Alexander Pochinok

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Alexander Petrovich Pochinok
Александр Петрович Починок
Aleksandr Pochinok cropped.jpg
Minister of Labor and Social Development
In office
May 2000 – March 2004
Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov
Succeeded by Mikhail Zurabov (for social development portfolio)
Minister of Taxes and Levies
In office
1999 – May 2000
Personal details
Born (1958-01-12)12 January 1958
Chelyabinsk, USSR
Died 16 March 2014(2014-03-16) (aged 56)
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Russian
Political party Civic Platform
Alma mater Chelyabinsk Lenin Komsomol Memorial Polytechnic Institute
USSR Academy of Sciences

Alexander Petrovich Pochinok (Russian: Алекса́ндр Петро́вич Почино́к; 12 January 1958 – 16 March 2014)[1] was a Russian economist and politician. He was the minister of taxes and levies from 1999 to 2000 and minister of labor and social development from 2000 to 2004.

Early life and education[edit]

Pochinok was born in Chelyabinsk on 12 January 1958.[2] He graduated from Chelyabinsk Lenin Komsomol Memorial Polytechnic Institute with a degree in engineering and economics in 1980.[2] He received a PhD in economics from USSR Academy of Sciences in 1986.[2]

Career[edit]

From 1980 to 1990 he worked at the USSR Academy of Sciences as a researcher.[2] In 1990, he became a deputy at the Duma, representing Chelyabinsk.[2][3] He was one of the earliest independent democrats elected to the Duma.[4] He was made head of the Duma's budget committee.[5] In September 1993, he resigned from the Duma.[6] From 1993 to 1994 he served as deputy finance minister.[2] In 1995, he was promoted to the academic rank of associate professor and in 1997, of professor of tax policy at Plekhanov Russian University of Economics.[2]

He was the head of the state tax service from 1998 to 1999[2] and Boris Fyodorov replaced him in the post.[7] Then Pochinok served as the head of the department of finance and monetary credit regulation from 1998 to 1999.[2] He was the minister of taxes and levies from 1999 to 2000.[8] Gennady Bukayev replaced him in the post.[9] In May 2000, President Vladimir Putin appointed Pochinok as minister of labor and social development to the cabinet led by Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov.[9][10] Pochinok's term lasted until 2004[8] and Mikhail Zurabov succeeded him as minister of social development in March 2004.[11] Then Pochinok served as deputy presidential plenipotentiary representative in the Southern Federal District.[8] From 2007 to 2011 he represented the Krasnodar Krai at the Federation Council.[8][12]

In January 2012, he was appointed senator and became a member of the Federation Council.[12]

Since October 2012 he was a functionary of the Civic Platform party organized by businessman Mikhail Prokhorov.[1][13]

Views[edit]

Pochinok is one of the first liberal Russian economists.[4] However, he later advocated Boris Yeltsin's economic approach in the mid-1990s.[14]

Personal life and death[edit]

Pochinok married twice. His second spouse, Natalia Gribkov,[15] was his student and Russia’s light athletics champion, who was 20 years younger than him.[14] He had two sons and a daughter.[15]

Pochinok died of hemorrhagic stroke at the age of 56.[1][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Умер Александр Починок". RIA Novosti. 18 March 2014. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Alexander Petrovich Pochinok". Perm Forum. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Regina Smyth (24 April 2006). Candidate Strategies and Electoral Competition in the Russian Federation: Democracy without Foundation. Cambridge University Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-139-44801-7. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Moscow's Best And Brightest Pragmatists". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 7 December 1997. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Elizabeth Shogren; Michael Parks (25 January 1992). "Russia Slashes Defense Budget". Los Angeles Times. Moscow. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Stephen Seplow (24 September 1993). "Foes Concede Victory Likely". Philly. Moscow. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  7. ^ David McHugh (7 July 1998). "Kiriyenko shows he is own man". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Alexander Pochinok" (PDF). ECE. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Putin Makes More Appointments, Streamlines Cabinet". People's Daily. 19 May 2000. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Alex Rodriguez (25 February 2004). "Putin sacks premier and his Cabinet". Chicago Tribune. Krasnoyarsk. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Experts on new Russian Cabinet: Vladimir Putin got rid of his former favorites". Pravda. 10 March 2004. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Alexander Pochinok returned to the Federation Council". Newspepper. 31 January 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Прохоров, Любимов, Починок вошли в политкомитет партии "Гражданская платформа"". Moskovsky Komsomolets. 16 October 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Dmitry Babich (8 January 2008). "United, They Are Not Old". Russia Profile. Archived from the original on 22 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c Matthew Bodner (18 March 2014). "Former Minister Pochinok Dies". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 31 July 2014.