Alexandrov theorem

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In mathematical analysis, the Alexandrov theorem, named after Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, states that if U is an open subset of Rn and  f : URm  is a convex function, then f has a second derivative almost everywhere.

In this context, having a second derivative at a point means having a second-order Taylor expansion at that point with a local error smaller than any quadratic.

The result is closely related to Rademacher's theorem.


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  • Villani, Cédric (2008). Optimal Transport: Old and New. Grundlehren Der Mathematischen Wissenschaften. 338. Springer-Verlag. p. 402. ISBN 3-540-71049-3. Zbl 1156.53003.