Alfred Dehodencq in 1848 self portrait by the artist
|Born||Edme Alexis Alfred Dehodencq
April 23, 1822
|Died||January 2, 1882
|Notable work||The Farewell of King Boabdil at Granada (1860), The Morrocan storyteller, Jewish bride in Morocco, Execution of a Moroccan Jewess (1860), Combat De Novillos, the bull fight, Los Duques de Montpensier, Sevilla (1853), Gypsy Dance in the Gardens of the Alcazar before the Pavilion of Charles V (1851), A Religious Confraternity Processing along the Calle Genova, Seville (1851), Fate Directs the Faltering|
|Awards||Legion of Honour|
Alfred Dehodencq (birth name Edme Alexis Alfred Dehodencq) (23 April 1822 – 2 January 1882) was a mid-19th-century French Orientalist painter born in Paris. He was known for his vivid oil paintings, especially those of North African scenes.
Dehodencq was born in Paris on 23 April 1822. During his early years, Dehodencq studied in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts under the tutelage of French artist Leon Cogniet. Following the French revolution of 1848 he spent five years in Spain where he became acquainted with the works of Spanish painters Diego Velázquez and Francisco Goya which had a strong influence on his approach to painting.
In 1853 he travelled to Morocco, where for the following ten years he produced many of his most famous paintings depicting scenes of the world he encountered. Dehodencq was the first foreign artist known to have lived in Morocco for an extended number of years.
Dehodencq married Maria Amelia Calderon in 1857 in Cadiz, Spain, and they had three children. Their son, painter Edmond Dehodencq, was born in Cadiz in 1860 (and died in Paris in 1887). Dehodencq returned to Paris in 1863 with his wife, and was decorated with the Legion of Honour in 1870. He committed suicide on 2 January 1882 having been sick for a long time and is buried in the Montmartre Cemetery.
Inspired by the life and death of Sol Hachuel, Dehodencq painted Execution d'une juive au Maroc (Execution of a Moroccan Jewess) (1860), which is among his better-known paintings. This painting along with his studio was destroyed by an angry mob His painting A Jewish Woman with her Negro Maid (1867) as well as over 30 of his drawings are in the collection of the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
Partial list of paintings:
- Course de taureaux à Madrid, 1850, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Pau
- Concert juif chez le caïd marocain, 1854, special collection
- La justice du Pacha, 1866, Musée Salies, Bagnères-de-Bigorre
- Mariée juive au Maroc, 1867, Musée Saint-Denis, Reims
- Les Adieux de Boabdil à Grenade, 1869, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Fête juive à Tanger, 1870, Musée de Poitiers
- Portrait de Mme Dehodencq, special collection
- Le Prince Piscicelli, 1850, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux
- Portrait de Marie au nœud rouge, 1872, special collection
- Una cofradía pasando por la calle Génova, Sevilla, Musée Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
- La descente des ouvriers, Musée des beaux-arts de Lyon
- Bohémiens en marche, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Mariée juive, Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille
- Danse des Noirs à Tanger 1874, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Jésus ressuscite la fille de Jaïre, Musée Magnin, Dijon
- Un baile de gitanos en los jardines del Alcázar, delante del pabellón de Carlos V 1851, Musée Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
- Scène à Paris Café, National Gallery, Washington, D.C.
- Little gypsy, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore
- "Self-Portrait"(High Art Museum)(Atlanta)
- Musées Midi-Pyrénées Edmond Dehodencq
- Gérard-Georges Lemaire: Orientalismus. Das Bild des Morgenlandes in der Malerei. Könemann, Köln 2000, ISBN 3-8331-1433-9, p.338.
- Alfred Dehodencq : l'homme & l'artiste: Séailles, Gabriel, P114-115
- Françoise Cachin, Charles S. Moffett, Juliet Wilson Bareau, « Manet 1832–1883 », Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris,1983. ISBN 2-7118-0230-2. p.237.
- Exhibited at Salon de Paris in 1870
- Exhibited at Salon de Paris in 1876
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