Alfano

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Alfano
Comune di Alfano
Alfano.jpg
Coat of arms of Alfano
Coat of arms
Alfano within the Province of Salerno
Alfano within the Province of Salerno
Location of Alfano
Alfano is located in Italy
Alfano
Alfano
Location of Alfano in Italy
Alfano is located in Campania
Alfano
Alfano
Alfano (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°11′N 15°25′E / 40.183°N 15.417°E / 40.183; 15.417Coordinates: 40°11′N 15°25′E / 40.183°N 15.417°E / 40.183; 15.417
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceSalerno (SA)
Government
 • MayorAmelia Viterale (Lista Civica)
Area
 • Total4 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
 (1 december 2012)[2]
 • Total1,082
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Alfanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84040
Dialing code0974
Patron saintSophia of Rome and Matthew the Evangelist
Saint dayDecember 6 (Saint Nicholas)
WebsiteOfficial website

Alfano (Cilentan: Alfànu) is a village and small comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. As of December 31, 2012, the comune had a population of 1082.[3]

History[edit]

There is little reliable evidence on the ancient history of Alfano. However, according to tradition a large city existed on the slopes of Mount Centaurino, near the present frazione of Roccagloriosa, but this would have been destroyed in a catastrophic earthquake.[4]

In 1496 the town was given to the Neapolitan noble Giovanni Carafa, Duke of Paliano.

Geography[edit]

Alfano borders with the municipalities of Laurito, Roccagloriosa and Rofrano.

Main sights[edit]

The main church in Alfano is the Church of Saint Nicholas. The baronial Novelli Palace dates back to the 18th century. It has a grand entrance of stone, leading to a hall, and for some time served as the Town Hall of Alfano.

Palazzo dei Baroni Speranza, another palace, belonged to the Baron Speranza di Laurito. The palace, a large complex building complex elevated above the town,[5] contains a central courtyard.

Economy[edit]

The comune is a renowned producer of wine. Although the soils are amongst the poorest in of the country, given the harshness of the territory and the dryness of soils, local grape varieties were introduced to Elea and Paestum by ancient Greek colonists and adapted to grow in clay-calcareous soils and climate of the area.

The Cilento brand of wine was established on May 3, 1989, and is produced in three varieties.[6] Paying homage the Ancient Greek colonists in Paestum and the viniculture experienced there, on November 22, 1995, the brand of wine Paestum went into production.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Dati Istat - Popolazione residente all'1/3/2009
  4. ^ "Storia" (in Italian). comune.alfano.sa.it. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
  5. ^ "Gite turistiche" (in Italian). comune.alfano.sa.it. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
  6. ^ "Cilento" (in Italian). comune.alfano.sa.it. Retrieved September 20, 2009.

External links[edit]

Media related to Alfano at Wikimedia Commons