Alexey Sudayev

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Alexey Ivanovich Sudayev
Могила конструктора-оружейника Алексея Судаева.JPG
Sudayev's grave at Vagankovo Cemetery
Born Alexey Ivanovich Sudayev
(1912-08-23)August 23, 1912
Alatyr, Simbirsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died August 17, 1946(1946-08-17) (aged 33)
Moscow, Russian SSR, Soviet Union
Alma mater Gorky Industrial Institute
Occupation inventor, engineer

Alexey Ivanovich Sudayev (Russian: Алексе́й Ива́нович Суда́ев; 23 August 1912 – 17 August 1946) was a Soviet firearm designer. He created the PPS submachine gun and the AS-44 assault rifle.

He lived in Leningrad, and participated in the defense of the city. The PPS was developed to be mass-produced for the defense of Leningrad.

Sudayev designed one of the first Soviet assault rifles for the new intermediate cartridge 7.62×39mm, the AS-44. The first prototype was tested in 1944, and found to function adequately by the Soviet army, though it was considered too heavy at 5.6 kg. Sudayev then worked on a second, lighter prototype that weighed only 5.35 kg. However, the second prototype had accuracy and reliability problems, which needed to be resolved.[1] Unfortunately, Sudayev became seriously ill and died in 1946 (a week before his 34th birthday) before his design could be finalized.[2]


  1. ^ Сергей МОНЕТЧИКОВ, РУССКИЕ ОРУЖЕЙНИКИ: Жизнь, оборвавшаяся на взлете БРАТИШКА, October 2002 issue
  2. ^ John Francis Nejez Bradley (1977). Sydney L. Mayer, ed. The Russian war machine, 1917-1945. Chartwell Books. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-86124-379-2.