|Full name||Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush|
1 May 1910|
Saint Petersburg (Leningrad), USSR
|Died||3 March 1969
|Title||International Master (1950)
Int'l Master of Corr. Chess (1965)
Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush (1 May 1910 – 3 March 1969) was a Soviet chess grandmaster. He was one of Boris Spassky's mentors. Tolush was born and died in Saint Petersburg (in 1969 called Leningrad). He earned the title of International Master (IM) in 1950, Grandmaster (GM) in 1953, and International Master of Correspondence Chess (IMC) in 1965.
Tolush won the Leningrad Championship in 1937 (joint), 1938, 1946, and 1947 (joint). He played in the USSR Championship ten times. His best result was second place (+8−3=6 shared with Aronin and Lipnitsky) behind Keres in 1950. He finished fourth in 1952 (+8−4=7, equal with Boleslavsky and behind Botvinnik, Taimanov, and Geller) and fourth 1957 (+10−5=6 equal with Spassky and behind Tal, Bronstein, and Keres).
His best international result was first place (+10−1=8) at Bucharest 1953, ahead of Petrosian, Smyslov, Boleslavsky, and Spassky. In 1968 he was second at Keszthely +7−1=3 behind Portisch. Tolush never played in the Olympiads, but represented the USSR in two European Team Chess Championships.
Although he never reached the very highest level of chess, Tolush was an imaginative attacking player. He worked as a chess journalist, and was a noted trainer whose pupils included Keres and Spassky. His biography Alexander Tolush (1983) was compiled by his wife Valentina and includes 92 games.
- Brace, Edward R. (1977), An Illustrated Dictionary of Chess, Hamlyn Publishing Group, p. 288, ISBN 1-55521-394-4
- Gaige, Jeremy (1987), Chess Personalia, A Biobibliography, McFarland, pp. 427–8, ISBN 0-7864-2353-6
- Hartston, William R. (1977), "Tolush, Alexander Kazimirovich", in Golombek, Harry, Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Crown Publishing, p. 324, ISBN 0-517-53146-1
- Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), The Oxford Companion to Chess (2 ed.), Oxford University Press, pp. 151, 424, 425, ISBN 0-19-280049-3
- British Chess Magazine, 1969, p. 116
- Shakhmatny Bulletin, 1969, pp. 146-150
- Alexander Tolush player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- Tolush, Alexander at Olimpbase.org (European Team Championship results)
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