Alfa Romeo 166

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Alfa Romeo 166
Alfa Romeo 166 front 20080303.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerAlfa Romeo
Production1996 – 2007[1] (LHD)
1998 – 2005 (RHD)
Model years1999–2007
AssemblyRivalta, Turin, Italy (1996–2002)[2]
Mirafiori, Turin, Italy (2002–2007)
DesignerWalter de'Silva at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style4-door saloon
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
RelatedLancia Kappa
Trumpchi GA5[3][4][5]
Trumpchi GS5[3][4][5]
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,720 mm (185.8 in)
Width1,815 mm (71.5 in)
1,800 mm (70.9 in) (from 2003)
Height1,416 mm (55.7 in)
Curb weight1,420–1,550 kg (3,130–3,420 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorAlfa Romeo 164

The Alfa Romeo 166 (Type 936) is an executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo, between October 1996 and June 2007. The car was designed by Centro Stile Alfa Romeo, under the control of Walter de Silva, and was facelifted in September 2003. Production commenced on 31 October 1996.

History[edit]

The 166 is rumoured to have had a troubled genesis. The vehicle was designed before the 156, having been almost signed off for production at the end of 1994. At that time, Alfa Romeo sales were flagging, and the project was shelved in order to concentrate on the development and launch of the Alfa Romeo 156.

In order to keep the design fresh, Alfa Romeo made a series of modifications to the Lancia Kappa based underpinnings, radically changing the suspension set up and also taking a clean paper approach to the interior.[7] The 166 was the replacement for the Alfa Romeo 164. Production began in the end of 1996, and model was available from the end of 1998.

Alfa Romeo 166, prior to facelift

The car was initially available with a 2.0 litre Twin Spark (155 PS), a 2.5 V6 (190 PS), a 3.0 V6 (226 PS) or a V6 2.0 Turbo (205 PS) petrol engine. Diesel engines were a L5 2.4 10v common rail turbodiesel version with 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp), 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) and 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) output, praised for its refinement.

The TS model used a five speed manual gearbox, whilst the 2.5 and 3.0 had the option of a Sportronic automatic gearbox. The 3.0 V6, L5 2.4 and V6 Turbo were otherwise supplied with a six speed manual gearbox.

The top models were named "Super", and included MOMO leather interior, 17" alloy wheels, rain sensitive wipers, cruise control, climate control and ICS (Integrated Control System) with colour screen. Options included xenon headlamps, GSM connectivity and satellite navigation.

Suspension was by double wishbones at the front and a multi link setup at the rear.

2003 Facelift[edit]

Alfa Romeo 166, facelifted model

In September 2003, the 166 was substantially revised, with the début at the Frankfurt Motor Show. As well as upgrades to the chassis, interior, and the engine range, the styling was substantially altered. The new front end resembled the also recently revised 156.

The 2.0 V6 Turbo model was dropped because of marketing problems, the V6 2.5 was re rated at 188 PS (138 kW; 185 hp) and a 3.2 litre V6 (240 PS) was introduced. Both the new 3.2 litre and the 2.0 Twin Spark models now featured the six speed manual gearbox, whilst the 3.0 model was retained, but made available only in Sportronic form.

In the diesel sector, the L5 2.4 was re engineered with Multi-Jet technology which allows up to five injections per cycle, second stage common rail, with maximum injection pressure of 1400 bar and four valves per cylinder, to output a class leading 175 PS (129 kW; 173 hp).

End of production[edit]

In October 2005, the Alfa Romeo 166 was officially withdrawn from sale in markets for RHD. Sales of the 166 never grew as Alfa had hoped, following the facelift in September 2003, and the additional lack of a diesel engine in the United Kingdom, Australian, and Irish markets limited its reach into company car sectors. This was as the 2.4 JTD diesel engine was only optional on markets for LHD.

In June 2007, production of the 166 effectively ended, with no direct successor. In September 2008, the platform was sold to the Chinese state run manufacturer GAC Group.[8] In total, less than 100,000 units were made.

In August 2009, Autocar named the 166 as "Britain's Worst Depreciating Used Car", as it held just 14.4% of its original used value after three years.[9]

Engines[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0-100 km/h,s Top Speed,km/h Note
First generation of engines
2.0 TS I4 1,970 cc 114 kW (155 PS) at 6400 rpm 187 N⋅m (138 lb⋅ft) at 2800 rpm 9,6 213 Euro2
2.0 TB V6 1,996 cc 151 kW (205 PS) at 6000 rpm 285 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) at 2500 rpm 8,1 237 Italian tax model
2.5 V6 V6 2,492 cc 140 kW (190 PS) at 6200 rpm 222 N⋅m (164 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm 8,4
9,5 Sportronic
225
220 Sportronic
Euro2
3.0 V6 V6 2,959 cc 166 kW (226 PS) at 6200 rpm 275 N⋅m (203 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm 7,8
8,5 Sportronic
243
237 Sportronic
Euro2
2.4 JTD I5 2,387 cc 100 kW (136 PS) at 4000 rpm 304 N⋅m (224 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm 9,9 202
Second generation of engines, MY 2001
2.0 TS I4 1,970 cc 110 kW (150 PS) at 6300 rpm 181 N⋅m (133 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm 9,8 211 Euro3
2.5 V6 V6 2,492 cc 138 kW (188 PS) at 6300 rpm 221 N⋅m (163 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm 8,4
9,5 Sportronic
225
220 Sportronic
Euro3
3.0 V6 V6 2,959 cc 162 kW (220 PS) at 6300 rpm 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm 7,8
8,6 Sportronic
241
237 Sportronic
Euro3
2.4 JTD 10v I5 2,387 cc 103/110 kW (140/150 PS) at 4000 rpm 305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft) at 1800 rpm 9,9 210
Third generation of engines, MY 2003 facelift
2.0 TS I4 1,970 cc 110 kW (150 PS) at 6400 rpm 181 N⋅m (133 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm 9,8 211
2.5 V6 V6 2,492 cc 138 kW (188 PS) at 6300 rpm 221 N⋅m (163 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm 8,4 225
3.0 V6 V6 2,959 cc 162 kW (220 PS) at 6300 rpm 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm 8,6 Sportronic 236 Sportronic
3.2 V6 V6 3,179 cc 177 kW (240 PS) at 6200 rpm 289 N⋅m (213 lb⋅ft) at 4800 rpm 7,4 245
2.4 JTD 10v I5 2,387 cc 110 kW (150 PS) at 4000 rpm 305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft) at 1800 rpm 9,9 210
2.4 JTD M-Jet 20v I5 2,387 cc 129/136 kW (175/185 PS) at 4000 rpm 385 N⋅m (284 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm
330 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm (Sportronic)
8,9
8,9 Sportronic
222
218 Sportronic
(depend on model year)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alfa 147 156 166 GT Production Dates". bozhdynsky.com. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  2. ^ "FIAT S P A, Form 20-F, Filing Date Jun 30, 2004". secdatabase.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "GAC Trumpchi Listing". dautomotives.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
  4. ^ a b "New GAC SUV to make market debut next year". Gasgoo. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Guangzhou Auto Trumpchi GS5 listed & priced in China". China Car News. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  6. ^ "AWE Products". aweurope.net. Archived from the original on 2005-02-23. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
  7. ^ "Alfa Romeo 166 (1999 - 2005) used car review". www.rac.co.uk. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Alfa Romeo sells defunct 166 platform to Guangzhou Auto". motorauthority.com. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
  9. ^ "Alfa 166 loses the most value". 26 August 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2016.

External links[edit]