Alfa Romeo 166
|Alfa Romeo 166|
|Production||31 October 1998 – 30 June 2007 (LHD)
1 October 1998 – 1 October 2005 (RHD) (99,406)
|Assembly||Rivalta, Turin, Italy (1998–2002)
Mirafiori, Turin, Italy (2002–2007)
|Designer||Walter de'Silva at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
|Engine||2.0 L I4 petrol (Twin Spark)
2.0 L V6 t/c petrol
2.5 L V6 petrol
3.0 L V6 petrol
3.2 L V6 petrol
2.4 L I5 t/c diesel (JTD; LHD only)
4-speed automatic (ZF 4HP20)
5-speed automatic (AW 50-5ECT-i)
|Wheelbase||2,700 mm (106.3 in)|
|Length||4,720 mm (185.8 in)|
|Width||1,815 mm (71.5 in)
1,800 mm (70.9 in) (from 2003)
|Height||1,416 mm (55.7 in)|
|Curb weight||1,420–1,550 kg (3,130–3,420 lb)|
|Predecessor||Alfa Romeo 164|
The Alfa Romeo 166 (Type 936) is an executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1998 and 2007. The car was designed by Centro Stile Alfa Romeo under the control of Walter de Silva and was facelifted in 2003.
The 166 was the replacement for the Alfa Romeo 164, and although the 164 had styling which was far from orthodox, the 166 with its drooping headlamps and pointed nose still raised many eyebrows. The styling was very much in keeping with Alfa's corporate style of the time, which had begun with the smaller 156 model. Production began in late 1996 and model was available from 1998.
The car was initially available with a 2.0-litre Twin Spark (155 PS), a 2.5 V6 (190 PS), a 3.0 V6 (226 PS) or a V6 2.0 Turbo (205 PS) petrol engine. Diesel engines were an L5 2.4 10v common rail turbodiesel version with 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp), 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) and 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) output, praised for its refinement. The TS model used a 5-speed manual gearbox, whilst the 2.5 and 3.0 had the option of a Sportronic automatic gearbox. The 3.0 V6, L5 2.4 and V6 Turbo were otherwise supplied with a six-speed manual gearbox.
The top models were named "Super" and included MOMO leather interior, 17" alloy wheels, rain sensitive wipers, cruise control, climate control and ICS (Integrated Control System) with colour screen. Options included xenon headlamps, GSM connectivity and satellite navigation. Suspension systems comprised double wishbones at the front and a multi-link setup for the rear.
Though the car's handling characteristics, engine range and elegant exterior design received praise from many, including Jeremy Clarkson, it did not become a strong seller to rival the dominant German brands in the European executive car sector.
In September 2003, the 166 underwent a substantial revamp, with the début at the Frankfurt Motor Show. As well as upgrades to the chassis, interior, and the engine range, the styling was substantially altered. The new front end resembled the also recently revamped 156, and lost its famous drooping headlights. The 2.0 V6 Turbo model was dropped because of marketing problems, the V6 2.5 was re-rated at 188 PS (138 kW; 185 hp) and a 3.2 litre V6 (240 PS) was introduced.
Both the new 3.2 litre and the 2.0 Twin Spark models now featured the six-speed manual gearbox, whilst the 3.0 model was retained but made available only in Sportronic form. In the diesel sector, the L5 2.4 was re-engineered with Multi-Jet technology which allows up to 5 injections per cycle, second stage common rail with maximum injection pressure of 1400 bar and 4 valves per cylinder to output a class leading 175 PS (129 kW; 173 hp).
End of production
The Alfa Romeo 166 was withdrawn from sale in RHD markets in October 2005. Sales of the 166 never grew as Alfa had hoped following the 2003 facelift, and the additional lack of a diesel engine in the United Kingdom, Australian & Irish markets limited its reach into company car sectors, as the 2.4 JTD diesel engine was only optional on LHD market cars.
Production of the 166 ended in 2007, with no direct successor. In September 2008, the platform was sold to the Chinese state run manufacturer GAC Group. In total, less than 100,000 units were made.
|First generation of engines, pre-facelift|
|2.0 TS||I4||1,970 cc||114 kW (155 PS) at 6400 rpm||187 N·m (138 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm||Euro2|
|2.0 TB||V6||1,996 cc||151 kW (205 PS) at 6000 rpm||285 N·m (210 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm||Italian tax model|
|2.5 V6||V6||2,492 cc||140 kW (190 PS) at 6200 rpm||222 N·m (164 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm||Euro2|
|3.0 V6||V6||2,959 cc||166 kW (226 PS) at 6200 rpm||275 N·m (203 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm||Euro2|
|2.4 JTD||I5||2,387 cc||100 kW (136 PS) at 4000 rpm||304 N·m (224 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm|
|Second generation of engines, pre-facelift|
|2.0 TS||I4||1,970 cc||110 kW (150 PS) at 6300 rpm||181 N·m (133 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm||Euro3|
|2.5 V6||V6||2,492 cc||138 kW (188 PS) at 6300 rpm||221 N·m (163 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm||Euro3|
|3.0 V6||V6||2,959 cc||162 kW (220 PS) at 6300 rpm||265 N·m (195 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm||Euro3|
|2.4 JTD||I5||2,387 cc||103/110 kW (140/150 PS) at 4000 rpm||305 N·m (225 lb·ft) at 1800 rpm|
|Third generation of engines, post-facelift|
|2.0 TS||I4||1,970 cc||110 kW (150 PS) at 6400 rpm||181 N·m (133 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm|
|2.5 V6||V6||2,492 cc||138 kW (188 PS) at 6300 rpm||221 N·m (163 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm|
|3.0 V6||V6||2,959 cc||162 kW (220 PS) at 6300 rpm||265 N·m (195 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm|
|3.2 V6||V6||3,179 cc||177 kW (240 PS) at 6200 rpm||289 N·m (213 lb·ft) at 4800 rpm||Euro 4|
|2.4 JTD||I5||2,387 cc||110 kW (150 PS) at 4000 rpm||305 N·m (225 lb·ft) at 1800 rpm|
|2.4 JTDm||I5||2,387 cc||129/136 kW (175/185 PS) at 4000 rpm||385 N·m (284 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm||(depend on model year)|
- "Alfa 147 156 166 GT Production Dates". bozhdynsky.com. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- "FIAT S P A Filing Date:6/30/2004". sec.edgar-online.com. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
- "GAC Trumpchi Listing". dautomotives.com. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "New GAC SUV to make market debut next year". Gasgoo. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "Guangzhou Auto Trumpchi GS5 listed & priced in China". China Car News. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "AWE Products". aweurope.net. Archived from the original on 2005-02-23. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
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