Alfa Romeo Alfa 6
|Alfa Romeo Alfa 6|
Alfa Romeo Alfa 6 first series (1979–1983)
|Also called||Alfa Sei|
|Assembly||Arese, Milan, Italy|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
|Related||Alfa Romeo Alfetta|
3-speed ZF automatic
|Wheelbase||2,600 mm (102.4 in)|
|Length||4,760 mm (187.4 in)|
|Width||1,680 mm (66.1 in)|
|Height||1,420 mm (55.9 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,480 kg (3,263 lb) (petrol)|
1,580 kg (3,480 lb) (turbodiesel)
|Predecessor||Alfa Romeo 2600|
|Successor||Alfa Romeo 164|
The Alfa Romeo Alfa 6 (Type 119) is a luxury executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 1979 to 1986. Its name refers to the six cylinders of the Alfa Romeo V6 engine, which made its first appearance on this car.
On its launch in 1979, the Alfa 6 was the flagship of the Alfa Romeo range. The four-door body was fairly conventional and used a similar style to the existing Alfa Romeo Alfetta, and in fact both vehicles share a great number of parts, including door panels; Design work on the 6 was done prior to the Alfa Romeo Alfetta, but the fuel crisis of 1973 delayed further development and led to the 6's belated 1979 debut. The styling was not particularly aerodynamic but the drag coefficient was a somewhat respectable 0.41. Power came from an all-new 2.5 V6 engine which generated 158 PS (116 kW; 156 hp) at 5600 rpm using a total of six carburettors and a single, belt driven camshaft in each cylinder head. Power steering, power windows, central locking, electric wing mirrors and a 25% limited slip differential were standard, making the Alfa 6 competitively priced compared to similar saloons of that time where such equipment typically was a costly extra. The car was also designed to set new standards in safety; for example it featured a shock sensor in the boot which would cut off the fuel supply in the event of a crash.
In 1983, the car was revamped, with single rectangle headlights replacing the twin round units, new bumpers, a new grille and new trim around the rear lights. Minor interior changes were also carried out, whilst mechanically the engine's troublesome six carburettors were replaced by Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection, with the power remaining at 158 PS (116 kW; 156 hp). This revamp also saw the introduction of two new engines, a 2.0 version of the existing V6 engine (which retained the carburettors and was specific for the Italian market, where engines larger than two liters were heavily taxed) and a 2.5 litre VM 5 cylinder turbodiesel.
The engine and gearbox were situated at the front and a limited slip differential at the rear. The 6 was fitted with four disc brakes, with the rear ones inboard, to reduce unsprung weight. The 6 has De Dion tube at the rear and it has independent front corners, the gearbox was also located in the front. Two different 5-speed gearboxes were available: one with a "normal" layout, the other with "dog-leg" layout. A three speed automatic transmission from ZF was also available as an option and the ZF hydraulic power steering was the first to be fitted to an Alfa Romeo.
Engines and production
|Alfa 6 2.0 V6||V6||1,997 cc (6 single Dell'Orto carburetors)||99 kW (135 PS) at 5,600 rpm||178 N⋅m (131 lb⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm||1983–1986||1,771|
|Alfa 6 2.5||V6||2,492 cc (6 single Dell'Orto carburetors)||118 kW (160 PS) at 5,800 rpm||219 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm||1979–1982||5,748|
|Alfa 6 2.5 V6 QO||V6||2,492 cc (Bosch L-Jetronic)||116 kW (158 PS) at 5,600 rpm||215 N⋅m (159 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm||1983–1986||1,574|
|Alfa 6 2.5 TD||I5||2,494 cc VM turbodiesel||77 kW (105 PS) at 4,300 rpm||206 N⋅m (152 lb⋅ft) at 2,400 rpm||1983–1986||2,977|
- "Alfa Romeo Alfa 6". carsfromitaly.net. Archived from the original on 31 July 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2007.
- "Automotive/Past vehicles/Alfa Romeo". vmmotori.it. VM Motori. Retrieved 5 July 2007.
- "cambioZF2.jpg". alfa6.net. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- World Cars 1982. Pelham, NY: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. 1982. pp. 180–181. ISBN 0-910714-14-2.
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