Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland
Coat of arms of the High Stewart of Scotland: Or, a fess chequy argent and azure
|Title||4th High Steward of Scotland|
|Predecessor||Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland|
|Successor||James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland|
|Parents||Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland|
Bethóc (Beatrix) Mac Gille Críst
Alexander Stewart (died 1283), also known as Alexander of Dundonald, was 4th hereditary High Steward of Scotland from his father's death in 1246.
A son of Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland by his wife Bethóc, daughter of Gille Críst, Earl of Angus, Alexander is said to have accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade (1248–1254). In 1255 he was one of the councillors of King Alexander III, though under age.
He was the principal commander under King Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs, on 2 October 1263, when the Scots defeated the Norwegians under Haakon IV. The Scots invaded and conquered the Isle of Man the following year, which was, with the whole of the Western Isles, then annexed to the Crown of Scotland.
Marriage and children
Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland married Jean Macrory, heiress of the Isles of Bute and Arran, daughter of James (who with his father and brothers were killed in 1210 by the men of Skye), son of Angus, Lord of Bute & Arran (younger son of Somerled, King of the South Isles). They had the following children:
- James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland (c. 1260-1309)
- Sir John Stewart of Bonkill, Berwickshire (d. 22 July 1298), described as the "second son" who married the Bonkill heiress, had seven sons and one daughter, and was killed in the Battle of Falkirk. Agnatic ancestor of British kings.
- Andrew Stewart (a.k.a. Andrew Steward) Esq., third son of Alexander Stewart. Married the daughter of James Bethe. Father of Sir Alexander 'the fierce' Steward and direct ancestor of Oliver Cromwell. Great uncle of King Robert II.
- Elizabeth Stewart, (d. before 1288) Married Sir William Douglas the Hardy, Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed. She was the mother of the Good Sir James Douglas.
- Hawise Stewart, married John de Soulis, brother of the Lord of Liddesdale.
Through his eldest son James, Alexander was a great-grandparent of King Robert II, the first Stewart to be King of Scots, and thus ancestors of all subsequent Scottish monarchs and the later and current monarchs of Great Britain.
- Simpson, David, The Genealogical and Chronological History of the Stuarts, Edinburgh, 1713.
- Anderson, William, The Scottish Nation, Edinburgh, 1867, vol.ix, p.512
- Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Their Descendants &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p. xli-xlii.
- Anderson (1867) vil.ix, p.512
- Sir James Balfour Paul. The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's, The Peerage of Scotland, (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), vol. 1, p. 13.
- Mosley, Charles, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th ed., 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books, Ltd., 2003), vol. 1, p. 449.
- Simpson (1713)p.64.
- See also the following for references to Sir John Steward of Bonkill:
- Nisbet, Alexander, 1722. Vol.1,p.48; and appendix, page 149.
- Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, and Their Descendants &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p. xlii.
- Anderson, William, "The Scottish Nation", Edinburgh, 1867, vol.vii, p.200.
- Mackenzie, A. M., MA., D.Litt., The Rise of the Stewarts, London, 1935, p.13 - 14.
- The Marquis de Ruvigny & Raineval, The Jacobite Peerage &c., London & Edinburgh (1904), 1974 reprint, p.8n.
- International Genealogical Index Source Batch No. 6020347, Sheet 65, Source Call No. 1621525
- Visitations of Cambridgeshire, 1575 & 1619
- Foster, John, The Statesmen of the Commonwealth of England, London, 1830, vol.4, p.305
- Noble, Mark, Memoirs of the Protectoral House of Cromwell, London, 1757, vol.2, p.204
- Courthorpe, William Esq., DeBrett's Baronetage of England, London, 1835, p.87
- Maxwell, Sir Herbert, Bt., A History of the House of Douglas, London, 1902, vol.1, p.28.
- Cokayne; Gibbs; Doubleday; Howard de Walden (1932) p. 206.
- Cokayne, GE; Gibbs, V; Doubleday, HA; Howard de Walden, eds. (1932). The Complete Peerage. Vol. 8. London: The St Catherine Press.
- MacEwen, ABW (2011). "The Wives of Sir James the Steward (d.1309)". Foundations. 3 (5): 391–398.
- Sellar, WDH (2000). "Hebridean Sea Kings: The Successors of Somerled, 1164–1316". In Cowan, EJ; McDonald, RA (eds.). Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages. East Linton: Tuckwell Press. pp. 187–218. ISBN 1-86232-151-5.
Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of ScotlandBorn: 1214 Died: 1283
|Peerage of Scotland|
| High Steward of Scotland