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Aleksei (born Lazar) Yakovlevich Kapler (also Alexei, Russian: Алексей (born Лазарь) Яковлевич Каплер) (15 September 1904, Kiev – 11 September 1979) was a prominent Soviet filmmaker, screenwriter, actor and writer. He was known as screenwriter of many Soviet movies, such as Lenin in 1918, Amphibian Man, The Blue Bird and Striped Trip, as well as one of the anchors and directors of TV program Kinopanorama (a cinema overview). In 1941, Kapler was awarded the Stalin Prize.
Internments in the Gulag
Kapler is also known as the first love of Joseph Stalin's then underaged daughter while being over 20 years older than her, Svetlana Alliluyeva. According to Stalin's daughter, that was the reason for Kapler to be sentenced in 1943 to five years in exile on charges of anti-Soviet agitation. He was sent to Vorkuta region, where he worked as a photographer and lived in a tiny room partitioned off in the corner of the local photo studio.
In 1948, he was convicted a second time and spent five more years in Inta labour camps, being finally released only in July 1953. After returning from the Gulag, Kapler continued working on cinema and TV.
His first wife was the actress Tatiana Tarnowska (1898–1994), daughter of the scandalous Countess Maria Tarnowska. With Tatiana he had a son, Anatoly (b. 1927). Kapler's last wife was poet Yulia Drunina.
- 1926 The Overcoat (actor)
- 1930 Pravo Na Zhenshchinu (A Licence to Have a Woman) (silent film, Ukrainfilm studio, Kiev, director), shown at the XXV Moscow International Film Festival, 2003
- 1931 Shakhta 12–28 (Mine 12-28) (director)
- 1939 Lenin v 1918 Godu (Lenin in 1918) (screenwriter)
- 1942 Slavny Maly (A Good Lad) (screenwriter)
- 1943 Den za Dnyom (Day After Day) (screenwriter)
- 1957 Za Vitrinoy Univermaga (Behind Show-Window) (screenwriter)
- 1976 Sinyaya Ptitsa (The Blue Bird) (screenwriter)
- 1987 Soshedshie s nebes (Descended From the Heavens), Lenfilm studio, is based on Kapler's story, Two of Twenty Millions.
- 1996 Vozvrashchenie bronenostsa (Return of the Battleship) is based on Kapler's story, Return of the Battleship
Notes and references
- The Soviet Theater: A Documentary History
- The People's Artist : Prokofiev's Soviet Years: Prokofiev's Soviet Years
- Российская газета: «Кинопанорама любви»
- Энциклопедия «Кругосвет»
- Sopelnyak, Boris. "10 лет за ночь с дочерью Сталина" (735). Mir Novostey. Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Sopelnyak, Boris. "10 лет за ночь с дочерью Сталина. Ending" (736). Mir Novostey. Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- http://www.psj.ru/date/detail.php?ID=7382 Boris Sopelniak Ten Years in Jail for a Kiss from Stalin’s Daughter
- Biography of Aleksei Kapler on kino-teatr.ru