In 1827 he studied under Alexandre Brongniart at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris, and up until 1854, worked for the Ministère des affaires etrangères. Afterwards, he devoted himself to mineralogical research, achieving fame for his research involving the chemical composition of many different minerals.
In addition to his solo analyses of various minerals, with Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, he studied obsidian under high temperatures, and with Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville, he investigated the nature of columbite. Also, he is credited with the discovery of numerous new mineral species; faujasite, bertrandite, jacobsite and alluaudite, to name a few. In 1854 he named the mineral descloizite in honor of Alfred Des Cloizeaux. In 1845 Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse named a variety of muscovite, "damourite", in his honor.
In 1857 he was appointed president of the Société géologique de France, and in 1881, by way of a recommendation from Wolfgang Franz von Kobell, he became a member of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences. His collections are held by the Muséum de Toulouse.
- Biographie de Alexis Damour sur le site de la Société Géologique de France, par Jean Gaudant.
- The Mineralogical Record Archived 2016-03-09 at the Wayback Machine. Augustin Alexis Damour Collection (biography)
- Prosopo Sociétés savantes de France
- A Dictionary of the Names of Minerals Including Their History and Etymology by Albert Huntington Chester
- Mindat.org Alluaudite (of Damour)
- Mindat.org Descloizite
- Mindat.org Damourite
- IDREF.fr Bibliographical works by Augustin Alexis Damour.
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