.edu.on.ca. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  8. ^ "Algoma District School Board: Alex Muir Public School" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  9. ^ "Algoma District School Board: Urban Aboriginal Alternative High School". Adsb.on.ca. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  10. ^ "Mount Muir". PeakFinder.com. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
Bibliography

External links[edit]