Nahal Alexander

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Nahal Alexander
Alexander Stream view NE from tower.JPG
Alexander stream
Physical characteristics
Length28 mi (45 km)

Nahal Alexander (Hebrew: נחל אלכסנדר) is a river in Israel that flows from the western side of the Samaria mountain belt in the West Bank[1] to the Mediterranean Sea, north of Netanya. The length of the river is about 45 km. Several small streams flow into Nahal Alexander: Nablus, Te'enim, Ometz, Bahan, and Avihail. Most of the river is located in the Hefer Valley.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Nahal Alexander is the habitat of soft-shell turtles that can reach a size of 1.20 meters and weigh up to 50 kilograms. In addition to giant turtles, there are coots and other waterfowl, nutrias and swamp cats. Indigenous fish include catfish, tilapia, river eels and mullet.[2] On the southern bank there are shifting sand dunes and on the northern bank, a eucalyptus grove.[3]


Nahal Alexander, near Turtle Bridge

Hurvat Samra (Khirbet Samra), an ancient ruin on a hill overlooking Nahal Alexander, may have been a customs station for goods transported down the river to the port near the estuary.[3]

Beit Yanai beach is located where the river flows into the Mediterranean.[4] North of the beach are remnants of a quay built in 1938, during the British Mandate. It was used for clandestine Jewish immigration to Palestine when British authorities turned away ships of European Jews fleeing the Nazis.[3]

In the winter of 1991, Nahal Alexander overflowed and most of its soft-shelled turtle population drifted into the Mediterranean. When the remaining eggs that failed to hatch, the Israel Nature and Parks Authority launched a project to collect the eggs, incubate them and return the turtles to the water.[5]

In 2003, Nahal Alexander was part of a cleanup project that won first prize in the Riverprize environmental rehabilitation competition in Australia after being one of the most polluted rivers in Israel.[5]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Becker, Nir; Friedler, Eran (2012-06-06). "Integrated hydro-economic assessment of restoration of the Alexander-Zeimar River (Israel-Palestinian Authority)". Regional Environmental Change. 13 (1): 103–114. doi:10.1007/s10113-012-0318-1. ISSN 1436-3798.
  2. ^ "Israel's rivers: Back from the dead". Jerusalem Post. June 11, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c "Nahal Alexander park". Israel Nature and Parks Authority. December 31, 2009. Archived from the original on August 30, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  4. ^ Beit Yannai beach yields serenity on winter weekdays
  5. ^ a b The Best Kept Secret of Emek Hefer: Nahal Alexander & Turtles

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°23′46.08″N 34°51′56.53″E / 32.3961333°N 34.8657028°E / 32.3961333; 34.8657028