Alexander William Kinglake
Alexander William Kinglake
|Born||5 August 1809|
|Died||2 January 1891(aged 81)|
|Occupation||Travel writer, historian|
Alexander William Kinglake (5 August 1809 – 2 January 1891) was an English travel writer and historian.
He was born near Taunton, Somerset, and educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was called to the Bar in 1837, and built up a thriving legal practice, which, in 1856, he abandoned to devote himself to literature and public life.
His first literary venture was Eothen; or Traces of travel brought home from the East (London: J. Ollivier, 1844), a very popular work of Eastern travel, apparently first published anonymously, in which he described a journey he made about ten years earlier in Syria, Palestine and Egypt, together with his Eton contemporary Lord Pollington. Elliot Warburton said it evoked "the East itself in vital actual reality" and it was instantly successful. However, his magnum opus was The Invasion of Crimea: Its Origin, and an Account of its Progress down to the Death of Lord Raglan, in 8 volumes, published from 1863 to 1887 by Blackwood, Edinburgh, one of the most effective works of its class. The History, which Geoffrey Bocca describes as a book "by which no intelligent man can fail immediately to be fascinated, no matter to what page he might open it" has been accused of being too favourable to Lord Raglan and unduly hostile to Napoleon III for whom the author had an extreme aversion.
A Whig, Kinglake was elected at the 1857 general election as one of the two Members of Parliament (MP) for Bridgwater, having unsuccessfully contested the seat in 1852. He was returned at next two general elections, but the result of the 1868 general election in Bridgwater was voided on petition on 26 February 1869. No by-election was held, and after a Royal Commission found that there had been extensive corruption, the town was disenfranchised in 1870.
In the late 1880s he developed cancer of the throat, and he died on 2 January 1891.
- "Kinglake, Alexander William (KNGK828AW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Stephen, Leslie (1892). . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 31. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Introduction to Eothen: Traces of Travel Brought Home from the East, Northwestern University Press, 1 Apr 1997
- "Pioneers honored". The Age. 6 September 1977. p. 3. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- "Alexander William Kinglake". Paul Frecker. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Kinglake National Park". Print Version. Parks Victoria. 1 August 2001. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource.
- Drabble, M. (ed.) (1983) The Oxford Companion to English Literature. Oxford: U. P.; p. 534
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alexander Kinglake
- Works by Alexander William Kinglake at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Alexander William Kinglake at Internet Archive
- Works by Alexander William Kinglake at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Works by Alexander William Kinglake at Open Library
- The Invasion of the Crimea, vol1 - vol2 - vol3 - vol4 - vol5 - vol6 - vol7 - vol8 - vol9