|Country||Soviet Union (until 1991)|
Latvia (1991–95, 2011–18)
Spain (1995–2011, since 2018)
|Born||4 July 1972|
|FIDE rating||2655 (October 2023)|
|Peak rating||2755 (January 2008)|
|Ranking||No. 80 (October 2023)|
|Peak ranking||No. 2 (January 1994)|
Alexei Shirov (Russian: Алексе́й Дми́триевич Ши́ров, romanized: Alexey Dmitrievich Shirov, Latvian: Aleksejs Širovs; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess player. Shirov was ranked number two in the world in 1994.
Shirov became the world under-16 champion in 1988 and was the runner-up at the World Junior Championship in 1990 (second on tiebreaks to Ilya Gurevich). In the same year, he achieved the title of Grandmaster. Shirov is the winner of numerous international tournaments: Biel 1991, Madrid 1997 (shared first place with Veselin Topalov), Ter Apel 1997, Monte Carlo 1998, Mérida 2000, Paul Keres Memorial Rapid Tournament in Tallinn (2004, 2005, 2011, 2012, 2013), Canadian Open Chess Championship 2005.
He reached second on the FIDE rating list in January and July 1994, behind Anatoly Karpov, though Garry Kasparov was excluded from those lists and was rated higher. In 1998, Shirov's ranking rose again, to number four in the PCA rating list. On the basis of this rating, he was invited to play a ten-game match against Vladimir Kramnik to select a challenger for PCA World Champion Garry Kasparov. Shirov won the match with two wins, no losses and seven draws. However, the plans for the Kasparov match fell through when sufficient financial backing could not be found. When Kasparov instead played Kramnik for Kasparov's world title in 2000, Shirov maintained that the match was invalid and he was the rightful challenger.
In May–June 2007 he played in the Candidates Tournament of the World Chess Championship 2007. He won his first-round match against Michael Adams (+1−1=4, won in rapid playoff), but was eliminated when he lost his second-round match to Levon Aronian (+0−1=5). As of 2023,[update] this is Shirov's last appearance at a Candidates Tournament.
In September 2010, Shirov participated in the Grand Slam Chess Masters preliminary tournament in Shanghai, where he faced world No. 4 Levon Aronian, world No. 5 Vladimir Kramnik, and Wang Hao; the top two scorers qualified for the Grand Slam final supertournament from October 9 to 15 in Bilbao against world No. 1 Magnus Carlsen and World Champion Viswanathan Anand. After drawing his first two games, Shirov then won three consecutive games, including his first victory over Kramnik since 2003. Finishing with 4½/6 points, Shirov won the tournament, qualifying along with Kramnik for the Grand Slam final.
In May 2011, Shirov won a strong round-robin tournament in Lublin, Poland, the 3rd Lublin Union Memorial 2011 with a score of 5/7. In December 2011, he switched back federations from Spain to Latvia.
In August 2013, he played in the Chess World Cup. He won his first-round match against Hou Yifan, and was eliminated when he lost his second round match to Wei Yi. In August 2015, Shirov won the 5th Riga Technical University Open edging out Robert Hovhannisyan on tiebreak score, after both players finished on 7½/9. In March 2017, Shirov won the Mikhail Tal Memorial blitz tournament in Jūrmala scoring 9½/11 points.
In September 2020, during the FIDE Online Chess Olympiad 2020, Shirov won the Gazprom Brilliancy Prize for his win as Black against Danyyil Dvirnyy in the Slav Defense, involving a queen sacrifice in a queenside attack, and achieved an overall score of 13/15 (+12−1=2) playing for the Spanish team.
Through February and March 2022, Shirov played in the FIDE Grand Prix 2022. In the first leg, he placed fourth in Pool D with a 1.5/6 result. In the second leg, he tied with Vladimir Fedoseev for third in Pool C with a result of 2.5/6, finishing last in the standings with one point.
In July 2023, Shirov played in the 2023 Canadian Chess Championship. Shirov placed first in the Open section with a result of 8.5/10.
Shirov is of Russian descent. In 1994 he married an Argentine, Verónica Alvarez, moved to Tarragona, and became a citizen of Spain. He was married to Lithuanian Viktorija Čmilytė, also a chess grandmaster, from 2001 to 2007. Shortly before the Shanghai 2010 tournament, Shirov got married for a third time to WIM Olga Dolgova. At that time he still played for Spain, but he and his wife also had an apartment in Riga, Latvia.
- 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e4 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Bg7 7.Bb5+ c6 8.Ba4 0-0 9.Ne2 Nd7 10.0-0 e5 11.f3 Qe7 12.Be3 Rd8 13.Qc2 Nb6 14.Bb3 Be6 15.Rad1 Nc4 16.Bc1 b5 17.f4 exd4 18.Nxd4 Bg4 19.Rde1 Qc5 20.Kh1 a5 21.h3 Bd7 22.a4 bxa4 23.Ba2 Be8 24.e5 Nb6 25.f5 Nd5 26.Bd2 Nb4 27.Qxa4 Nxa2 28.Qxa2 Bxe5 29.fxg6 hxg6 30.Bg5 Rd5 31.Re3 Qd6 32.Qe2 Bd7 33.c4 Bxd4 34.cxd5 Bxe3 35.Qxe3 Re8 36.Qc3 Qxd5 37.Bh6 Re5 38.Rf3 Qc5 39.Qa1 Bf5 40.Re3 f6 41.Rxe5 Qxe5 42.Qa2+ Qd5 43.Qxd5+ cxd5 44.Bd2 a4 45.Bc3 Kf7 46.h4 Ke6 47.Kg1 Bh3!! (diagram) 48.gxh3 Kf5 49.Kf2 Ke4 50.Bxf6 d4 51.Be7 Kd3 52.Bc5 Kc4 53.Be7 Kb3 0–1
Shirov's bishop sacrifice (47...Bh3!!) is considered one of the greatest chess moves of all time.
Shirov has written two books on his best games:
- Shirov, Alexei (1995). Fire on Board: Shirov's Best Games. Everyman Chess. ISBN 1-85744-150-8.
- Shirov, Alexei (2005). Fire on Board, Part 2: 1997–2004. Everyman Chess. ISBN 1-85744-382-9.
- FIDE Rating List: January 1994. OlimpBase.
- "Alexei Shirov wins Keres Memorial in Tallinn". ChessBase. 2011-01-10. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Alexei Shirov Wins Paul Keres Memorial". Chessdom. 2012-01-08. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Doggers, Peter (2013-01-16). "Shirov again first at Paul Keres Memorial Rapid". ChessVibes. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- 1998–99 World Chess Council, Mark Week's Chess pages
- Interview by Hartmut Metz, May 2000, translation by Harald Fietz
- "Final Chess Masters 2010 in Shanghai and Bilbao". Chessbase.com. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- "Shanghai Masters: Shirov beats Kramnik to take the lead". Chessbase.com. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- Mark Crowther – Wednesday 8th September 2010 (2010-09-08). "Shanghai Masters 2010". Chess.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- "Shirov steals the show in Lublin | Blogs, ChessVibes | Chess Tactics – Discuss Chess and Learn Chess – Chess News – Nebraska Chess – Chess Nebraska – Play Through Chess Games Online". Discusschess.com. 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2012-03-19.[permanent dead link]
- Player transfers in 2011. FIDE.
- "Aivars Gipslis Memorial – Alexei Shirov clear first". Chessdom. 2012-02-12. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- "An interview with Alexei Shirov at the FIDE World Cup 2013". ChessVibes. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "GM Alexei Shirov clinches the title in 5th Riga Technical University Open". Chessdom. 2015-08-19. Archived from the original on 2018-08-22. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
- "The Week in Chess 1165". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
- "The Week in Chess 1311". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2020-07-09.
- "Alexei Shirov wins Gazprom Brilliancy Prize". ChessBase. 2020-09-05. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
- "The Week in Chess 1370". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2021-02-19.
- ChessBase interview with Ruslan Ponomariov (see last paragraph), November 12, 2008
- l'Ami, Alina (2011-03-10). "Interview with Olga Dolgova, the woman behind a top GM!". Official website of Alina l'Ami. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Topalov vs. Shirov, Linares 1998". Chessgames.com.
- Content (ColinStapczynski), Director of Written. "The 10 Best Chess Moves Of All Time". Chess.com.
- Kirillov, Valentin (2017). Team Tal: An Inside Story. Moscow: Elk and Ruby Publishing House. ISBN 978-5-950-04330-7.