Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione

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Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione
Alfa Romeo 8C Spider
Alfa 8c 1.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Alfa Romeo
Production 2007–2009 (coupé)[1]
2008–2010 (spider)[2]
Assembly Modena, Italy (Maserati)[3]
Designer Wolfgang Egger at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door spider
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Related
Powertrain
Engine 4.7 L F136 YC V8
Transmission 6-speed semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,646 mm (104.2 in)[4]
Length 4,381 mm (172.5 in)[4]
Width 1,894 mm (74.6 in)[4]
Height 1,341 mm (52.8 in) (coupé)[4]
1,308 mm (51.5 in) (roadster)[5]
Curb weight 1,585 kg (3,494 lb) (coupé)[4]
1,675 kg (3,693 lb) (roadster)[5]
Chronology
Predecessor Alfa Romeo SZ & RZ

The Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione is a sports car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2007 and 2010. It was first presented as a concept car at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show and later offered for sale for the 2007 model year. The name refers to the eight-cylinder (cilindro in Italian) engine (8C) and Alfa Romeo's racing pedigree (Competizione, Italian for 'competition'). The company received over 1,400 orders for the 8C after the official announcement that the car would enter production.[6] However, only 500 customers ended up with the 8C Competizione and another 500 with the 8C Spider, bringing the production total to 1,000 cars.

2003 concept car[edit]

Alfa Romeo 8C concept
Rear view of 8C concept version

The 8C Competizione was first shown to the public at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2003. Designed by Wolfgang Egger at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo, the lines of the twin seater are meant to echo the styling of Alfa Romeos of the 1950s and 1960s, and the "Competizione" name is a reference to the 1948 6C 2500 Competizione,[7] which competed in the 1949 and 1950 Mille Miglia race and secured third position third both times. It was in the latter of these two races that the car was driven by Juan-Manuel Fangio and Augusto Zanardi. It won the 1950 Targa Florio. A 3.0-litre prototype was built but not produced. These 6C 2500 models were among the last vehicles with links to the pre-war cars. The concept was purely meant to be a styling excercise with no drive train.[8]

2007 production version[edit]

Rear view of production version
The 8C featured alloy wheels with a design that mimicked the clover leaf logo

During the Mondial de l'Automobile 2006, Alfa Romeo announced the production of the 8C Competizione (500 units). The production version is very similar to the concept; the biggest difference to the exterior being the rear-hinged hood.[9] Other minor changes included the front lights, which used Xenon lamps, a standard wiper system, a mesh side vent, and the wheels, which had a design that mimicked the cloverleaf logo. The car came standard in Alfa Red or Black colours. Pearl Yellow and the Special Competition Red were also available as an option.[10] Paint-to-sample colors were also available for an additional charge, and so, the cars were produced in a wide range of colours, such as white, with a Maserati range (Fuji White, Blue Avio, Blue Oceano, Grigio Nuvolari) and a Ferrari range (Blue Pozzi, Vinaccia {Aubergine}).[11] The bodyshell is made of carbon fibre, produced by ATR Group.

The carbon fibre body is fitted to a steel chassis, made by Italian company ITCA Produzione. Final assembly took place at the Maserati factory in Modena.[12]

An 8C Competizione was featured on the main sculpture at the 2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed. One of the two remaining Alfa Romeo P2s was also part of the display.[13]

Powertrain[edit]

The car uses a modified Maserati platform and powertrain (Maserati 4200, GranTurismo) and features a Ferrari/Maserati derived cross-plane[14] wet sump[15] lubricated 4.7 L (4,691 cc) 90° V8 engine assembled by Ferrari.[3] The top engine performance figures may be summarized as a maximum power of 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) at 7,000 rpm and a peak torque of 471 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) at 4,750 rpm (80% at 2,500 rpm) with an engine redline of 7,500 rpm and rev limiter of 7,600 rpm.[16] The V8 engine has variable timing, intake valves and a compression ratio of 11.3:1.[17]

The six–speed transaxle gearbox has computerized gear selection by means of paddles on the steering column and may be used in Manual-Normal; Manual-Sport; Automatic-Normal; Automatic-Sport and Wet modes. The gearbox can shift gears in 175 milliseconds when the Sport mode is selected.[18] The car also features a limited slip differential.

Performance[edit]

The 8C Competizione is fitted with specially developed 20-inch tyres: 245/35 at the front and 285/35 at the rear, wrapped around perforated wheels crafted from fluid moulded aluminium. The brakes of the car, which are Brembo carbon ceramic units have been called "phenomenal" by Road & Track magazine, with a stopping distance of 32 m (105.0 ft), when travelling at an initial speed of 97 km/h (60 mph).[16] The official top speed is officially quoted to be 292 km/h (181 mph) but it might be higher, with estimations that it could be around 306 km/h (190 mph) according to the Road & Track magazine.[19]

Specifications[4]
Top speed 292 km/h (181 mph) (official)
0–100 km/h (62 mph) 4.2 seconds
14 mile (402 m) 12.4 seconds @ 116.4 mph (187.3 km/h)[16]
Type V8 engine
Displacement 4,691 cc (4.7 L; 286.3 cu in)
Power 331 kW (450 PS; 444 hp) at 7,000 rpm
Torque 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) at 4,750 rpm[20]
Lateral Acceleration
(200 feet (61 m) skidpad)
1.02 g[16]
Fuel consumption (calculated from emissions)
16.25 L/100 km (17 mpg‑imp; 14 mpg‑US)

8C Spider[edit]

2005 Spider concept[edit]

At the 2005 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, Alfa Romeo unveiled the 8C Spider, a roadster version of the Competizione coupé concept presented in 2003. The Spider concept was built by Carrozzeria Marazzi.[21] Production of the 8C Spider was confirmed by Sergio Marchionne on September 25, 2007. It was announced that the Spider would be built in a limited production run of 500 units and would cost around US$227,000 (€165,000), considerably more than the coupé version.[22]

2008 production version[edit]

Alfa Romeo 8C Spider

The production version was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show.[23] Production of the 8C Spider began in 2009, in Modena, with Maserati in charge of manufacturing the cars as with the coupé. As previously announced, 500 cars were built, each priced at €199,000 (£174,000) excluding taxes. 35 of 500 Spiders were destined for the United States.[24] In the United States the 8C Spider had a base price of US$299,000.[25] In the October 2011 issue of Evo (magazine) the 8C Spider won the title of the 'Best Sounding Car'.

Alfa Romeo claims that the 8C Spider's top speed is 290 km/h (180 mph), which makes it slightly slower than the coupé version. The brakes on the Spider are Brembo carbon-ceramic units.[26] The Spider has a two-layer electrically operated fabric roof. The windshield frame is made of carbon fibre to try to maintain a 50/50 weight distribution.[27]

Production numbers, markets and notable owners[edit]

8C Competizione, original production numbers
Country Number of cars
USA 90
Italy 80
Germany 80
Japan 70
France 40
United Kingdom 40
Switzerland 35
Others 65
Total 500

The 8C Competizione was built in a limited production run of 500 units, and Alfa Romeo originally earmarked the entire production among several specified markets (see table).[28] The entire production of 500 cars quickly sold out. The 8C marked Alfa Romeo's return to the American market in 2008, after withdrawing in 1995. The first 8C was delivered to an Italian customer in October 2007. The first American-market 8C was seen in November 2008, wearing "001 USA" registration plates.[29] The car was purchased by film director and stock exchange magnate James Glickenhaus, also known for being the owner of the bespoke Ferrari Enzo-based P4/5.[30] The 8C's production run was completed by the end of 2008.[31] The last Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione was delivered to the United States to an Italian-American car collector from the Boston area.[32][33] One of the first 8C's delivered in Europe and the first in The Netherlands was delivered to Dutch Prince Bernhard Lucas Emmanuel.[34] The late Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne owned both an 8C Competizione and an 8C Spider.[35] Fiat President and owner John Elkann also owns an 8C Competizione in a special livery called Blu Oceano, which is part of the Maserati color range.[36] New York Mets player Yoenis Céspedes drove a cherry red 8C Competizione to training camp in Florida in February 2016.[37]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider". autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  2. ^ "Für diese Autos war 2010 Schluss". auto.t-online.de (in German). Retrieved 5 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Frankel, Andrew (21 October 2007). "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". driving.timesonline.co.uk. London. Retrieved 18 November 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Fahrbericht Alfa 8C Competizione — Hier kommt das Alfa-Tier". autobild.de (in German) (42). 23 October 2007. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider". automobilismo.it (in Italian). Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  6. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider: Price, specification, photo Alfa Romeo 8C Spider, wallpaper, reviews owners". FiveCar.net. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Alfa 8C Competizione". evo.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  8. ^ "Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Competizione". ultimatecarpage.com. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  9. ^ "Alfa 8C Passion show". evo.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 August 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  10. ^ "We drive the Alfa 8C Competizione". nextautos.com. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  11. ^ "Elenco colori extraserie 8C Competizione". Autopareri.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "05.03.2008 ALFA 8C SPIDER PRESENTED IN GENEVA". italiaspeed.com. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 6 March 2008. 
  13. ^ "2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed". AUSmotive.com. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  14. ^ "Alfa Romeo range brochure" (PDF). alfaromeo.co.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  15. ^ "2009 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione - First Drive Review". caranddriver.com. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione" (PDF). roadandtrack.com. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "Road and Track Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione Technical Data" (PDF). roadandtrack.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2009. 
  18. ^ "2009 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione preview". jdpower.com. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "Road Test: 2008 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". roadandtrack.com/article. Archived from the original on 29 November 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2007. 
  20. ^ "Alfa 8C Competizione - Press Releases - Fiat Chrysler Automobiles EMEA Press". Alfaromeopress.com. 2007-02-26. Retrieved 2018-06-22. 
  21. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider prototipo". marazzicar.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2008. 
  22. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider confirmed for 2009 launch". motorauthority.com. Retrieved 25 September 2007. 
  23. ^ "Production Alfa 8C Spider to debut in Geneva". italiaspeed.com. 19 February 2008. Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2008. 
  24. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider shows that Alfa's bets keep getting better". autoweek.com. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  25. ^ "2010 Alfa Romeo 8C Spider First Drive". Motor Trend. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "Geneva preview: Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione Spider". channel4.com. Archived from the original on 12 April 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  27. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider shows that Alfa's bets keep getting better". autoweek.com. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  28. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione goes on sale". motorauthority.com. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  29. ^ "First Alfa Romeo 8C Competitzione (sic) Sold In US Parked At New York Train Station?". jalopnik.com. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
  30. ^ "The Alfa Romeo 8C is Really Here!". velocetoday.com. Archived from the original on 15 November 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2008. 
  31. ^ "ALFA ROMEO 8C COMPETIZIONE ON THE ROAD". autodesign.socialblog.us. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  32. ^ "[FHD] ALFA ROMEO 8C Competizione driving and walk around!!! #500... - Bing Videos". Bing.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  33. ^ "A Boston Blizzard Means Fun Time For This Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". Jalopnik.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Spotted: Alfa 8C Competizione". Gtspirit.com. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  35. ^ "Chrysler's CEO on '60 Minutes': 'The fear has gone'". Content.usatoday.com. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione (Topic Ufficiale - 2006)". autopareri.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  37. ^ "Cespedes said he was out of cars and then showed up in an Alfa Romeo". si.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 

External links[edit]