Alexei Smirnov (physicist)
Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov
|Born||October 16, 1951|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
|Known for||Mikheyev–Smirnov–Wolfenstein effect|
|Awards||Bruno Pontecorvo Prize (2005)|
Sakurai Prize (2008)
Albert Einstein Medal (2016)
|Institutions||INR RAS, ICTP,|
Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
Alexei Smirnov graduated from MSU Faculty of Physics of Moscow State University in 1974. In 1977, he began to work at the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR) of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, where he received his Candidate of Sciences degree in 1979. In 1989, he received a degree of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical sciences. He also taught at the Faculty of Physics of Moscow State University in the period from 1982 to 1990.
Smirnov joined the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy in 1992 as a staff-associate while continuing his affiliation with INR (Moscow) as a leading research scientist. He became a staff member with ICTP in 1997 and where he held the position of principal research scientist. Since 2015 he is a permanent scientist and Max-Planck Fellow at the Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik (MPIK) in Heidelberg.
Research and achievements
The main area of Smirnov's research is neutrino physics and astrophysics. In 1984—1985, following earlier work by Lincoln Wolfenstein, Smirnov, together with Stanislav Mikheyev, uncovered effects of resonance enhancement of neutrino oscillations in matter and the adiabatic conversion in non-uniform media known now as the Mikheyev–Smirnov–Wolfenstein effect (MSW effect).Solutions to the solar neutrino problem based on the MSW effect have been proposed. The effects were also applied to supernova neutrinos and neutrinos of various origins propagating in the Earth.
In the following years Smirnov and his colleagues developed a number of aspects of theory and phenomenology of neutrino conversion in various media. Currently Smirnov is working on implications of the obtained neutrino results for fundamental physics (quark-lepton complementarity, unification, etc.) as well as on future programs of studies in neutrino physics.
Smirnov is a co-recipient of the 2005 Bruno Pontecorvo Prize "for his prediction and study of the influence of matter on neutrino oscillations". For his lifetime achievements in physics Smirnov was named Humboldt Research Fellow. This is one of the Germany's most prestigious awards in science which enables outstanding scientists and scholars from abroad to spend up to six months at the Humboldt Institute to carry out research on projects of their own choosing. Alexei Smirnov and Stanislav Mikheyev were awarded the 2008 Sakurai Prize "for pioneering and influential work on the enhancement of neutrino oscillations in matter, which is essential to a quantitative understanding of the solar neutrino flux".
Smirnov is an editor of the Journal of High Energy Physics and Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics and a divisional associate editor for Physical Review Letters. He is also member of the advisory board of the journal Universe. His awards and honors also include the Biedenharn endowed chair in physics (University of Texas, Austin, 2002), the award of the Japanese Society for promotion of science (2004), an Alexander von Humboldt Foundation research award (2004), and the Erwin Schrödinger guest professorship (Vienna, 2007), as well as the 2016 Albert Einstein Medal.
- "The Lawrence C. Biedenharn Endowed Chair in Physics". Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
- "Alexei Smirnov Max-Planck-Fellow am MPIK" (in German). Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
- Mikeyev, S.P.; Smirnov, A.Yu. (1985). "Resonance Amplification of Oscillations in Matter and Spectroscopy of Solar Neutrinos". Yadernaya Fizika. 42: 1441–1448. Bibcode:1985YaFiz..42.1441M.
- Mikeyev, S.P; Smirnov, A.Yu (1987). "Neutrino Oscillations in an Inhomogeneous Medium: Adiabatic Regime". Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 92: 404. Bibcode:1987ZhETF..92..404M.
- Mikheyev, S.P.; Smirnov, A.Yu. (1987). "Resonance Oscillations of Neutrinos in Matter". Sov. Phys. Usp. 30 (9): 759–790. Bibcode:1987SvPhU..30..759M. doi:10.1070/PU1987v030n09ABEH002961.
- Mikeyev, S.P.; Smirnov, A.Yu. (1986). "Neutrino Oscillations in a Variable Density Medium and Neutrino Bursts Due to the Gravitational Collapse of Stars". Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91: 7–13. arXiv:0706.0454. Bibcode:1986ZhETF..91....7M.
- "2018 Stanley Corrsin Award Recipient". www.aps.org. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
- Krastev, P.I.; Smirnov, P.I. (1989). "Parametric Effects in Neutrino Oscillations". Phys. Lett. B. 226 (3–4): 341–346. Bibcode:1989PhLB..226..341K. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(89)91206-9.
- Krastev, P.I.; Smirnov, P.I. (1991). "Spin – flavor conversion and time variations of solar neutrino signals". Z. Phys. C. 49 (4): 675–681. Bibcode:1991ZPhyC..49..675K. doi:10.1007/BF01483584. S2CID 119449106.
- Akhmedov, E.Kh.; Krastev, P.I.; Smirnov, A.Yu. (1991). "Resonant neutrino spin flip transitions in twisting magnetic fields". Z. Phys. C. 52 (4): 701–709. Bibcode:1991ZPhyC..52..701A. doi:10.1007/BF01562347. S2CID 119774437.
- Krastev, P.I.; Smirnov, A.Yu. (1991). "Density perturbations and resonant conversion of neutrinos". Mod. Phys. Lett. A. 6 (11): 1001–1009. Bibcode:1991MPLA....6.1001K. doi:10.1142/S0217732391001056.
- "Smirnov Wins 2005 Pontecorvo Prize". Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
- "Honours". Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. 2004-11-01. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
- "2008 J.J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
- "ICTP Physicist Awarded Einstein Medal". Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. 2016-02-03. Retrieved 2020-03-15.