Alexandre de Beauharnais
|Birth name||Alexandre François Marie|
|Born||28 May 1760|
Fort-Royal, Martinique, France
|Died||23 July 1794 (aged 34)|
Picpus Cemetery, Paris, France
|Allegiance|| Kingdom of France|
Kingdom of France
First French Republic
|Years of service||1775–1794|
|Unit|| French Royal Army|
French Revolutionary Army
|Commands held||Army of the Rhine|
|Children||Eugène de Beauharnais (son)|
Hortense de Beauharnais (daughter)
Alexandre François Marie, Viscount of Beauharnais (28 May 1760 – 23 July 1794) was a French political figure and general during the French Revolution. He was the first husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and became empress of the First French Empire. Beauharnais was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror.
Beauharnais was born in Fort-Royal (today's Fort-de-France), Martinique. He was the son of Governor François de Beauharnais, Marquess de la La Ferté-Beauharnais, and Marie Anne Henriette Françoise Pyvart de Chastullé. On 13 December 1779 in Paris, he married Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, the future Empress of France. They had two children, Eugène (1781–1824) and Hortense (1783–1837).
Beauharnais fought in Louis XVI's army in the American Revolutionary War. He was later deputy of the noblesse in the Estates-General, and was president of the National Constituent Assembly from 19 June to 3 July 1791 and from 31 July to 14 August 1791. Made a general in 1792 (during the French Revolutionary Wars), he refused, in June 1793, to become Minister of War. He was named General-in-Chief of the Army of the Rhine in 1793.
On 2 March 1794, the Committee of General Security ordered his arrest. Accused of having poorly defended Mainz during the siege in 1793, and considered an aristocratic suspect, he was jailed in the Carmes prison and sentenced to death during the Reign of Terror. His wife, Josephine, was jailed in the same prison on 21 April 1794, but she was freed after three months, thanks to the trial of Maximilien Robespierre. Beauharnais was guillotined, together with his cousin Augustin, on the Place de la Révolution (today's Place de la Concorde) in Paris, only five days before the deposition and execution of Robespierre.
This article includes a list of references, related reading, or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (May 2019)
- Marek, Miroslav. "A listing of the descendants of the Beauharnais family". genealogy.euweb.cz.
- 1760 births
- 1794 deaths
- People from Fort-de-France
- Viscounts of Beauharnais
- Members of the National Constituent Assembly (France)
- French generals
- Military leaders of the French Revolutionary Wars
- French people executed by guillotine during the French Revolution
- French people of the American Revolution
- Martiniquais politicians
- Burials at Picpus Cemetery
- French military personnel stubs