Alfons Mumm von Schwarzenstein

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Alfons Mumm von Schwarzenstein.jpg

Philipp Alfons Freiherr Mumm von Schwarzenstein (19 March 1859 – 10 July 1924) was a diplomat of the German Empire. He succeeded the murdered Baron Clemens von Ketteler as ambassador in Beijing in 1900.

Mumm studied law at Göttingen University and entered the diplomatic service afterwards. He served in London (1885), Washington D.C. (1888), Bucarest (1892–93), Rome (1893–94), Luxembourgh (1898) and again in Washington (1899). During his years in China, he dealt with the Boxer Rebellion and signed The Boxer Protocol on September 7, 1901 on behalf of Germany, maintained an extraordinarily good relation with Empress Dowager Cixi, but also he took many pictures of China in the 1900s as an amateur photographer. From 1909-11, he was ambassador of the German Reich in Japan. He retired in 1911, but was reactivated 1914 in Berlin.

In March through November 1918, he represented the German Reich in Kiev.[1][2]


Further reading[edit]


Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Viktor Henckel von Donnersmarck
German Ambassador to Luxembourg
Succeeded by
Heinrich von Tschirschky
Preceded by
Clemens von Ketteler
German Minister to China
Succeeded by
Arthur von Rex
Preceded by
Friedrich Carl von Erckert
German Ambassador to Japan
Succeeded by
Arthur von Rex
Preceded by
post created
German Ambassador to Ukraine
Succeeded by
Johannes Graf von Berchem