Alfa Romeo GT

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Alfa Romeo GT
Alfa GT 20090801 front.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerAlfa Romeo
Production2003–2010[1][2]
AssemblyPomigliano d'Arco, Italy[3]
DesignerBertone
Body and chassis
ClassSports car
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformType Two rev. 3
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,596 mm (102.2 in)[4]
Length4,489 mm (176.7 in)
Width1,763 mm (69.4 in)
Height
  • 1,366 mm (53.8 in) (JTD)
  • 1,362 mm (53.6 in)[4]
  • 1,355 mm (53.3 in) (V6)[4]
Kerb weight1,395–1,485 kg (3,075–3,274 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorAlfa Romeo Sprint

The Alfa Romeo GT (Type 937) is a coupe automobile that was produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 2003 and 2010.

The GT was introduced in March 2003 Geneva Motor Show[5] and it came for sale in Italian markets January 2004.[citation needed] It was built at the Pomigliano plant, alongside the 147 and 159.[6] A total of 80,832 units were produced.[6] Production commenced on 28 November 2003.

History[edit]

The GT was based on Alfa Romeo 156 platform (also used for the 147) with styling by Bertone.[7]

The bodywork is in a classic coupé style, but uses a hatchback two door style compared to the earlier coupés like GTV and some rivals such as the BMW 3 Series Coupé. Combined with a full rear bench giving 5 seats (rather than a 2+2 layout) the GT was advertised as being a practical sports car.[8] Most mechanicals were taken directly from the 156/147[7] using the same double wishbone front suspension and MacPherson rear setup.

The interior is derived form the smaller hatchback 147 and shares many common parts. The GT shares the same dash layout and functions, the climate control system as well as having a similar electrical system. Some exterior parts are taken from 147 with same bonnet, wing mirrors and front wings (from 147 GTA). The engine range included both a 1.8 TS, and 2.0 JTS petrol engine, a 1.9 MultiJet turbodiesel, and a top of the range 3.2 V6 petrol. Luggage capacity is 320 l and could be enlarged to 905 l.

The GT was positioned as a sports car in Alfa Romeo's range, along with the Brera (which was based on the newer mid-size Alfa 159 sedan/saloon car). In October 2006, Alfa introduced a 1.9 JTD Q2 version with limited slip differential, and also added a new trim level called Black Line.[9]

In 2008, Alfa introduced the cloverleaf model as a limited edition complete with new trim levels, lowered suspension, body kit, 18 inch alloy wheels and was only available in the colours Black, Alfa Red, or Blue. The engines included 1.8 L and 2.0 L petrol, as well as 1.9 L Multijet turbo diesel. Production ended on 16 June 2010.

Appearance[edit]

The GT has been acclaimed for its attractive styling and purposeful good looks.[10][11] The design by Bertone follows a history of collaboration with Alfa Romeo.

In 2004, the Alfa GT was voted the world's most beautiful coupe in the annual 'World's Most Beautiful Automobile' (L'Automobile più Bella del Mondo ) awards.

Engines[edit]

Rear view of an Alfa Romeo GT

The GT primarily shared its engines with the 156. The layout and design of the engines is identical, although with some differences in power outputs, with a 170 PS (130 kW; 170 hp) version of the diesel available and the quoted power output of the V6 slightly lower at 240 PS (180 kW; 240 hp) instead of 250 PS (180 kW; 250 hp).

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h (62 mph),
(seconds)
1.8 TS I4 1.7 L (1,747 cc) 140 PS (138 bhp; 103 kW) @ 6500 rpm 163 N⋅m (120 lb⋅ft) @ 3900 rpm 200 km/h (120 mph) 10.6
2.0 JTS 2.0 L (1,970 cc) 165 PS (163 bhp; 121 kW) @ 6400 rpm 206 N⋅m (152 lb⋅ft) @ 3250 rpm 216 km/h (134 mph) 8.7
3.2 V6 V6 3.2 L (3,179 cc) 240 PS (237 bhp; 177 kW) @ 6200 rpm 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) @ 4800 rpm 243 km/h (151 mph) 6.7
1.9 JTDm I4 1.9 L (1,910 cc) 150 PS (148 bhp; 110 kW) @ 4000 rpm 305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft) @ 2000 rpm 209 km/h (130 mph) 9.2
170 PS (168 bhp; 125 kW) @ 3750 rpm 330 N⋅m (243 lb⋅ft) @ 2000 rpm 216 km/h (134 mph) 8.2

References:[12][13][14]

Brakes and suspension[edit]

Standard were 284 mm (11.2 in) ventilated front discs with 276 mm (10.9 in) at the rear. The 3.2 V6 has 330 mm (13.0 in) ventilated discs at front.[15] The GT included anti-lock braking system with electronic brakeforce distribution and hydraulic brake assistance.

Other features included VDC (Vehicle Dynamic Control) or Alfa's version of ESP (Electronic Stability Program), ASR (Anti Slip Regulation) or traction control, EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution), ABS, brake assist and later the Q2 System. The Q2 system is Alfa's limited-slip differential technology, for improved cornering, reducing wheel spin, and torque steer to help mitigate understeer common to front-wheel drive cars.

Standard features included power steering, trip computer, air conditioning, reverse assist, dual climate control, airbags (including 'curtain' airbags) with internal passenger sensors to decide remotely which airbags to deploy, side mirror defrosters, and cruise control, plus options like seat warmers, leather interior, ten CD changer, satellite radio controls and windscreen sensors for automatic wiper activation.

Fuel consumption[edit]

Model Fuel cons. urban
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
Fuel cons. extra-urban
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
Fuel cons. combined
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
1.8 TS 23.0 (12.1) 44.0 (6.4) 35.0 (8.5)
2.0 JTS 23.2 (12.2) 42.2 (6.7) 32.5 (8.7)
3.2 V6 15.2 (18.6) 32.5 (8.7) 22.8 (12.4)
1.9 JTDm 33.2 (8.2) 57.6 (4.8) 45.6 (6.1)
1.9 JTDm (170 PS) 32.5 (8.7) 58.9 (4.8) 45.6 (6.2)

References:[4][9][15]

References:[12][13][16]

Fuel consumption[edit]

Model Fuel cons. urban
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
Fuel cons. extra-urban
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
Fuel cons. combined
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
1.8 TS 23.0 (12.1) 44.0 (6.4) 35.0 (8.5)
2.0 JTS 23.2 (12.2) 42.2 (6.7) 32.5 (8.7)
3.2 V6 15.2 (18.6) 32.5 (8.7) 22.8 (12.4)
1.9 JTDm 33.2 (8.2) 57.6 (4.8) 45.6 (6.1)
1.9 JTDm (170 PS) 32.5 (8.7) 58.9 (4.8) 45.6 (6.2)

References:[4][9][15]

Special versions for foreign markets[edit]

Approaching the end of its life, the GT was proposed in special versions intended for sale on some markets. In some cases, differences from the national versions were quite impressive.

The Special Edition (British market)[edit]

The Special Edition 1.9 JTDm was produced for the British market, where it had to be preordered by the customer ("run out").[17] Its unofficial name was "quadrifoglio verde" (cloverleaf). It had leather interiors, Q2,.[18]

The Run Out Edition (Sport) (Dutch market)[edit]

Gt Run Out Edition (sport) reimported to Italy

The Run Out Edition 2.0 JTS gasoline (black only) was assembled in a run of 12 cars [19] for the Dutch dealers only.[20][21] For what concerns the mechanical part, it mounted a revised 2000 JTS [22] powered 165 CV, while the car is lowered. This version had some specifications improved in respect to the top line; the audio system Bose was connected to a multimedia USB, integrated to the bluetooth blue&me. It has 18 inches alloy wheels, painted brake calipers, black instruments white lighted, black leather steering wheel, alloy pedals. Furthermore, the car is fitted with specific sized grey leather seats and interiors.[23]

The Centenario (Australian, South African and French markets)[edit]

The "100th anniversary limited edition" version [24] is intended for the Australian and South African markets;,[25] and coloured Rosso Alfa, Atlantic Blue, Black e Ice White. The “100th Anniversary Limited Edition” was produced in 130 pieces: 100 for the Australian market and 30 for the South African one.

Following the overhauling in fashion in that market, that GTs are equipped with the 3.2 V6 with a manual six speed clutch. A centenario version was made for the market in France.[26] It had a rear view camera, Blue&Me, 1.9 JTDm 16V 150 CV engine.

The Quadrifoglio Oro (Japanese market)[edit]

The Quadrifoglio Oro was made in 60 pieces with specifications similar to the Dutch Run Out: 2.0 JTS with standard 166 CV, Selespeed gearbox, red instruments, alloy wheels, red paint.[27] This version ends the assembling of the last bodies of the GT.[28]

GT Cabriolet Concept[edit]

A GT Cabriolet concept car made by design house Bertone.

A softtop GT Cabrio Concept was made by Bertone in 2003, it came in public April 6, 2011.[29] The car was four-seat open version of the GT coupé, which Bertone hoped to get built in their own plant. The next generation Alfa open top car was instead built by Pininfarina using the Brera coupé as a base.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enrique García (2010). "Alfa Romeo cesa la producción del GT". es.autoblog.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
  2. ^ "Alfa 147 156 166 GT Production Dates". bozhdynsky.com. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  3. ^ "MAIN FIAT GROUP AUTOMOBILES PLANTS IN THE WORLD". fiatgroup.com. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Search results for "alfa romeo GT"". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
  5. ^ Fiat Chrysler Automobiles EMEA Press: NEW ALFA GT COUPÉ, WORLD PREMIERE - Press Releases - Fiat Chrysler Automobiles EMEA Press, accessdate: 29. November 2018
  6. ^ a b Luca Ciferri. "The car that Alfa should have built". Automotive News. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  7. ^ a b "2006 Alfa Romeo GT Coupe 3.2 V6". rsportscars.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  8. ^ "Alfa GT". Retrieved 2016-11-28.
  9. ^ a b c "Alfa Romeo at the 2006 Paris International Motor Show". fiatautopress.com. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  10. ^ "The Verdict: Alfa Gt". independent.co.uk. London. 2004-06-29. Archived from the original on 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  11. ^ "Alfa GT a real thoroughbred". carsguide.news.com.au. Archived from the original on 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  12. ^ a b "Technical specifications Alfa GT 1.9 JTDM 16v 170 CV and Q2 system" (PDF). alfaromeopress.com/. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
  13. ^ a b "Press release 04 November 2003" (PDF). alfaromeopress.com. 2003. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  14. ^ "2003 Alfa Romeo GT 3.2 V6". carfolio.com. February 28, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "Technical specifications" (PDF). fiatautopress.com/download. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  16. ^ "2003 Alfa Romeo GT 3.2 V6". carfolio.com. February 28, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  17. ^ Top Gear. "Alfa GT Cloverleaf news - Coming up clover - 2008 - BBC Top Gear". BBC Top Gear.
  18. ^ Fabio Sciarra. "Alfa Romeo GT Quadrifoglio: nuova serie speciale per la Gran Bretagna". Autoblog.it.
  19. ^ "Automotive Database".
  20. ^ (in Dutch) Brochure showing the "Run Out Edition 2010" aka GT Sport
  21. ^ "GT Sport data sheet" (PDF) (in German). Alfa Romero. June 2010. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  22. ^ "Descrizione dell'evoluzione del motore 2000 JTS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 2015-07-18.
  23. ^ Andrea Zaliani. "Alfa Romeo GT". Autoblog.it.
  24. ^ Dario Montrone. "Alfa Romeo GT: versione "centenario" per Australia e Sud Africa". Autoblog.it.
  25. ^ Brochure Alfa GT Centenario Archived April 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Dario Montrone. "Alfa Romeo 147 e GT in allestimento "Centenario" per il mercato francese". Autoblog.it.
  27. ^ "Alfa GT Quadrifoglio Oro - SESSANTA PEZZI PER IL GIAPPONE - Quattroruote". Quattroruote.it. Archived from the original on 2014-02-24.
  28. ^ Dario Montrone. "Alfa Romeo GT: la versione Quadrifoglio Oro per il Giappone". Autoblog.it.
  29. ^ Luca Ciferri. "The car that Alfa should have built". autoweek.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07.

External links[edit]