Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida

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Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida
President (governor) of Espirito Santo (appointed)
In office
June 7, 1891 – December 8, 1891
Preceded by Antonio Gomez Aguirre
Succeeded by a governing junta formed by Inácio Henrique de Gouveia, Graciano dos Santos Neves and Galdino Teixeira de Barros Loreto.

Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, 1st and only Baron of Monjardim (April 20/28, 1836 in Vitória, Espírito Santo – June 6/7, 1824 in Chácara de Capixaba, Vitória, Espírito Santo) was the sixth president (governor) of the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, and the first to be elected by the people of the state.

Political career[edit]

The Baron of Monjardim governed Espirito Santo from June 7, 1891 to December 8, 1891, when he resigned the office due to the coup d'état that led Marshall Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca to renounce the presidency of Brazil. Monjardin also knew the newly inaugurated president, the former vice-president Marshall Floriano Peixoto would not be following the 1890s Constitution of Brazil's article that demanded a new election if the President resigned, was impeached or died before the middle of the term, which was the case and to which he didn't agree as well.

Monjardim still wanted to transfer the office to his vice-governor, Antonio Gomez Aguirre, but the govern of the State was promptly taken over by an intervention that impeded Aguirre to even be inaugurated and set up a governing junta formed by Inácio Henrique de Gouveia, Graciano dos Santos Neves, and Galdino Teixeira de Barros Loreto.


Monjardim's parents were Colonel of the National Guard José Francisco de Andrade e Almeida Monjardim (Brazil, February 9, 1797 – Vitória, Espírito Santo, January 24, 1884) (son of Inácio João Monjardim, born at Encarnação, Lisbon, December 27, 1742, of Italian ancestry, and wife Ana Luísa Porto) and wife Ana Francisca Maria da Penha Benedita Homem de Azevedo (daughter of Francisco Pinto Homem de Azevedo and wife Francisca de Sampaio Pereira Porto). He worked as inspector of custom house in Rio de Janeiro, from what he retired in 1881.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

He was a Knight of the Order of Christ (an old Portuguese Knight Order). Prior than becoming the first elected governor of Espirito Santo, he already had been the administrator of the imperial province of Espirito Santo for four occasions, as well he had been representative (Deputado), first in the province's chamber and later in the imperial chamber. The title was granted him on August 24/September 29, 1889 by Pedro II of Brazil.

Marriage and children[edit]

He married Laurinda Luísa Pinto Pereira and had a large number of descendants, being the Brazilian singer Maysa Matarazzo one of them.

See also[edit]