Alexandria Bay, New York

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Alexandria Bay, New York
Left to right from top: panorama of Alexandria Bay, Boldt Castle, Tour Boat passing Longue Vue Island, George C. Boldt Yacht House
Motto(s): 
"Heart of the Thousand Islands"
Alexandria Bay is located in New York
Alexandria Bay
Alexandria Bay
Alexandria Bay is located in the United States
Alexandria Bay
Alexandria Bay
Coordinates: 44°20′9″N 75°54′53″W / 44.33583°N 75.91472°W / 44.33583; -75.91472Coordinates: 44°20′9″N 75°54′53″W / 44.33583°N 75.91472°W / 44.33583; -75.91472
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
RegionThe Thousand Islands (New York)
CountyJefferson
TownAlexandria
Area
 • Total1.51 sq mi (3.90 km2)
 • Land0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Water0.76 sq mi (1.96 km2)
Elevation
284 ft (87 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,078
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
1,028
 • Density1,372.50/sq mi (529.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
13607
Area code(s)315
FIPS code36-01187
GNIS feature ID0942309
Websitewww.villageofalexandriabay.com

Alexandria Bay is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States, within the town of Alexandria. It is located in the Thousand Islands region of northern New York. The population of the village was 1,078 at the 2010 United States Census.[3] It lies near the Thousand Islands Border Crossing of Canada and the United States.

History[edit]

Settlement began around 1817. By 1836, the community had about 25 dwellings.

The George C. Boldt Yacht House, Church of Saint Lawrence, Cornwall Brothers' Store, Holland Library, Ingleside, and Longue Vue Island are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

In its heyday as a late 19th century and early 20th century resort, its main access was via steamer from Clayton, NY. Its nearest rail connection was Redwood on the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad's Rochester line bound for Ogdensburg.[5][6][7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.53 square miles (3.95 km2), of which 0.76 square miles (1.98 km2) are land and 0.76 square miles (1.97 km2), or 49.77%, are water.[3] The village is located on the south bank of the Saint Lawrence River near the U.S. and Canada international border. Keewaydin State Park is southwest of the village.

New York State Route 12 and New York State Route 26 intersect at the only stoplight in the village. NY-12 leads northeast (downriver) 36 miles (58 km) to Ogdensburg and southwest 11 miles (18 km) to Clayton. NY-26 has its northern terminus at Alexandria Bay and leads southeast 11 miles (18 km) to Theresa. Interstate 81 intersects NY-12 4 miles (6.4 km) southwest of Alexandria Bay, leading south 25 miles (40 km) to Watertown and 94 miles (151 km) to Syracuse, and north to the Thousand Islands Bridge into Canada.

Buildings[edit]

The village has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.

Historic Sites[edit]

The following are the historic sites in Alexandria Bay of such significance as to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Site Name Image Location Comment
1 Cornwall Brothers' Store Corwall Brothers' Store 2017.jpg 2 Howell Place Added to the National Register of Historic Places, May 2, 1975
2 George C. Boldt Yacht House Boldt Castle's Yacht House.jpg 22320 Boathouse Road Added to the National Register of Historic Places, April 26, 1978
3 Ingleside Cherry Island, Alexandria Bay Added to the National Register of Historic Places, April 16, 1980
4 Longue Vue Island Longue Vue Island Postcard.jpg Longue Vue Island, Alexandria Bay Added to the National Register of Historic Places, November 4, 1982
5 Church of Saint Lawrence Church of St Lawrence in Alexandria Bay, New York. East side.jpg 7 Fuller Street Added to the National Register of Historic Places, May 16, 1997
6 Holland Library Holland Library - Alexandria Bay NY.jpg 7 Market Street Added to the National Register of Historic Places, November 15, 2002

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860120
1880587
18901,12391.3%
19001,51134.6%
19101,89925.7%
19201,649−13.2%
19301,95218.4%
19401,748−10.5%
19501,688−3.4%
19601,583−6.2%
19701,440−9.0%
19801,265−12.2%
19901,194−5.6%
20001,088−8.9%
20101,078−0.9%
2019 (est.)1,028[2]−4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,088 people, 482 households, and 270 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,473.9 people per square mile (567.7/km2). There were 624 housing units at an average density of 845.3 per square mile (325.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.08% White, 0.37% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 0.09% African American, 0.09% Native American, and 0.74% from two or more races.

There were 482 households, out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $29,338, and the median income for a family was $36,979. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $21,429 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,875. About 11.0% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.

According to the 2008-2012 American Community Survey, the total population of Alexandria Bay was 1,999 and 95.5% white. 12.6% of the population over 25 does not have a high school or equivalent degree. Median household income, in 2012 inflation adjusted dollars, was $37,303.[10]

Local attractions[edit]

Tour boat on the Saint Lawrence River

While Alexandria Bay has a relatively low population during the winter months and has no colleges, the late spring, summer, and early fall seasons bring an influx of vacationers and avid boaters that cause the population of the village to exceed 15,000. Several motels and hotels are available in the immediate village area. Boat tours are available of the bay and river area daily.

Boldt Castle is a 120-room mansion on Heart Island, located near Alexandria Bay. The castle was designed by the firm of W. D. Hewitt and G.W. Hewitt, Architects of Philadelphia, who also designed Druim Moir Castle in Philadelphia. Boldt Castle was built at the turn of the century by multi-millionaire George C. Boldt for his wife, Louise, as a testimony of his love for her. Mr. Boldt invested over $2.5 million to build this replica of a Rhineland castle.

Boldt planned on presenting it to his wife on Valentine's Day. Work was underway on the eleven buildings that would comprise the castle complex when in January 1904 Louise Boldt died, ending the dreams of a lifetime. George Boldt ordered that all work be stopped and for 73 years the Castle and the other structures on the island were left to the forces of nature. The Thousand Islands Bridge Authority acquired the property in 1977; since that time, several million dollars have been spent rehabilitating and restoring the castle and surrounding structures. Ferries allow access to the castle on an hourly schedule daily.

Every August, 10 days are devoted to "Bill Johnston's Pirate Days", a town-wide festival that features professional performers acting out pirate battles and a "siege" of the town by the "Pirate of the Thousand Islands", Bill Johnston, whom the festival is named after. It is encouraged that attendees dress in pirate attire, as do the actors who line the streets. The festival is also educational, with many groups providing galleries, displays, and informative presentations of the weapons and ships used during the Golden Age of Piracy.

Airport[edit]

Maxson Airfield[11] (FAA LID: 89NY) is a privately owned, private-use general aviation airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) south of the central business district of Alexandria Bay. It once had commercial service provided by Mohawk Airlines. At that time, the airport bore the IATA airport code AXB.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Alexandria Bay village, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  5. ^ 'Official Guide of the Railways.' January 1910, New York Central section, RW&O division
  6. ^ New York Central timetable, August 1912, Tables 2, 4
  7. ^ New York Central timetable, June 17, 1951, Tables 45, 59 https://streamlinermemories.info/NYC/NYC51-6TT.pdf
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Social Explorer Tables: ACS 2008 to 2012 (5-Year Estimates)(SE), ACS 2008 -- 2012 (5-Year Estimates), Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ "Maxson Airfield - Alexandria Bay - Thousand Islands Destination Airport". Maxson Airfield. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved November 11, 2016.

External links[edit]