Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov
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Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Ива́нович Абрико́сов) (January 18, 1875 – April 9, 1955) was a Russian/Soviet pathologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1939) and the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1944).
Alexei Abrikosov was born into a wealthy family of factory owners, who were the official suppliers of chocolate confections to the Russian Imperial Court. His grandfather was the industrialist Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov. His father, Ivan Alekseievich Abrikosov, was expected to take over the family firm until his premature death from tuberculosis. His siblings included future Tsarist diplomat Dmitrii Abrikosov and future Catholic Sainthood Candidate Anna Abrikosova.
Abrokosov published works on the subject of the pathological morphology of tuberculosis and tumors, including the neuroectodermal tumor. This was described by Abrikosov as "myoblastomyoma." Based upon his work, this type of tumor was named "Abrikosov's tumor". He was the author of a multi-volume handbook in special pathology.
Embalming of Lenin
On the morning of January 23, 1924, Abrikosov was given the task of embalming Lenin's body to keep it intact until his burial. The body is still on permanent display in the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow.War Heroes, retrieved 22 Mar 2016.
In popular culture
Alexei Abrikosov is believed to be the inspiration for Professor Persikov, the protagonist of Mikhail Bulgakov's novel Fatal Eggs. The character's name is a pun, as, in Russian, abrikos means "apricot" and persik means "peach".
Honors and awards
- Stalin Prize, first class (1942) - for scientific study "Private pathological anatomy. Part II: The heart and blood vessels", published in late 1940.
- Two Orders of Lenin
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1945)
- Revelations of a Russian Diplomat: The Memoirs of Dmitrii I. Abrikossow, University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1964, p. 132.