He won the Grand Prix du Salon in 1881 with La Piété Filiale. He then moved to Florence for a long period and was a favourite sculptor of presidents and royalty such as George I of Greece and Maria-Pia of Romania.
He provided inspiration and encouragement to the next generation of sculptors such as Laure Coutan and Camille Claudel. The latter was depicted in Camille Claudel lisant by Boucher and later she herself sculpted a bust of her mentor. Before moving to Florence and after having taught Claudel and others for over three years, Boucher asked Auguste Rodin to take over the instruction of his pupils. This is how Auguste Rodin and Claudel met and their tumultuous and passionate relationship started.
A statuette of Joan of Arc was featured on an episode of Antique Road Show.
- Camille Claudel révélée..., sculpture by Alfred Boucher and Auguste Rodin, Nogent-sur-Seine, Agora Michel Baroin,
- Alfred Boucher, 1850–1934, sculpteur humaniste, Musée Paul Dubois-Alfred Boucher, Nogent-sur-Seine, 27 May to 29 October 2000, (catalogue available with text by Jacques Piette, conservateur du musée municipal Paul Dubois – Alfred Boucher)
- exporevue.com by artcomputingvision.com. "Camille Claudel révélée, exporevue, magazine, art vivant et actualité". Exporevue.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- Official site of Musée Paul Dubois-Alfred Boucher, Nogent-sur-Seine Archived 2009-08-03 at the Wayback Machine
- Biography of Alfred Boucher Archived 2010-09-09 at the Wayback Machine
- National Art Museum of Sport
- Alfred Boucher in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website