Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland

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Alexander Stewart
Arms of Stewart.svg
Coat of arms of the High Stewart of Scotland: Or, a fess chequy argent and azure
Died1283
Title4th High Steward of Scotland
Tenure1246-1283
NationalityScottish
PredecessorWalter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland
SuccessorJames Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland
ParentsWalter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland
Bethóc (Beatrix) Mac Gille Críst

Alexander Stewart (died 1283), also known as Alexander of Dundonald, was 4th hereditary High Steward of Scotland from his father's death in 1246.

A son of Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland by his wife Bethóc, daughter of Gille Críst, Earl of Angus, Alexander is said to have accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade (1248–1254).[1] In 1255 he was one of the councillors of King Alexander III, though under age.[2]

He was the principal commander under King Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs, on 2 October 1263, when the Scots defeated the Norwegians under Haakon IV. The Scots invaded and conquered the Isle of Man the following year, which was, with the whole of the Western Isles, then annexed to the Crown of Scotland.[3][4]

Marriage and children[edit]

Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland married Jean Macrory, heiress of the Isles of Bute and Arran, daughter of James (who with his father and brothers were killed in 1210 by the men of Skye), son of Angus, Lord of Bute & Arran (younger son of Somerled, King of the South Isles). They had the following children:[5][6]

Through his eldest son James, Alexander was a great-grandparent of King Robert II, the first Stewart to be King of Scots, and thus ancestors of all subsequent Scottish monarchs and the later and current monarchs of Great Britain.

Through his second son John, Alexander was a patrilineal ancestor of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and of the Stuart monarchs of Scotland and England from Darnley's son James VI and I onwards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simpson, David, The Genealogical and Chronological History of the Stuarts, Edinburgh, 1713.
  2. ^ Anderson, William, The Scottish Nation, Edinburgh, 1867, vol.ix, p.512
  3. ^ Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Their Descendants &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p. xli-xlii.
  4. ^ Anderson (1867) vil.ix, p.512
  5. ^ Sir James Balfour Paul. The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's, The Peerage of Scotland, (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), vol. 1, p. 13.
  6. ^ Mosley, Charles, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th ed., 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books, Ltd., 2003), vol. 1, p. 449.
  7. ^ Simpson (1713)p.64.
  8. ^ See also the following for references to Sir John Steward of Bonkill:
    • Nisbet, Alexander, 1722. Vol.1,p.48; and appendix, page 149.
    • Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, and Their Descendants &c., volume 2, London, 1851, p. xlii.
    • Anderson, William, "The Scottish Nation", Edinburgh, 1867, vol.vii, p.200.
    • Mackenzie, A. M., MA., D.Litt., The Rise of the Stewarts, London, 1935, p.13 - 14.
    • The Marquis de Ruvigny & Raineval, The Jacobite Peerage &c., London & Edinburgh (1904), 1974 reprint, p.8n.
  9. ^ International Genealogical Index Source Batch No. 6020347, Sheet 65, Source Call No. 1621525
  10. ^ Visitations of Cambridgeshire, 1575 & 1619
  11. ^ Foster, John, The Statesmen of the Commonwealth of England, London, 1830, vol.4, p.305
  12. ^ Noble, Mark, Memoirs of the Protectoral House of Cromwell, London, 1757, vol.2, p.204
  13. ^ Courthorpe, William Esq., DeBrett's Baronetage of England, London, 1835, p.87
  14. ^ Maxwell, Sir Herbert, Bt., A History of the House of Douglas, London, 1902, vol.1, p.28.
  15. ^ Cokayne; Gibbs; Doubleday; Howard de Walden (1932) p. 206.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cokayne, GE; Gibbs, V; Doubleday, HA; Howard de Walden, eds. (1932). The Complete Peerage. Vol. 8. London: The St Catherine Press.
  • MacEwen, ABW (2011). "The Wives of Sir James the Steward (d.1309)". Foundations. 3 (5): 391–398.
  • Sellar, WDH (2000). "Hebridean Sea Kings: The Successors of Somerled, 1164–1316". In Cowan, EJ; McDonald, RA (eds.). Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages. East Linton: Tuckwell Press. pp. 187–218. ISBN 1-86232-151-5.

External links[edit]

Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland
Born: 1214 Died: 1283
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Walter Stewart
High Steward of Scotland
1246–1283
Succeeded by
James Stewart