|The Right Honourable
|Member of Parliament
26 July – 27 July 1945
|Preceded by||Roy Wise|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Gordon Walker|
|Born||Alfred James Dubs
18 June, 1882
Bozeat, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, Great Britain
|Died||27 July 1945(aged 63)|
Alfred James Dobbs (18 June 1882 – 27 July 1945) was a British Labour Party politician and trade unionist. He died in a car accident the day after being elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Smethwick; his one day as an MP remains the shortest term served since the Second World War.
Local politics and union career
Dobbs was born in Bozeat, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire. He served as a Rushden Urban District Councillor between 1906 and 1910, although he moved to Leeds in 1909. There, he immediately took an interest in the Leeds branch of the National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, becoming president of the branch in 1917. In March, 1919, he was elected to the Executive Committee of the Union.
In local politics, Dobbs was elected as a Leeds City Councillor from 1923 to 1929, then as Alderman in Leeds 1929–36 and was chairman the Housing Committee. Dobbs was Leader of Labour Group on Leeds City Council between 1931 and 1936 as well as a magistrate.
After his time at the Leeds City Council, Dobbs worked as National Organiser for the Shoe Union 1936-45. He was well-known at senior levels of the Labour Party, a member of the National Executive Committee 1936–45 and Chair of the Labour Party 1942–43.
Election and death
He was elected as MP for Smethwick in the Labour landslide of 1945, defeating the Conservative incumbent, Roy Wise. However, having been elected on 26 July 1945, Dobbs was killed in a car accident the next day, 27 July 1945. Attempting to avoid a child, Dobbs' car was in collision with a military vehicle in Doncaster, and he was killed instantly. His passenger, Mrs. Elsie Marshall, was seriously injured and was brought to the Doncaster Royal Infirmary. She died later in hospital. Although there have been occasions when MPs were elected posthumously, Dobbs' term was the shortest actually served since World War II.
He was succeeded as MP for Smethwick by Labour's Patrick Gordon Walker, who held the seat for the next 19 years.
- "Swerved to Avoid Child, Killed". Northampton Mercury. 3 August 1945. Retrieved 27 May 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "M.P. Killed in Car Crash". Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail. 28 July 1945. Retrieved 27 May 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "M.P. Swerved to Avoid Child—Killed". Aberdeen Journal Mail. 16 August 1945. Retrieved 27 May 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Smethwick
Patrick Gordon Walker
|Party political offices|
|Chair of the Labour Party