Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale
|Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale|
|Production||November 1967–March 1969|
|Assembly||Milan, Italy (Carrozzeria Marazzi)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Layout||Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive|
|Related||Alfa Romeo Tipo 33|
|Engine||2.0 L V8|
|Transmission||6-speed Colotti manual|
|Wheelbase||2,350 mm (92.5 in)|
|Length||3,970 mm (156.3 in)|
|Width||1,710 mm (67.3 in)|
|Height||991 mm (39.0 in)|
|Curb weight||700 kg (1,543 lb)|
The Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale is a mid-engined sports car built by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. 18 examples were produced between 1967 and 1969. "Stradale" (Italian for "road-going") is a term often used by Italian car manufacturers to indicate a street-legal version of a racing car; indeed the 33 Stradale was derived from the Tipo 33 sports prototype.
- 1 History
- 2 Specifications
- 3 Price and value
- 4 Concept cars
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The 33 Stradale, first built in 1967, was based on the Autodelta Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 racing car. The car, designed by Franco Scaglione, and built by Carrozzeria Marazzi, made its debut at the 1967 Turin Motorshow.
The first prototype (chassis no. 10533.01) was built at Autodelta's workshop in Settimo Milanese, side by side with the Tipo 33 "Periscopica" race car in 1967. The body was built by Franco Scaglione and his men, while Autodelta made the technical production. Another magnesium bodied prototype (chassis no. 10533.12) (planned for some street racing) was started by Scaglione. However, this was not finished until 1968 by Marazzi. The two prototypes are the only ones to have dual headlight arrangement. This was redesigned be Scaglione on the following production cars due to regulations on minimum headlight distance from the ground.
The two prototypes carry the projects original serial numbers, 105.33.xx. However, the Tipo 33 racing- and production Stradales got 750.33.0xx (racing) and 750.33.1xx (stradale) chassis numbers. Marazzi claims to have built 18 chassis. 5 of them were used for 6 concept cars (one chassis was used twice) by Pininfarina, Bertone and Giugiaro/ItalDesign. Eight are confirmed with Scaglione's beautiful bodies. The rest are experimental or unconfirmed at this point. There are huge holes in the history of the Tipo 33s and the exact number (allegedly 18) of actual Stradale-chassis (with 10 cm longer wheelbase than the race cars) doesn't quite match the range of chassis numbers.
The car was introduced at the Sport Car Show at Monza, Italy in September 1967. Only 18 have been made. The prototype (chassis No. 10533.01) was sold to private Gallery Abarth, Japan. The second magnesium bodied Stradale prototype (chassis No. 10533.12) and the five concept cars are now part of the Alfa Romeo Museum.
Body and chassis
The 33 Stradale is the first production vehicle to feature dihedral doors, also known as butterfly doors. The 33 Stradale also features windows which seamlessly curve upward into the 'roof' of the vehicle. The car has aluminium body on aluminium tubular chassis. As a result of being built by hand, each model differs from the others for some details. For example, early models had twin headlights, replaced in the last ones by single lights. The position of the windscreen wiper, and even the number of them, is another thing that differentiates each example from the others. Also the late models have vents added behind both the front and rear wheels to allow hot air from the brakes to escape. The car has 13-inch Campagnolo magnesium wheels, the fronts eight and rears nine inches wide; there are Girling disc brakes on all four corners, the rear ones are inboard. Suspension is like in mid-1960s race car with upper and lower control arms in front and double trailing arms in the rear, along with substantial antiroll bars.
|Type||90° V8 DOHC|
|Displacement||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in)|
|Power||230 bhp (170 kW) at 8,800 rpm|
|Torque||200 N·m (150 lb·ft) at 7,000 rpm|
|Top speed||260 km/h (160 mph)|
|0–97 km/h (0-60 mph)||5.5 seconds|
Engine and transmission
The race-bred engine bore no relation to the mass-produced units in Alfa's more mainstream vehicles. The engine is closely related to the V8 of the Alfa Montreal, albeit with smaller capacity and in a much higher state of tune. Both engines were derived from the 33 racers‘ but differed in many details. Both engines had chain driven camshafts as opposed to the racers‘ gear driven ones, but the Stradale kept the racing engine’s flat plane crankshaft, whereas the Montreal engine had a cross plane crank. Race engineer Carlo Chiti designed an oversquare (78 mm (3.1 in) bore x 52.2 mm (2.1 in) stroke) dry-sump lubricated all aluminum 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) V8 that featured SPICA fuel injection, four ignition coils and 16 spark plugs. The engine used four chain-driven camshafts to operate the valve train and had a rev-limit of 10,000 rpm. The engine produced 230 hp (172 kW) at 8,800 rpm in road trim and 270 bhp (201 kW) in race trim. The engine valves are operated via chain-driven double-overhead cams and has a 10.5:1 compression ratio. Because every Stradale is hand built and unique the power levels can vary by car, used rpms etc., for example the first production Stradale (No. 750.33.101) has factory datasheet that claims 243 hp (181 kW) at 9,400 rpm with a "street" exhaust and 254 hp (189 kW) with open exhaust.
Although the Stradale is a road car, it has some limitations which may make the everyday use slightly hard, for example missing locks and the lack of ground clearance.
The car takes 5.5 seconds to reach 60 mph (96.6 km/h) from a standing start and has a top speed of 260 km/h (160 mph). In 1968 it was the fastest commercially available car in the standing kilometer with time of 24.0 seconds measured by German Auto, Motor und Sport magazine. Similar performance cars on that time were all using twice the Stradale`s cylinder capacity, the Lamborghini Miura, Ferrari Daytona and Maserati Ghibli.
Price and value
Built in an attempt by Alfa to make some of its racing technology available to the public, it was the most expensive automobile for sale to the public in 1968 at US$17,000 (when the average cost of a new car in 1968 was $2,822). In the same year, in Italy, the retail price for a 33 Stradale was 9,750,000 lire. Just to make a comparison, the Lamborghini Miura was sold for 7,700,000 lire, while the average worker's wage was about 150.000 lire. The Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale are hardly ever traded; thus their value is very hard to estimate. At the 2015 Detroit Auto Show, while presenting the Alfa 4C Spider, Alfa's Head of North America estimated the current market value of the 33 Stradale at "well over $10 million".
Five 33 Stradales were dressed with individual bodies by Italian coachbuilders:
|Alfa Romeo Carabo||Bertone||1968 Paris Motor Show|
|Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster[a]||Pininfarina||1968 Turin Auto Show|
|Alfa Romeo Iguana||Italdesign Giugiaro||1969 Turin Auto Show|
|Alfa Romeo 33/2 Coupé Speciale||Pininfarina||1969 Paris Motor Show||wheelbase: 2,350 mm (92.5 in)|
|length x width: 4,000 mm × 1,800 mm (157.5 in × 70.9 in)|
|weight: 720 kg (1,587 lb)|
|Alfa Romeo P33 Cuneo||Pininfarina||1971 Brussels Motor Show|
|Alfa Romeo Navajo||Bertone||1976 Geneva Motor Show||wheelbase: 2,430 mm (95.7 in)|
|length x width: 3,800 mm × 1,860 mm (149.6 in × 73.2 in)|
|height: 1,050 mm (41.3 in)|
|weight: 870 kg (1,918 lb)|
Alfa Romeo Carabo
The Alfa Romeo Navajo concept car was unveiled at the March 1976 Geneva Motor Show. The Navajo is based on the 33 Stradale chassis No. 750.33.11. It was given a full fibreglass coupé body. The car is equipped with 2 litre fuel injected (SPICA) V8 engine producing around 233 PS (171 kW; 230 hp) at 8800 rpm.
Pininfarina designed between 1969–1971 a total of three vehicles on two 33 Stradale chassis:
Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster
The Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster of 1968 was an open vehicle with a lower windscreen and a striking, painted in dark colour roll bar. The vehicle used in the chassis No. 750.33.108. It was at the Turin Motor Show, presented to the public in November 1968. Its whereabouts are unclear. Partly it is considered that the body of the P 33 was removed after the public exhibition, the chassis and two years later with the body of the Cuneo had been provided.
Alfa Romeo 33/2 Coupé Speciale
The Alfa Romeo 33/2 Coupé Speciale of 1969, also known as Alfa Romeo 33.2, is a Pininfarina designed concept car, first presented at the Paris Motor Show in 1969. This 2-door coupé was designed by Leonardo Fioravanti, then working at Pininfarina; the design was influenced by the Ferrari 250 P5 concept shown a year earlier at Geneva. The 33.2 featured hydraulically working butterfly doors and pop-up headlights.
It is based on the 33 Stradale chassis No. 750.33.115. It bore a striking yellow paint.
Alfa Romeo P33 Cuneo
The Pininfarina Cuneo was an open, wedge-designed sports car that was presented at the Brussels Motor Show in January 1971 and probably also based on the chassis No. 750.33.108.
Alfa Romeo Iguana
Italdesign, founded by Giorgio Giugiaro presented the Iguana at the Turin Motor Show in November 1969, it is a closed two-seater sports coupé with an unusually high hedge on the basis of the chassis No. 750.33.116. The design showed some new elements, that Giugiaro few years later introduced in production vehicle designs. Thus, the body of the Iguana was made of brushed steel, this concept Giugiaro realized later when De Lorean DMC-12. The front end of the Iguana Giugiaro quoted in his designs for Maserati models Bora and Merak, and the rear end with the high-mounted tail lights were put into production in the Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint. Allegedly, a serial production of the Iguana was planned, the intention never realized, however.
- later rebodied by Pininfarina into the Cuneo
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- "Alfa Romeo 33 Part 1: 33 Stradale". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
- "Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 Stradale (1967)". autozine.org. Archived from the original on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
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- "Ruoteclassiche special "Le otto cilindri Alfa Romeo", September 2008". Ruoteclassiche (in Italian). Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Artemi, Paolo (19 March 1993). "Quando per l'auto lussuosa bastavano undici stipendi". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). p. 3. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Images of the Bertone Carabo". carbodydesign.com. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Alfa Romeo 33 Part 7: 33 Stradale Bertone 'Navajo'". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- "Alfa Romeo Navajo". bertone.it/. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- "Image of Sport Roadster". Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Présentation Alfa Romeo 33.2 Pininfarina". motorlegend.com (in French). Archived from the original on 7 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- Sparrow, David; John Tipler. Alfa Romeo Legends. ISBN 1-85532-646-9.
- "Image 33 Prototype of the Alfa Tipo Pininfarina Speciale". Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Cuneo". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
- "Iguana". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale.|
- German article of Stradale with chassis numbers
- Brief story and original pictures about the 33 Stradale and five of the derived concepts
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